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Tóir ar na hÉireann

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IRI: Is stát í Éire (Ireland i mBéarla), ar an gcuid is mó d'oileán na hÉireann, amach ó chósta thiar-thuaidh na hEorpa. Is le Tuaisceart Éireann, atá laistigh den Ríocht Aontaithe, an chuid eile den oileán. Éire an teideal oifigiúil atá ar an stát as Gaeilge (as Béarla, Ireland) – leis an gcur síos oifigiúil Poblacht na hÉireann, (Republic of Ireland as Béarla). Cé gur fhan an Phoblacht neodrach le linn an Dara Chogaidh Domhanda agus cogaí eile ó shin, is ballstát de na Náisiúin Aontaithe agus den Aontas Eorpach í, ach ní dheachaigh sí isteach in ECAT, ar eagraíocht míleata é.





ENG: Ireland is a country in north-western Europe. The modern sovereign state occupies about five-sixths of the island of Ireland, which was partitioned on 3 May 1921. It is bordered by Northern Ireland—part of the United Kingdom—to the north, by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Irish Sea to the east and the Celtic Sea and St George's Channel to the South and South-East. The legal name of the state is simply "Ireland", but its legal description the Republic of Ireland is sometimes used to differentiate the state from the island.


On 29 December 1937 Ireland became the successor-state to the Irish Free State, itself established on 6 December 1922. Ireland was one of the poorest countries in Western Europe and had high emigration.


The state became a republic in 1949. It had already ceased to participate in the British Commonwealth, but since sharing a monarch with Britain was then a requirement for membership, it automatically departed from that organisation at that time, which it has never rejoined.


The protectionist economy was opened in the late 1950s and Ireland joined the European Communities (now the European Union) in 1973. An economic crisis led Ireland to start large-scale economic reforms in the late 1980s. Ireland reduced taxation and regulation dramatically compared to other EU countries.


Despite a forecast for reduced economic growth in 2008, Ireland today has the fifth highest gross domestic product per capita and the seventh gross domestic product per capita considering purchasing power parity, and has the fifth highest Human Development Index rank in the world. The country also boasts the highest quality of life in the world, ranking first in the Economist Intelligence Unit’s Quality-of-life index. Ireland was ranked sixth on the Global Peace Index. Ireland also has high rankings for its education system, political freedom and civil rights, press freedom and economic freedom; it was also ranked fourth from the bottom on the Failed States Index, being one of the few "sustainable" states in the world. Ireland has emerged as an attractive destination for foreign immigrants who now make up approximately 10% of the population. Ireland's population is the fastest growing in Europe with an annual growth rate of 2.5%.


Ireland is a member of the EU, the OECD, and the UN. Ireland's policy of neutrality means it is not a member of NATO, although it does contribute to peacekeeping missions sanctioned by the UN.


Location of Republic of Ireland (dark green) Coat of ArmsFlag














Anthem: Amhrán na bhFiann (The Soldier's Song)

Government: Republic and Parliamentary democracy

President: Mary McAleese

Taoiseach: Brian C. wen, TD

Tánaiste: Mary Coughlan, TD

Capital: Dublin

Official languages: Irish, English




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