Shas (Hebrew: ש״ס, an acronym for Shomrei Sfarad, lit. Have you voted for or against Shas ? Sfarad's guards (of the Torah)) is an ultra-orthodox religious political party in Israel. Founded in 1984 under the leadership of Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, a former Israeli Sephardi chief rabbi, who remained its spiritual leader until his death in October 2013, it primarily represents the interests of Haredi Sephardic and Mizrahi Jews.
Originally a small ethnic political group, Shas is currently Israel's fifth largest party in the Knesset, and, according to The Jewish Daily Forward, "the unchallenged kingmaker of Israeli politics". Since 1984, it has almost always formed a part of the governing coalition, whether the ruling party was Labor or Likud. As of 2013, Shas members currently sit with Labor in the opposition due to disagreements with other right-wing parties in Netanyahu's coalition about conscription of the ultra-Orthodox into national service.
Leader: Aryeh Deri
Founded: 19. 4
Ideology: Religious nationalism, Religious conservatism (Torah Judaism), Populism
International affiliation: World Zionist Organization
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מפלגת ש"ס מצע בחירות, להורדה מפלגת ש ס, מצע מפלגת ש ס, מצע ש"ס 1984 and more...