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Um jurista, jornalista e político conservador português. | A Portuguese conservative politician, the current Deputy Prime Minister.
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Biography

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Paulo Sacadura Cabral Portas (Lisboa, 12 de setembro de 1962) é um jurista, jornalista e político conservador português. Actualmente, Paulo Portas é o vice-primeiro-ministro de Portugal. Nascido na freguesia de Avenidas Novas (São Sebastião da Pedreira), é filho de Nuno Portas, arquitecto, e de Helena de Sacadura Cabral, economista e jornalista; irmão de Miguel Portas, dirigente político, e meio-irmão de Catarina Portas, jornalista e empresária. É também sobrinho-neto do aviador Sacadura Cabral.

 

Biografia

Estudou no Colégio de São João de Brito e licenciou-se em Direito, pela Universidade Católica Portuguesa. Estreou-se no jornalismo aos quinze anos, como estagiário na redacção de O Tempo. Foi depois redactor de A Tarde e do Semanário, acompanhando Vítor Cunha Rego.

 

Iniciou a sua vida política na Juventude Social Democrata, em 1975, chegando a dirigir o seu jornal oficial, então designado Pelo Socialismo. Em 1979 aderiu também ao Partido Social Democrata, abandonando as duas estruturas em 1982. Juntamente com Miguel Esteves Cardoso fundou O Independente, um jornal que pretendia revolucionar a imprensa portuguesa, contrapondo os jornais esquerdistas de então. Através d'O Independente protagonizou violentas críticas e denúncias contra os governos de Aníbal Cavaco Silva. A par do jornalismo leccionou, na Universidade Moderna de Lisboa, a disciplina de História das Ideias Políticas, e dirigiu a Amostra, centro de sondagens da mesma instituição.

 

Em 1995 abandona a direcção d' O Independente, iniciando uma carreira política. Foi eleito deputado à Assembleia da República, nas listas do Centro Democrático Social, pelo Círculo de Aveiro. Juntamente com Manuel Monteiro, protagonizou a revisão da orientação política do partido, que adoptara a designação de CDS-PP - Partido Popular. Incompatibilizado com Manuel Monteiro, disputou a liderança do CDS-PP à sua sucessora designada, Maria José Nogueira Pinto, que derrotou. Foi deputado à Assembleia Municipal de Oliveira de Azeméis (1997-2001), presidiu ao Grupo Parlamentar do CDS-PP (1999-2001), foi deputado ao Parlamento Europeu (1999) e candidato a presidente da Câmara Municipal de Lisboa (2001), eleito vereador. A 17 de Agosto de 1998 foi feito Grande-Oficial da Ordem do Mérito Civil de Espanha.

 

Entre 2002 e 2005 foi co-responsável pela coligação governativa entre o PSD e o CDS-PP, vindo a exercer funções como Ministro de Estado e da Defesa Nacional (2002-2004) e Ministro de Estado, da Defesa Nacional e dos Assuntos do Mar (2004-2005), nos respectivos XV e XVI Governos Constitucionais. Nas eleições legislativas de 2005, não conseguindo o objectivo de obter 10% dos votos e evitar a maioria absoluta do Partido Socialista, pediu a demissão, sucedendo-lhe alguns meses mais tarde José Ribeiro e Castro. Em 2005 foi distinguido pelo secretário da Defesa dos Estados Unidos da América, Donald H. Rumsfeld, com a medalha ‘Distinguished Public Service Award'. No entanto, em 2007, voltaria com uma candidatura à Comissão Política Nacional, que o trouxe de volta à liderança do CDS-PP. Obteve cerca de 75% do votos sobre Ribeiro e Castro. No intervalo, dedicara-se à análise da atualidade política na SIC Notícias.

 

A 5 de junho de 2011 é candidato, e reeleito, deputado nas eleições legislativas para a Assembleia da República. Conduziu as negociações para a constituição do XIX Governo Constitucional de Portugal pelo CDS-PP com o líder do PSD, Pedro Passos Coelho, que culminaram na assinatura a 16 de junho de 2011 de um acordo político de governação denominado "Maioria para a Mudança". No dia 21 de Junho de 2011, toma posse como Ministro de Estado e dos Negócios Estrangeiros pelo XIX Governo Constitucional de Portugal. Nestas funções, sugeriu que as Embaixadas de Portugal se tornassem locais de mostras de produtos nacionais. Posteriormente, ficou encarregue da Economia para as questões externas, até então a cargo do Ministério da Economia e de Álvaro Santos Pereira.

 

A 16 de Julho de 2012 foi feito Comendador com Estrela da Ordem do Mérito da Polónia. A 2 de Julho de 2013, Paulo Portas apresenta a sua carta de demissão do governo ao primeiro-ministro, Pedro Passos de Coelho devido à escolha da nova ministra das finanças, Maria Luís Albuquerque, após a demissão do antigo ministro Vítor Gaspar no dia anterior. Contudo, após dois dias de conversações entre os líderes da coligação, os dois partidos chegaram a um acordo. No dia 7 de Julho, o líder do CDS-PP é promovido a vice-primeiro-ministro e fica com a responsabilidade da coordenação das políticas económicas, do relacionamento com a Comissão de Credores e da reforma do Estado.

 

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Paulo de Sacadura Cabral Portas (born 12 September 1962), is Portugal's Deputy Prime-Minister and leading conservative politician. He is the leader of Portugal's only politically to-the-right major party, the CDS – People's Party (CDS-PP), on whose lists he has been elected to the Portuguese Parliament on every legislative election since 1995. He was Minister of Defence from 2002 to 2005 and Minister of State and Foreign Affairs from 2011 to 2013, both times in coalitions of the PSD and his CDS-PP. He has been dogged by several controversies, in particular a costly purchase of submarines when he was Minister of Defence.

 

Political career

Before becoming a politician, Portas was a journalist. In the late 1980s, he co-founded, with Miguel Esteves Cardoso, the weekly newspaper O Independente, which became famous for denouncing political scandals during the governments of Aníbal Cavaco Silva (1985–1995). This position earned him the qualification as one of the most hated men in the country. Many social-democrat politicians never forgave him his attitude during this period and never accepted his alliance with José Manuel Durão Barroso in 2002. 

 

In 1995 he first became an MP with the People's Party (CDS-PP), and would eventually break with then-leader, Manuel Monteiro, three years later, to become the party leader himself. In the Parliament (1995-2002), he is known to be found of a very peculiar style of speech, using humour bordering paternalism, right-wing populist, demagoguery and unashamed self-infatuation, which he crystallised as his trademark, to contradict the views of the Portuguese Government, then led by the socialist António Guterres. In 1998 Portas became the leader of the CDS-PP, which was in two coalition governments with the Social Democratic Party, from April 2002 to March 2005. 

 

In June 2004, Prime Minister Durão Barroso resigned to became President of the European Commission, and was replaced by Pedro Santana Lopes, Portas becoming Minister of State, National Defence and Sea Affairs. It is not clear how Portas viewed the self-austing of Barroso and the rise of the unelected new Prime Minister, Santana Lopes. Santana Lopes' and Paulo Portas' joint government had a short existence from the very start, and after the dissolution of Parliament by president Jorge Sampaio, the coalition suffered a crushing defeat in the early elections that followed in early 2005, with the PP losing 60,000 votes and two of its fourteen seats in Parliament; Portas announced on election night that he would resign from the party's leadership.

 

In the 2009 legislative election Portas won 9 seats in the parliament and his party came to rouse as the third political force in Portugal. In 2011, after he led his party to its best result in 30 years, Portas became the Minister of Foreign Affairs and State of Portugal in a coalition government between the PSD and the CDS-PP, in which his party got 3 ministries, the PSD got 4 and independents had 4.

 

  • Minister of Foreign Affairs, 2011-13

In the 2011 elections, Portas's opposition strategies paid off and the CDS-PP achieved its best result in 30 years: 11.7% of the total vote. The winning party, the PSD, needed the CDS-PP to reach a parliamentary majority and the two parties formed a coalition government. By his own choice, Portas became minister of state and of foreign affairs and secured two more Minister slots for the CDS-PP. As minister, Portas chose (and relished) devoting himself fully to performing his official functions, in particular traveling abroad . He made his priority what he called "economic diplomacy", meaning the generation through diplomacy of business opportunities abroad for Portuguese companies. To that effect, he wrestled control of the Portuguese Foreign Investment and Trade Agency (AICEP) from the Ministry of Economics. In 2013, to attract foreign investments, Paulo Portas instituted "golden visas" to make it possible for non-EU foreigners to obtain Portuguese residency if they invested at least 500,000 euros in Portuguese real estate. However, as Minister of Foreign Affairs he also chose to distance himself from the difficult decisions related to Portugal's economic austerity program. More than once he kept silent or expressed his disagreement with unpopular measures taken by the government to which he belonged, and on 2 July 2013 he abruptly decided to resign in protest at the appointment of a Finance Minister (Maria Luís Albuquerque) he did not approve of, a decision he called "irrevocable" (see below).

 

  • Deputy Prime-Minister, 2013-

When Paulo Portas resigned from the government in July 2013, Prime-Minister Passos Coelho feared the end of his coalition government and negotiated with Paulo Portas his permanence in a higher capacity as Deputy Prime-Minister with oversight over economic issues. Paulo Portas also obtained the substitution of the minister of economics by a CDS-PP party colleague, who was the former CEO of Portugal's UNICER brewery group and also a close childhood friend. In control of the key ministries of Economics, Agriculture, Labor and Social Security (held by his CDS-PP ministers), Paulo Portas has come to wield political power far beyond the 12% of the national vote his party received in the 2011 elections. Despite having publicly declared that he was against the continuation of IMF/EC/ECB-monitored economic programs in Portugal beyond the expiration of the current arrangement for 2011-14, as part of his Deputy Prime-Minister attributions, Paulo Portas took charge of the IMF/EC/ECB program negotiations but never subsequently publicly raised objections to progr. m understandings. His only visible act of defiance was the setting up, in December 2013, of a "countdown clock" showing the time remaining under the 2011-14 program.

 

source

13.2.09

updated: 2014-07-11

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