ESP - El Partido Panameñista es un partido político nacionalista de derecha,de Panamá siendo el segundo en importancia por cantidad de adherentes y el principal partido de la oposición. Su fundador fue Arnulfo Arias Madrid, quien fue Presidente de Panamá en los períodos (1940-1941, 1949-1951 y 1968).
La bandera panameñista
La bandera del Partido Panameñista el color morado que para los panameñistas significa los sacrificios pasados, presentes y futuros en su lucha por un Panamá mejor. Los otros dos campos el color amarillo que significa la fe intuitiva de hombres, mujeres y niños en el advenimiento de una nueva era de luz, Fraternidad, Paz y Abundancia; y el color rojo, que para los panameñistas significa la sangre derramada por nuestros mártires de todos los tiempos, por razón de nuestras luchas por la Justicia, Independencia y Democracia.
ENG - The Panameñista Party (Spanish: Partido Panameñista) is a Panamanian political party. The party is the second-oldest in Panama. It was founded in 1932 by Harmodio Arias, a prominent newspaper publisher, as the National Revolutionary Party. Its membership largely came from Patriotic Communal Action, a nationalist organization that opposed the large amount of American influence in Panama which had led a coup in 1930. In 1936, Harmodio's younger brother, Arnulfo, took control of the party. In the early 1930s, he had begun promoting a nationalist doctrine called "Panameñismo" (Panamanianism), and this became the basis for the party. It was renamed the Panameñista Party in the mid-1940s.
The party was dominated by Arnulfo Arias, who was elected president of Panama three times and deposed by the military each time. After his third ouster, in 1968, a small dissident group broke with Arias to support the military regime of Omar Torrijos. In return, the Torrijos regime allowed the dissidents to take over the party's registration.
The main body, however, remained with Arias and renamed itself the Authentic Panameñista Party. Known by its Spanish acronym, "PPA," it was one of the leading opponents to Manuel Noriega.
The government of Guillermo Endara designated the first anniversary of the U.S. invasion a "national day of reflection". On that day hundreds of Panamanians marked the day with a "black march" through the streets of this capital to denounce the U.S. invasion and Endara's economic policies.
Protesters echoed claims that 3,000 people were killed as a result of U.S. military action. Endara is noted for staging a public hunger strike to call attention to poverty and homelessness left in the wake of the Noriega years and destruction caused by the U.S. invasion. He visited then U.S. President George Bush, pressing for emergency relief aid and cooperative measures to curtail the Panamanian narcotics trade. He is credited with restoring confidence in the banking industry, reducing unemployment, and to addressing narcotrafficking and violent crime. His administration has faced criticism of influence by wealthy businessmen and the U.S. On February 10, 1990, the Endara government abolished Panama's military and reformed the security apparatus by creating the Panamanian Public Forces.
Endara later distanced himself from the party due to differences of opinion with party leader Mireya Moscoso. He ran in the 2004 Panamanian presidential election as the candidate of the Solidarity Party.
He finished second to Martín Torrijos. Recently, he founded his own political party Fatherland's Moral Vanguard Party.
Since Noriega's ouster, Panama has had three presidential elections, with candidates from opposing parties succeeding each other in the Palacio de las Garzas. In 1990, the party was renamed the Arnulfista Party in its longtime leader's honor. Party members had been called "Arnulfistas" for many years. It lost the 1994 presidential elections to the Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD) administration of Ernesto Pérez Balladares, acting as the main opposition party before regaining the presidency in 1999 under Mireya Moscoso. In 1994, a constitutional amendment permanently abolished the military of Panama. The Arnulfista Party party changed its name back to the old Panameñista Party in 2005. It is Panama's second largest political party with over 250,000 members. At the last legislative elections, 2 May 2004, the party won 19.2 % of the popular vote and 17 out of 78 seats. In presidential elections held the same day, its candidate, José Miguel Alemán, finished a poor third, with 16.4% of the vote.
Presidential and parlimentary elections will be held in Panama on May 3, 2009. Juan Carlos Varela is the candidate of the Panameñista Party, which is in talks with the Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement on an alliance. The incumbent Democratic Revolutionary Party is in electoral alliance talks with the Liberal Party and the People's Party; its candidate is former Housing Minister Balbina Herrera. Manuel Noriega has said that he took refuge in Herrera's house when US soldiers were seeking to capture him; she has marched in demonstrations against George Bush when he visited Panama. Supermarket tycoon Ricardo Martinelli is the candid. te of the opposition Democratic Change, allied with the Patriotic Union Party. Guillermo Endara ran as the official candidate for his Fatherland's Moral Vanguard Party.
12th Dec 08