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محقق ایرانی، الهیات شیعه و سیاستمدار اصلاح طلب. | An Iranian scholar, Shia theologian, and Reformist politician.
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سید محمد خاتمی (زادهٔ ۲۱ مهر ۱۳۲۲، سیاست‌مدار و دانش‌پژوه روحانی و پنجمین رئیس‌جمهور ایران است که طی دو دوره بین سال‌های ۱۳۷۶ تا ۱۳۸۴ این مسئولیت را عهده‌دار بود. وی سومین فرزند سید روح‌الله خاتمی است. روز پیروزی او در انتخابات (دوم خرداد) با کسب بیش از ۲۰ میلیون رای و حدود هفتاد درصد آراء به نامی برای جنبش اصلاح‌طلبی داخلی در ایران بدل شد. وی توسط بسیاری به عنوان رهبر اصلاحات ایران شناخته می‌شود. خاتمی همچنین مبدع طرحی به نام «گفتگوی تمدن‌ها» بود که شهرت جهانی یافته و با نام او شناخته می‌شود. سازمان ملل متحد نیز سال ۲۰۰۱ میلادی را بر اساس این طرح، سال گفتگوی تمدن‌ها نامگذاری کرد. خاتمی هم اکنون عضو شورای عالی مرکز تحقیقات استراتژیک مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام می‌باشد.

 

در انتخابات ریاست جمهوری سال ۱۳۷۶، خاتمی به عنوان نماینده اصلاح طلبان داخلی شرکت کرد. رقیب اصلی وی علی اکبر ناطق نوری بود، و نامزدهای دیگر در آن انتخابات رضا زواره‌ای و محمد محمدی ری‌شهری بودند. بر خلاف بسیاری از پیش‌بینی‌ها، خاتمی با اختلاف بیش از ۱۳ میلیون رأی با نفر قبل پیروز شد و حدود هفتاد درصد آراء را از آن خود نمود. در این انتخابات ۷۹٫۹۳ درصد واجدین شرایط (۲۹٬۱۴۵٬۷۵۴ نفر) شرکت کردند و خاتمی ۲۰ میلیون رأی آورد.

 

اتهامات وسیعی مبنی بر مخالفت وی با مبانی اسلام و انقلاب توسط جناح محافظه کار منتشر شد تا جائیکه جامعه مدرسین حوزه علمیه قم طی بیانیه‌ای؛ رای دادن به ناطق نوری را وظیفه شرعی و الهی خود نامید.

 

انتخاب او در ۲ خرداد ۱۳۷۶، دوره جدیدی در سیاست ایران بود و جنبشی که از دل این قضیه آغاز شد، معمولاً «جنبش دوم خرداد» نامیده می‌شود. این در ضمن اولین انتخابات رقابتی پس از پایان جنگ ایران و عراق بود. پیش از آن خامنه‌ای و هاشمی رفسنجانی هر کدام دوبار با کسب اکثریت آرا به ریاست جمهوری انتخاب شده بودند. خاتمی در سال ۱۳۸۰ و انتخابات ۱۸ خرداد نیز پس از حدس و گمانه‌های مختلفی در مورد عدم شرکتش، شرکت کرد. او خود علت شرکتش را «میل مردم» می‌دانست.

 

منبع

 

 

ENG:

 

Seyyed Mohammad Khatami (Persian: سید محمد خاتمی‎; born 29 September 1943) is an Iranian scholar, Shia theologian, and Reformist politician. He served as the fifth President of Iran from 2 August 1997 to 3 August 2005. He also served as Iran's Minister of Culture in both the 1980s and 1990s. He is currently one of the leaders of the Iranian Green Movement, and an outspoken critic of President Ahmadinejad's government.

 

Hitherto little known, Khatami attracted global attention during his first election to the presidency when he captured almost 70% of the vote. Khatami had run on a platform of liberalization and reform. During his two terms as president, Khatami advocated freedom of expression, tolerance and civil society, constructive diplomatic relations with other states including those in the Asia and European Union, and an economic policy that supported a free market and foreign investment.

 

Khatami is known for his proposal of Dialogue Among Civilizations. The United Nations proclaimed the year 2001 as the United Nations' Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations, on Khatami's suggestion.

 

On 8 February 2009, Khatami announced that he would run in the 2009 presidential election. On 16 March, he announced he was withdrawing from the race in favor of his long-time friend and adviser, former Prime Minister of Iran, Mir-Hossein Mousavi.

 

In October 2009, the award committee of the Global Dialogue Prize declared Dariush Shayegan and Mohammad Khatami as joint winners of the inaugural award, "for their work in developing and promoting the concept of a 'dialogue among cultures and civilizations' as new paradigm of cultural subjectivity and as new paradigm of international relations." The Global Dialogue Prize is one of the world's most significant recognitions for research in the Humanities, honoring "excellence in research and research communication on the conditions and content of a global intercultural dialogue on values". In January 2010, Mohammad Khatami stated that "he was not in the position to accept the award", and the prize was given to Dariush Shayegan alone.

 

A few months before presidential election which is going to be held in June, 2013, several reformist groups of Iran invited Khatami to attend in competition. The reformists also sent a letter to the Iran Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei in December 2012, regarding the participation of Khatami at the upcoming presidential election. Member of the traditional-conservative Islamic Coalition Party, Asadullah Badamchyan said that in their letter, the reformists asked the Supreme Leader to supervise the allowance of Khatami to participate in the upcoming election. Former mayor of Tehran, Gholamhossein Karbaschi announced: "Rafsanjani may support Khatami in presidential election".

 

<. trong>Khatami himself said that he still waits for the positive changes in the country, and will reveal his decision when the time is suitable.

 

source

13th November 08

updated: 2013-04-06

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