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Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

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سیاستمدار و استاد دانشگاه ایرانی است که از. | An Iranian politician, the main political leader of the Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran.
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محمود احمدی‌نژاد (۶ آبان ۱۳۳۵) سیاستمدار و استاد دانشگاه ایرانی است که از ۱۳۸۴ تا ۱۳۹۲، ششمین رئیس جمهوری اسلامی ایران و از ۱۳۸۲ تا ۱۳۸۴ شهردار تهران بود. او در آرادان، گرمسار به دنیا آمد و در یک سالگی به همراه خانواده به تهران مهاجرت کرد. در سال ۱۳۵۴ برای تحصیل در مهندسی راه و ساختمان وارد دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران شد. پس از انقلاب ۱۳۵۷، به عنوان نماینده علم و صنعت در جلسات انجمن‌های اسلامی دانشگاه‌ها شرکت می‌کرد. احمدی نژاد تحصیلات خود را در این دانشگاه تا اخذ دکترای مهندسی عمران ادامه داد و در ۱۳۶۸ به عضویت هیات علمی دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران درآمد. در دوران دهه شصت فرمانداری ماکو و خوی را بر عهده داشت. در ۱۳۷۲ به عنوان اولین استاندار اردبیل منصوب شد و تا ۱۳۷۶ این سمت را بر عهده داشت. در سال ۱۳۷۹ برای نمایندگی ششمین دوره مجلس شورای اسلامی از تهران نامزد شد که پیروز نشد. در ۱۳۸۲ او به عنوان شهردار تهران برگزیده شد و در این موقعیت در انتخابات نهم ریاست جمهوری ایران شرکت کرد و در ۳ تیر ۱۳۸۴ در دور دوم از این دوره با کسب ۱۷ میلیون رأی در انتخابات ریاست جمهوری، پیروز شد. وی ششمین رئیس جمهور ایران بعد از انقلاب ۱۳۵۷ می‌باشد. دورهٔ اول ریاست جمهوری او همزمان با پایان کار دولت نهم در ۱۲ مرداد ۱۳۸۸ پایان یافت. احمدی‌نژاد در ۱۳۸۸، در پی انتخاباتی مناقشه برانگیز با ۲۴ میلیون و ۵۹۷ هزار رأی پیروز اعلام شد. در ۱۳۹۲، حسن روحانی با وعده بهبود شرایط کشور و تغییر سیاست‌های اقتصادی، سیاست خارجی و فرهنگی جانشین احمدی نژاد شد.

 

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Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Persian: محمود احمدی‌نژاد‎, Mahmūd Ahmadinezhād), born 28 October 1956) is an Iranian politician who was the sixth President of Iran from 2005 to 2013. He was also the main political leader of the Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran, a coalition of conservative political groups in the country.

 

An engineer and teacher from a poor background, Ahmadinejad joined the Office for Strengthening Unity after the Iranian Revolution. Appointed a provincial governor, he was removed after the election of President Mohammad Khatami and returned to teaching. Tehran's council elected him mayor in 2003. He took a religious hard line, reversing reforms of previous moderate mayors. His 2005 presidential campaign, supported by the Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran, garnered 62% of the runoff election votes, and he became President on 3 August 2005.

 

During his presidency, Ahmadinejad was viewed as a controversial figure within Iran, as well as internationally. He has been criticized domestically for his economic policies and alleged disregard for human rights. Internationally he is criticized for his hostility towards some countries, most notably Israel, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In 2007, Ahmadinejad introduced a gas rationing plan to reduce the country's fuel consumption, and cut the interest rates that private and public banking facilities could charge. He supports Iran's nuclear program. His election to a second term in 2009 was widely disputed and caused widespread protests domestically and drew significant international criticism.

 

During his second term, Ahmadinejad came under fire not from reformers but from traditionalists in parliament and the Revolution Guard, and even from Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei over alleged corruption, Ahmadinejad's dismissal of Intelligence minister Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Eje'i, and his support for his controversial close adviser Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei. On 14 March 2012, Ahmadinejad became the first president of the Islamic Republic of Iran to be summoned by the Islamic Consultative Assembly (parliament) to answer questions regarding his presidency. Limited to two terms under the current Iranian constitution, Ahmadinejad. supported Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei's campaign for president. On 15 June 2013, Hassan Rouhani was elected as Ahmadinejad's successor and assumed office on 3 August 2013.

 

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20th October 2008

updated: 2013-10-19

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