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Laura Chinchilla Miranda

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Una politóloga y política costarricense. La 46° Presidente de la República de Costa Rica. | The first and current female President of Costa Rica.
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Biography

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ESP:

 

Laura Chinchilla Miranda (San José, 28 de marzo de 1959) es una politóloga y política costarricense. Fue elegida el 7 de febrero de 2010 como Presidente de la República de Costa Rica para un período de cuatro años que inició el 8 de mayo de 2010. Fue postulada por el Partido Liberación Nacional. Es la primera mujer costarricense elegida para ese cargo desde que se permitió el voto femenino en 1949, y la quinta mujer en América Latina en ser elegida presidente. Ha sido evaluada como la peor presidenta de Latinoamérica en dos años consecutivos debido a la gran impopularidad de su gobierno ante los costarricenses (sólo 12% de aprobación).

 

Vida política

Dentro de su trayectoria en el sector público destaca su gestión como Viceministra de Seguridad Pública (1994 - 1996) y Ministra de Seguridad Pública (1996 - 1998). Ha sido además Presidenta del Centro de Inteligencia Conjunto Antidrogas, Presidenta del Consejo Nacional de Migración, miembro del Consejo Nacional de Drogas, del Consejo Nacional de Seguridad y del Consejo Académico de la Escuela Nacional de Policía.

 

En la Asamblea Legislativa, sus áreas de interés son: reforma judicial, seguridad pública (policía, narcotráfico, crimen organizado, etc.), reforma político-institucional (reforma del Estado y reforma Electoral), comercio exterior, tecnología, y niñez y juventud.

 

Gobierno 2006-2010

Después de una dura campaña, logró llegar a ser la vicepresidenta con el Partido Liberación Nacional y con Óscar Arias Sánchez como candidato presidencial. Ella y Kevin Casas Zamora quedaron como primer y segundo vicepresidentes, respectivamente, siendo parte del gabinete al mando del Dr. Óscar Arias Sánchez en el cargo de Ministra de Justicia y Gracia. El Segundo Vicepresidente Kevin Casas Zamora renunció a su cargo el 22 de septiembre de 2007.

 

Candidatura a la presidencia

El 8 de octubre de 2008, Laura Chinchilla renuncia a la Vicepresidencia y al puesto de Ministra de Justicia en el gobierno del Dr. Arias Sánchez. El sábado 10 de octubre del 2008, y luego de que el Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones retirara formalmente sus credenciales como Vice-Presidente, Chinchilla anuncia en los medios de comunicación su legítimo deseo de aspirar a la Presidencia de Costa Rica, y su pre-candidatura por el Partido Liberación Nacional.

 

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ENG:

 

Laura Chinchilla Miranda (born 28 March 1959) is a Costa Rican politician and the first female President of Costa Rica. She was one of Óscar Arias Sánchez's two Vice-Presidents and his administration's Minister of Justice. She was the governing PLN candidate for President in the 2010 general election, where she won with 46.76% of the vote. She is the sixth woman to be elected president of a Latin American country and the first woman to become president of Costa Rica. She was sworn in as president of Costa Rica on May 8, 2010.

 

Personal life

Chinchilla was born in Carmen Central, San José in 1959. Her father was Rafael Ángel Chinchilla Fallas (a former comptroller of Costa Rica) and her mother was Emilce Miranda Castillo. She married Mario Alberto Madrigal Díaz on 23 January 1982 and divorced on 22 May 1985. She had a son, José María Rico Chinchilla, in 1996 with José María Rico Cueto, a Spanish lawyer who also holds Canadian citizenship; Chinchilla married him on 26 March 2000.

 

Political career

Chinchilla graduated from the University of Costa Rica and received her master's degree in public policy from Georgetown University. Prior to entering politics, Chinchilla worked as an NGO consultant in Latin America and Africa, specializing in judicial reform and public security issues. She went on to serve in the José María Figueres Olsen administration as vice-minister for public security (1994–1996) and minister of public security (1996–1998). From 2002 to 2006, she served in the National Assembly as a deputy for the province of San José.

 

Chinchilla was one of two vice-presidents elected under the second Arias administration (2006–2010). She resigned the vice-presidency in 2008 in order to prepare her run for the presidency in 2010. On 7 June 2009 she won the Partido Liberación Nacional (PLN) primary with a 15% margin over her nearest rival, and was thus endorsed as the party's presidential candidate.

 

Presidency

Chinchilla's Partido Liberación Nacional is a member of the Socialist International, whose motto is the promotion of "progressive politics for a better world."

 

The British Foreign and Commonwealth minister with responsibility for Central America, Baroness Kinnock, applauded Chinchilla's election as the first female President of Costa Rica. Kinnock also praised Chinchilla for stating her continued support for the forward thinking approach by the previous government in working to combat climate change and said that the UK would continue to work with Costa Rica on this important issue in 2010.

 

Laura Chinchilla's political platform emphasized anti-crime legislation in response to Costa Rica's growing concerns over safety. She is also expected to give continuity to the current government's pro-free trade policies. She is considered a social conservative. She opposes gay marriage, but has stated publicly the need for a l. gal frame to provide fundamental rights to same-sex couples. She supports maintaining the country's prohibition of abortion under most circumstances.

 

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May 2, 2011

updated: 2013-05-28

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