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Joachim Gauck

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Der elfte Bundespräsident Deutschlands seit 2012. | A former German Lutheran pastor and anti-communist activist. The current President of Germany.
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Biography

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GER:

 

Joachim Gauck (* 24. Januar 1940 in Rostock) ist der elfte Bundespräsident der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zuvor war er als evangelisch-lutherischer Pastor und Kirchenfunktionär, Volkskammerabgeordneter für Bündnis 90, Bundesbeauftragter für die Stasi-Unterlagen sowie als Publizist tätig. Am 18. März 2012 wählte ihn die Bundesversammlung mit großer Mehrheit zum Bundespräsidenten; am 23. März wurde er vereidigt. Gauck gehört keiner Partei an.

 

Er leitete die Vorbereitung und Durchführung der beiden evangelischen Kirchentage 1983 und 1988 in Rostock. Während der friedlichen Revolution (Wende) in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik wurde Gauck ein führendes Mitglied des Neuen Forums in Rostock. Am 18. März 1990 wurde er in die Volkskammer der DDR und von dieser am 21. Juni 1990 zum Vorsitzenden des Sonderausschusses zur Kontrolle der Auflösung des ehemaligen MfS/AfNS gewählt.

 

Gauck war ab dem 3. Oktober 1990 erster Leiter der Stasi-Unterlagen-Behörde (zeitweise auch „Gauck-Behörde“ genannt), die den Nachlass des Staatssicherheitsdienstes verwaltet und zugänglich macht. Nachdem ihn im Oktober 2000 Marianne Birthler abgelöst hatte, engagierte sich Gauck gesellschaftspolitisch mit Vorträgen und Medienaktivitäten, so etwa von 2003 bis 2012 als Vorsitzender der Vereinigung „Gegen Vergessen – Für Demokratie“. Er ist einer der Initiatoren der Prager Erklärung und der Erklärung über die Verbrechen des Kommunismus. Gauck wurde mehrfach für Verdienste und Publikationen geehrt und ausgezeichnet (siehe unten).

 

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ENG:

 

Joachim Gauck born 24 January 1940 in Rostock) is the President of Germany, serving since March 2012. A former Lutheran pastor, he came to prominence as an anti-communist civil rights activist in East Germany.

 

During the Peaceful Revolution, he was a co-founder of the New Forum opposition movement in East Germany, which contributed to the downfall of the Soviet-backed dictatorship of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED). In 1990 he served as a member of the only freely elected People's Chamber for the Alliance 90. Following German reunification, he was elected by the Bundestag as the first Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Archives, serving from 1990 to 2000. As Federal Commissioner, he earned recognition as a "Stasi hunter" and "tireless pro-democracy advocate," exposing the crimes of the former communist secret police.

 

He was nominated as the candidate of the SPD and the Greens for President of Germany in the 2010 election, but narrowly lost to Christian Wulff, the candidate of the government coalition. His candidacy was met by significant approval of the population and the media; Der Spiegel described him as "the better President" and the Bild called him "the president of hearts." After Christian Wulff had stepped down, Gauck was elected President with 991 of 1228 votes in the Federal Convention in the 2012 election, as a nonpartisan consensus candidate of the CDU, the CSU, the FDP, the SPD and the Greens.

 

A son of a survivor of a Soviet Gulag, Gauck's political life was formed by his own family's experiences with totalitarianism. Gauck was a founding signatory of the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism, together with Václav Havel and other statesmen, and the Declaration on Crimes of Communism. He has called for increased awareness of communist crimes in Europe, and for the necessity of delegitimizing the communist era. He is the author and co-author of several books, including The Black Book of Communism. His 2012 book Freedom. A Plea calls for the defense of freedom and human rights around the globe. He has been described by Chancellor Angela Merkel as a "true teacher of democracy" and a "tireless advocate of freedom, democracy, and justice." The Wall Street Journal has described him as "the last of a breed: the leaders of protest. movements behind the Iron Curtain who went on to lead their countries after 1989." He has received numerous honours, including the 1997 Hannah Arendt Prize.

 

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18 Oktober 2012

updated: 2013-12-12

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