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Jiang Zemin

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中国共产党前领导人之一。 | A retired Chinese politician. Was the General Secretary of the CPC from 1989 to 2002.
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Biography

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中文简介:

 

江泽民(1926年8月17日),江苏扬州人,祖籍安徽旌德县江村,通晓揚州話、普通話英語、德语和罗马尼亚语,大学学历,中國政治人物,曾担任中国共产党中央委员会总书记、中华人民共和国主席、中国共产党中央军事委员会主席及中华人民共和国中央军事委员会主席。中国共产党将江泽民定位为第三代中央领导集体核心。

 

江泽民祖籍安徽省旌德县江村(属安徽省宣城市,曾属徽州地区。),1926年8月17日,出生于中华民国江苏江都县城内田家巷,祖父江石溪任大达内河轮船公司驻扬州协理。生父江世俊是江石溪的长子。江泽民在兄弟姐妹中排行第三,有大哥江泽君、二姐江泽芬、妹妹江泽南(泽兰)和弟弟江泽宽。1939年江泽民的六叔江上青,擔任中國共產黨皖东北特委委员,殉難无子,只有2个女儿江泽玲和江泽慧,于是将江泽民过继给已经去世的江上青。

 

退出政壇

2002年的中共十六大,江泽民从中共中央政治局常委会的最高权力位置中退下,其中共中央总书记一职由「第四代」班子胡锦涛接任。至2003年的第十届全国人大,胡再继任国家主席,而江则留任中央军事委员会主席,在第十六届中共中央政治局常委的九名成员中,其中吴邦国、贾庆林、曾庆红、黄菊、吴官正和李长春六人与江关系密切,有评论认为他们形成了「上海帮」。

 

2004年9月19日中共十六届四中全会前,江泽民请求辞去中国共产党中央军事委员会主席职务,并由中共十六届四中全会审议通过。2005年3月8日十届人大三次会议决定接受江辞去中华人民共和国中央军事委员会主席一职。3月13日,胡锦涛就任中央军委主席。至此,江澤民从“正面”退出中國政壇。

 

此后直至2007年,江泽民仍然担任了若干届全国人大主席团成员和中共十七大主席团主要成员,参与各次党代表和人大会议。江泽民大部分时间住在上海,其公寓在上海交通大学附近。2006年8月10日,《江泽民文选》(三卷)出版。

 

2008年3月,江泽民在上海交通大学《学报》(2008年第3期)上发表学术论文《对中国能源问题的思考》;同年10月,又在同一刊物上发表了题为《新时期我国信息技术产业的发展》的论文(2008年第10期)。

 

2009年9月,在庆祝中华人民共和国成立60周年前夕,新华社再次以“党和国家领导人”称呼江泽民。 江泽民退休之后仍然活跃在政坛,在重大集会场合如汶川地震追悼,北京奥运会,建国六十周年纪念,玉树地震追悼等等,江泽民与胡锦涛等第四代领导人仍然同时出现,排名仅次于胡锦涛。

 

2011年10月9日上午10时许,辛亥革命100周年纪念大会在北京人民大会堂举行。江泽民与其他在任的九位中央政治局常委共同出席了纪念大会。

 

资料来源:新华网

 

 

ENG:

 

Jiang Zemin (born 17 August 1926) is a retired Chinese politician who served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989 to 2002, as President of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003, and as Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 1989 to 2005. His long career and political prominence have led to him being described as the "core of the third generation" of Communist Party leaders.

 

Jiang Zemin came to power following the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, replacing Zhao Ziyang as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China. With the waning influence of Deng Xiaoping and the other members of Eight Elders due to old age — and with the help of old and powerful party and state leaders, former President Li Xiannian and Chen Yun — Jiang effectively became the "Paramount Leader" in the 1990s. Under his leadership, China experienced substantial developmental growth with reforms, saw the peaceful return of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom and Macau from Portugal, and improved its relations with the outside world while the Communist Party maintained its tight control over the government. Jiang has been criticized for being too concerned about his personal image at home, and too conciliatory towards Russia and the United States abroad.

 

Current activity

In 2011, Jiang has been subject to internet rumors of his death, as he was absent from public events such as the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party. As a response, Chinese censors to block searches for the words "Jiang Zemin", or even simply "Jiang". On 6 July Hong Kong media carried headlines that Jiang was "critically ill", while TV station ATV reported that Jiang had died in Beijing. State news agency Xinhua, quoting "authoritative sources", declared that overseas media reports of Jiang's death were "pure rumor".

 

On 9 October 2011,。Jiang made his first public appearance since his premature obituary in Beijing at a celebration to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Xinhai Revolution.

 

source

6th November 08

updated: 2013-01-23

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