ஜெ. ஜெயலலிதா (பிறப்பு: பிப்ரவரி 24, 1948) தமிழக முதல்வரும், அரசியல் தலைவரும், பிரபல முன்னாள் தென்னிந்தியத் திரைப்பட நடிகையும் ஆவார். தமிழ்நாடு, திருச்சிராப்பள்ளி மாவட்டம் ஸ்ரீரங்கம் எனும் ஊரை பூர்வீகமாக கொண்ட இவர், கர்நாடக மாநிலம் பெங்களூருவிலிருந்து மைசூர் செல்லும் நெடுஞ்சாலையில் அமைந்துள்ள மேல்கோட்டை எனும் கிராமத்தில் பிறந்தவர்.
Jayalalithaa Jayaram (born 24 February 1948), commonly referred to as Jayalalitha, is the Chief Minister of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. She was a popular film star in Indian cinema before her entry into politics, having appeared in many Tamil and Telugu films, as well as produced in Hindi and Kannada. She is the incumbent general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK). She is called Amma ('Mother') and sometimes Puratchi Thalaivi ('Revolutionary Leader') by her followers.
Although there have been claims that Jayalalithaa was introduced to politics by M.
G. Ramachandran, she has denied this. She was a member of the Rajya Sabha elected from Tamil Nadu during the period of 1984–89. Soon after the death of Ramachandran, Jayalalithaa proclaimed herself as his political heir. She is the second elected female Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
Jayalalithaa, was born into a Tamil family on 24 February 1948, at Melukote, in Pandavapura taluk of Mandya district, Mysore State (now Karnataka). Mysore kingdom as a surgeon, and the prefix Jaya (the victorious) was added to the names of various of her family members to reflect their association with Maharaja Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar of Mysore. Her mother called her Komalavalli.
Her grandfather was in the service of the then
In 1983, she became Propaganda Secretary for the party and was also selected as AIADMK candidate in the by-election for the Tiruchendur Assembly constituency. She was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly in 1989 as a representative of the Bodinayakkanur (State Assembly Constituency). This election saw the Jayalalithaa-led faction of the AIADMK win 27 seats and Jayalalithaa became the first woman to be elected Leader of the Opposition. The Jayalalithaa-led AIADMK lost power in the 1996 elections, when it won 4 of the 168 seats that they contested.
In March 2002 Jayalalithaa assumed the position of Chief Minister once more, having been acquitted of some charges by the Madras High Court.
This cleared the way for her to contest a mid-term poll to the Andipatti constituency, after the elected representative for the seat, gave up his membership. Winning the election by a handsome margin.
In April 2011 the AIADMK was part of a 13-party alliance that won the 14th state assembly elections. Jayalalithaa was sworn in as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for the third time on 16 May 2011, having been elected unanimously as the leader of the AIADMK party subsequent to those elections. On 19 December 2011, Jayalalithaa expelled her long-time close aide Sasikala Natarajan and 13 others from the AIADMK. Most of the party members welcomed her decision, and on 2 February 2012, Tehelka magazine claimed that Natarajan and some of her relatives were conspiring to kill her by poisoning . er food over a period of time. The matter was resolved by 31 March, when Natarajan was reinstated as a party member after issuing a written apology.
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