HRV: Ivo Sanader (Split, 8. lipnja 1953.), hrvatski političar, osmi predsjednik Vlade Republike Hrvatske.
Ivo Sanader rođen je 8. lipnja 1953. u Splitu. Živio je u religioznoj radničkoj obitelji s troje braće i sestrom. Imovinski skormna obitelj Sanaderovih nije si mogla priuštiti školovanje četiri dijeteta te je stoga Ivina majka zamolila rektora splitske Nadbiskupske klasične gimnazije da primi Ivu na školovanje.
Pruženu priliku Ivo je iskoristio i iskazao se kao odličan učenik. Po svršetku gimnazijskog školovnja odlazi u Rim na studij filozofije. No, ubrzo uviđa kako mu se tamo baš i ne sviđa te se vraća u Split. Nakon povratka u rodni Split upoznaje svoju buduću suprugu Mirjanu s kojom će se 1978. i vjenčati. Nakon vjenčanja mladi bračni par odlazi u Innsbruck (Austrija) na studij gdje upisuje komparativnu književnost i romanistiku. Diplomirao je 1982. na temu Nazor o svijetu u kazališnom djelu Jeana Anouilha.
Nakon završetka studija bračni par Sanader vraća se u Hrvatsku. Po povratku Ivo prvi posao pronalazi u marketinškom odjelu Dalmacijaturista. No, tu nije ostao zadugo.
Pronalazi novo radno mjesto u nakladničkoj tvrtki Logos gdje se zapošljava na radnom mjestu programskogu urednika 1983. Pet godina kasnije (1988.) postaje glavni i odgovorni urednik Logosa. U to vrijeme radi na uređivanju časopisa Mogućnosti. Karijeru u nakladničkoj kući prekida iznenadni otkaz. Sanader odlazi u Austriju gdje osniva dvije privatne tvrtke. Iz Austrije surađuje s magazinom Start koji je u to doba bio veoma popularan. Sanader je tada bio uposlen u agenciji Meyer Press s kojom je Start dogovorio nabavke materijala. 1990. godine u Austriji osniva ogranak HDZ-a, te ostvaruje prve kontakte s Franjom Tuđmanom.
Po povratku u Hrvatsku, Ivo Sanader postao je intendant Hrvatskog narodnog kazališta u Splitu (1991. - 1992.).
Na izborima u kolovozu 1992. izabran je za zastupnika u Zastupničkom domu Sabora Republike Hrvatske, međutim ulazi u vladu Hrvoja Šarinića u kojoj obnaša dužnost ministra znanosti i tehnologije. No, unatoč svojoj funkciji bavi se uglavnom pregovorima s međunarodnim mirovnim posrednicima. Dužnost ministra obnaša do 7. siječnja 1993., kada postaje zamjenik ministra vanjskih poslova. Tu je dužnost obnašao do 1995. godine, ali i u razdoblju od 1996. do 2000. Od 1995. do 1996. obnašao je dužnost predstojnika Ureda Predsjednika Republike Hrvatske i glavnog tajnika Vijeća obrane i nacionalne sigurnosti (VONS).
Dolazak na čelo HDZ-a
Na 5. Općem saboru HDZ-a 2000. izabran je za predsjednika stranke nasljedivši na tom mjestu Franju Tuđmana. Sanader je iste godine izabran za zastupnika u Hrvatskom saboru, a u tom sazivu obnašao je i dužnost potpredsjednika Odbora za vanjsku politiku.
Godine 2001. na prosvjedu na splitskoj rivi, održanom u znak podrške Mirku Norcu, hrvatskom generalu optuženom za ratne zločine, Sanader se istaknuo kao vođa domoljubne hrvatske opcije. Kasniji njegovi potezi po pitanju ratnih zločina i suradnje sa Međunarodnim sudom za ratne zločine počinjene na području bivše Jugoslavije demantirali su njegove žustre riječi izrečene na splitskoj rivi.
Nakon što je njegova stranka HDZ pobijedila na parlamentarnim izborima 2003. godine, 9. prosinca ga je predsjednik Republike Hrvatske predložio za premijera, te je Hrvatski sabor njegov prijedlog izglasao s 88 glasova (od ukupno 152).
Nakon održanih parlamentarnih izbora 2007. godine, njegova stranka dobila je pojedinačno najviše zastupnika u novom sazivu Hrvatskog sabora te mu je predsjednik Republike Hrvatske Stjepan Mesić 15. prosinca, nakon obavljenih konzultacija s predsjednicima parlamentarnih stranaka, dao mandat za sastavljanje nove Vlade Republike Hrvatske. 11. siječnja 2008. Hrvatski sabor je izglasao povjerenje novoj Vladi.
Dana 1. srpnja 2009. podnio je ostavku na mjesto premijera i sve stranačke dužnosti. Hrvatski sabor prihvatio je njegovu ostavku 2. srpnja 2009, a dužnosti predsjednika Vlade Republike Hrvatske razrješen je 6. srpnja. 4. siječnja 2010. njegovo ime je izbrisano sa popisa članova HDZ-a.
Oženjen je Mirjanom Sanader s kojom ima dvije kćerke. Supruga radi na Odjelu za arehologiju Filozofskog fakulteta u Zagrebu. Jedan brat Ive Sanadera je svećenik, drugi je prosvjetni radnik, dok je sestra redovnica. Zanimljivo je spomenuti kako je Sanaderova baka sestra Ante Topića Mimare. Objavio je i dvije knjige: I ružičasto je crno, te Fenomen parfema. U suradnji s Antom Stamaćem sastavio je U ovom strašnom času: antologija suvremene hrvatske ratne lirike, koja je kasnije prevedena na desetak jezika. Član je Društva hrvatskih književnika i Hrvatskog centra P.E.N.-a.
Govori četiri strana jezika: engleski, francuski, njemački i talijanski.
ENG: Ivo Sanader (born 8 June 1953 in Split) is a Croatian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Croatia from 2003 to 2009.
Early life, education and family life
After completing his high school education, Sanader moved to Rome to pursue higher education in philosophy. He soon realized that he did not like the academic environment there very much. Following his return from Rome he met his future spouse, Mirjana, whom he married in 1978. After their wedding, Ivo and Mirjana left Split for Innsbruck. His wife studied archaeology, while Ivo studied comparative literature and Romance languages at the University of Innsbruck. The young couple was accompanied, while studying in Innsbruck, by Ivo’s younger brother Miro who also lived and studied in Innsbruck. During that time, Sanader also reported for the Zagreb sport newspaper Sportske novosti. In 1982, Sanader graduated, and returned to Croatia (then Yugoslavia) with his wife. He found a job in the marketing department of Dalmacijaturist, however he did not stay very long. He found his next job at the publishing house Logos in 1983 where he was employed as a program editor. In 1988, he became a chief editor and at one time he was working on the organization of the magazine Mogućnost. His career at the publishing house was later terminated suddenly. At that time, his wife also received a notice of termination from her workplace. Sanader then decided to return to Austria with his family. There he founded two unsuccessful private businesses. One favorable thing for him was that he never lost touch with his homeland while in Austria. Sanader achieved a PhD in Romance languages and comparative literature from Innsbruck University in Austria. Apart from his native Croatian, he is fluent in English, German, French, and Italian, as well as basic communication in Spanish, Czech, and Greek.
Sanader as Prime Minister
The Sanader government's main foreign goal was Croatia's entry into the European Union and NATO. As a result of the successful implementation of the Association Agreement - signed with the European Union in 2001 - Croatia did become an official candidate for entry into the EU.
Sanader's HDZ also sought to establish better relations with minority parties and to promote minority rights. Amongst other factors contributing to the positive opinion of the European Commission and the European Council regarding Croatia's bid to become an EU member were Croatia's cooperation with the ICTY, continued economic growth and the country's compliance with political and economic criteria established by the 1993 Copenhagen European Council.
In October 2005, following the formal start of EU accession negotiations, opinion polls showed Sanader to be the most popular Croatian politician.
Croatia was expected to complete negotiations with the EU in 2009, which would have been about halfway through Sanader's term had he never resigned. However, the negotiations were stalled for 10 months due to Slovenia's blockade of Croatia's EU accession in December 2008.
As Prime Minister, Sanader had close relations with other moderate conservative politicians in Europe: including former Austrian Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel, former Bavarian Prime Minister Edmund Stoiber, Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel, and Irish prime minister Bertie Ahern.
Owing in part to the global recession that set in during Sanader's term, Croatia's economic growth stalled and foreign direct investments slowed down. While displaying symptoms of economic decline shared by larger nations, Croatia's decline during Sanader's term was amplified in comparison with the fortunes of Serbia and next door Montenegro - who gained greater investments due to major reforms. Under Sanader, judicial reforms in Croatia stopped and the land registry issue was not resolved. Over 1.3 million court cases (in a country of 4.1 million people) were yet to be resolved when Sanader resigned.
The cabinet saw some curious changes during Sanader's term, notably the departure of the foreign minister Miomir Žužul who was accused of conflict of interest. Furthermore, Sanader's government was challenged by the rising tide of Euroscepticism in the country.
Nearly ten cabinet members were tainted by allegations of corruption and Sanader's unexplained wealth was not investigated by Croatian authorities.
Resignation and withdrawal from politics
On 1 July 2009, Sanader announced his resignation as the Prime Minister of Croatia and President of Croatian Democratic Union, as well as his complete withdrawal from all active politics, adding that he does not intend to return. At his press conference in Zagreb, Sanader remarked, "There is always a time in life for a new beginning. Such a moment has come and now it's time for others to take over." According to BBC News, the announcement "came as a surprise", as Croatian media had quite recently named Sanader as a potential candidate for the 2010 presidential election. Sanader announced that his prime minister-designate would be deputy Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor. The Parliament of Croatia accepted his resignation on 2 July 2009 and informed the President of the Republic.
Return to politics and ejection from HDZ
On 3 January 2010, contrary to his earlier statements (July 1, 2009), Sanader announced he would be returning to a more active role in politics, stating that his decision to withdraw was a mistake, and that the HDZ is a "winning party and not a party that wins 12% of the vote", a remark made in connection with the first round of the presidential election held one week before. He was supported by a dozen HDZ MPs, including Luka Bebić, but none of the members of the Government. Several of those MPs later disclaimed any association with Sanader and claimed they were misled.
On 4 January 2010, following an entire day of meetings of HDZ leadership, Ivo Sanader was ejected from the Croatian Democratic Union. Of 22 members of the party presidency, 16 voted for ejection, three were against (Luka Bebić, Mario Zubović and Damir Polančec) and two abstained (Bianca Matković and Petar Selem). Sanader himself was not present at the meeting.
The biggest affair that has hindered Sanader as Prime Minister was a mostly tabloid-fueled affair regarding his collection of wrist watches. He reportedly possesses a collection of wrist watches worth in excess of €150,000. Former Minister of Justice Vesna Škare-Ožbolt in the Sanader government was the one who reported Sanader to a resolution council for conflict of interests. Škare Ožbolt stated that Prime Minister Sanader hadn’t reported a collection of expensive wrist watches in his assets.
Nacional, an independent political weekly, carried out an investigative report on Sanader which showed that he was a part of two bankrupt businesses in Austria, received bribe in 1995 and 1996 from a tycoon amounting to 800,000 DEM.
Sanader was also accused by Ivan Drmić, a former member of Croatian Democratic Union, for framing the presidential election at the 5th convention of the Croatian Democratic Union. Spokesman for the Croatian Democratic Union Ratko Maček said such accusations "belong in the anthology of political stupidity."
In July 2006, Sanader was named in the "Verona Affair", accused by the opposition in the Croatian parliament for fixing the sale o. pharmaceutical company Pliva to Barr Pharmaceuticals from the US. Such accusations against Sanader have been denied, and they were never proven.