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Guntis Ulmanis

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Latviešu politiķis. | A Latvian politician. Was the fifth President of Latvia from 1993 to 1999.
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Biography

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Guntis Ulmanis (agrāk Guntis Rumpītis; dzimis 1939. gada 13. septembrī Rīgā) ir latviešu politiķis. Viņš bija pirmais Latvijas Valsts prezidents pēc valsts neatkarības atjaunošanas laikā no 1993. līdz 1999. gadam. Politikā ienāca kā Latvijas Zemnieku savienības biedrs, galvenokārt tādēļ, ka ir pēdējā pirmskara Latvijas prezidenta Kārļa Ulmaņa brāļa mazdēls. Pēc ilga pārtraukuma atsāka politisko darbību 2010. gadā, kad kļuva par apvienības "Par Labu Latviju" valdes priekšsēdētāju un no tās saraksta tika ievēlēts 10. Saeimā.

 

Politiskā darbība

1992. gadā G. Ulmanis iestājās Latvijas Zemnieku savienībā un no tās saraksta 1993. gada jūnijā tika ievēlēts par 5. Saeimas deputātu. Tā paša gada 7. jūlijā Saeima ievēlēja G. Ulmani par Latvijas Valsts prezidentu trešajā balsošanas kārtā. Pēc ievēlēšanas viņš pārtrauca aktīvu darbību partijā, bet kļuva par LZS goda priekšsēdētāju. 1996. gada 18. jūnijā viņu atkārtoti ievēlēja par Latvijas Valsts prezidentu jau pirmajā balsošanas kārtā. Amatā bijis līdz 1999. gada 7. jūlijā, kad notika Vairas Vīķes-Freibergas inaugurācija.

 

Pēc prezidentūras beigām ilgu laiku aktīvi politikā neiesaistījās. 2001. gadā G. Ulmanis izstājās no Latvijas Zemnieku savienības. 2009. gadā atbalstīja partijas "Jaunlatvija" dibināšanu, taču pats nekļuva par tās biedru. 2010. gada 12. jūnijā kļuva par apvienības "Par Labu Latviju" valdes priekšsēdētāju un no tās saraksta tika ievēlēts 10. Saeimā. Nevienā no apvienību veidojošajām partijām bijušais Valsts prezidents neiestājās un 2011. gadā pameta apvienības valdes priekšsēdētāja amatu.

 

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Guntis Ulmanis (born on September 13, 1939) is a Latvian politician and was the fifth President of Latvia from 1993 to 1999.

 

Early life

Guntis Ulmanis was born in Riga on September 13, 1939. His grandfather was the brother of then-President and Prime Minister Kārlis Ulmanis. In 1941, Guntis Ulmanis and his family were exiled to Krasnoyarsk Oblast, Siberia, Russian SFSR. In 1946, he came back to Latvia, but his family was not allowed to settle in Riga and so they stayed in Ēdole, Kuldīga area, Latvian SSR.

 

In 1949, the remainder of the Ulmanis family was supposed to be exiled again, but Guntis Ulmanis was able to avoid that fate, as his mother remarried and his surname was changed to Rumpītis. They then moved to Jūrmala, where he went to school. After graduating, he entered the economic faculty of the Latvian State University.

 

Political career

In 1992 he was appointed Council Member of the National Bank of Latvia. He also joined the Peasant Union of Latvia the same year. In 1993 the Saeima elected him as the 5th President of Latvia. In 1996, he was re-elected in the first round of elections, defeating Saeima speaker Ilga Kreituse, Imants Liepa and former Communist Party chairman Alfrēds Rubiks, who was in jail at the time. Guntis Ulmanis' term finished in 1999 and he was succeeded by Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga. He retired from politics but became a social activist, founding the Guntis Ulmanis Fund, organizing the 2006 IIHF World Championship in Riga and heading the Riga Castle reconstruction council.

 

2010 marked a return to big politics for Guntis Ulmanis. He became the chairman of the newly-created party alliance For a Good Latvia, which was composed of the People's Party and Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way. The alliance won only 8 seats in the October 2010 parliamentary election. However, Ulmanis became a Saeima deputy. In 2011 he announced he did n. t want to run for another term as deputy in the 2011 election. He therefore ceased being a deputy in November 2011, after the 11th Saeima was inaugurated.

 

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October 28, 2010

updated: 2013-06-09

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