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Guillermo Endara

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Fue un político, abogado y 39º presidente de Panamá. | Was the President of Panama from 1989 to 1994. Died in 2009.
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Biography

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ESP:

 

Guillermo David Endara Galimany (ciudad de Panamá, 12 de mayo de 1936 - Idem 28 de septiembre de 2009) fue un político, abogado y 39º presidente de Panamá quien gobernó desde 1989 hasta 1994. Fue el primer presidente que asumió tras el fin del régimen militar, desmantelado luego de la invasión estadounidense de 1989.

 

Últimos años

Después de las elecciones de 2004 renunció al Partido Solidaridad y formó un nuevo partido político llamado Vanguardia Moral de la Patria con varios seguidores y algunos ciudadanos y fue uno de los candidatos para volver a la presidencia de República de Panamá en las elecciones generales de mayo de 2009. A mediados de enero de 2009 intentó aliarse con el Partido Panameñista, pero pocos días después fracasaron las negociaciones. Posteriormente el Partido Panameñista se uniría con el partido Cambio Democrático, unificando a casi todos los partidos de oposición bajo la candidatura de Ricardo Martinelli, con la excepción del partido de Endara, que insistió en no unirse a dicha coalición.

 

El partido del ex Presidente no consiguió la cuota para sobrevivir políticamente y quedó en un último lugar, causando su retiro de la política. El 27 de junio fue hospitalizado debido a una insuficiencia renal. Unos días después es dado de alta, pero falleció el 28 de septiembre de 2009 en su domicilio quedando en la historia como el Padre de la democracia Panameña.

 

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ENG:

 

Guillermo David Endara Galimany (May 12, 1936 – September 28, 2009) was President of Panama from 1989 to 1994. Raised in a family allied to Panameñista Party founder Arnulfo Arias, Endara attended school in exile in the United States and Argentina following Arias's removal from power. Endara later received a law degree in Panama. He subsequently served as a member of Panama's National Assembly, and briefly as a government minister before heading into exile again following Arias' third overthrow.

 

After Arias' death in 1988, Endara became a leading opponent of the Manuel Noriega military dictatorship, heading the opposition coalition in the 1989 presidential election. Though his coalition was judged by international observers as having defeated pro-Noriega candidate Carlos Duque, the results were annulled by the government, and Endara and his running mates were attacked in the streets by the paramilitary Dignity Battalions. The assaults received widespread coverage in international media, helping to build support within the U.S. for military action against Noriega. Seven months later, the United States invaded Panama, and swore in Endara as the new president on the first night of the invasion on a U.S. military base.

 

During his presidency, Endara abolished the Panamanian military and replaced it with a national police force. Endara's term saw steady economic growth and a return of democratic institutions, but also high unemployment rates. His administration was marked by internal fighting and corruption scandals, and his popularity plummeted. He was succeeded by opposition candidate Ernesto Pérez Balladares on September 1, 1994.

 

Endara ran for office again in 2004 and 2009, but lost to Democratic Revolutionary Party party candidate Martin T. rrijos and to independent candidate Ricardo Martinelli. He died of a heart attack on September 28, 2009, several months after his last campaign.

 

source

November 26, 2009

updated: 2013-06-28

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