Páirtí polaitíochta i bPoblacht na hÉireann is ea é Fine Gael. Faoi láthair, is príomh-pháirtí an rialtais é agus is é an páirtí is mó sa tír freisin. Fuair an páirtí 36.1% de na vótaí agus 76 suíochán dála in Olltoghchán 2011. De réir mar a mhaíonn an páirtí féin, tá thart ar 37,000 duine ina mbaill d'Fhine Gael ar fud na tíre.
Téann stair Fhine Gael siar go dtí laethanta an Chogaidh Chathartha, ach níor tháinig an páirtí ar an bhfód faoin ainm sin roimh an mbliain 1933, nuair a chuaigh an Lár-Pháirtí Náisiúnta, Cumann na nGaedheal agus na Léinte Gorma le chéile. Inniu, dearcann Fine Gael air féin mar pháirtí forásach láir, ach is iad na páirtithe daonlathacha Críostaí na cinn is cosúla leis i mór-roinn na hEorpa. Tá an páirtí ag tacú go láidir le ballraíocht na hÉireann san Aontas Eorpach, agus é ag cur in aghaidh Phoblachtánachas na láimhe láidire go tréan.
Polasaí i dTaobh na Gaeilge
Bhí baint áirithe ag Fine Gael leis an Language Freedom Movement nuair a bhí an ghluaiseacht sin ag cur in aghaidh na "Gaeilge éigeantaí", rud a tharraing míchlú áirithe frith-Ghaeilgeoireachta ar an bpáirtí. In Earrach na bliana 2006, d'éiligh Éanna Ó Cionnaith, ceannaire an pháirtí, go maolófaí ar stádas na Gaeilge sna scoileanna. Is í an chiall a bhain gluaiseacht na Gaeilge as an gcineál sin cainte ná gurbh é seandúchas an pháirtí ó laethanta an LFM a tháinig chun solais arís. Leanadh den pholasaí seo go dtí an bhliain 2011, ainneoin gan tacaíocht aon fhianaise a bheith ag an impleachtaí an pholasaí dar leo.
Fine Gael (meaning Family or Tribe of the Irish) is a centre-right to centrist political party in the Republic of Ireland. It is the largest party in Ireland in the Oireachtas, in local government, and in terms of Members of the European Parliament. The party has a membership of over 35,000, and is the senior partner governing in a coalition with the Labour Party, with the Fine Gael party leader Enda Kenny serving as Taoiseach. Enda Kenny has led the party since 2002.
Fine Gael was founded on 8 September 1933 following the merger of its parent party Cumann na nGaedheal, the National Centre Party and the National Guard (popularly known as the "Blueshirts", a name still used colloquially to refer to the party). Its origins lie in the struggle for Irish independence and the pro-Treaty side in the Irish Civil War, identifying in particular Michael Collins as the founder of the movement.
Fine Gael is sometimes considered to be more on the political right in comparison to its main rival, Fianna Fáil (although evidence from expert surveys, opinion polls and candidate surveys all fail to identify strong distinctions between the two parties). But Fine Gael has never governed Ireland without the Labour Party, a social-democratic party on the centre-left of Irish politics. Fine Gael describes itself as a "party of the progressive centre" conforming strongly to the ideals of Christian democracy and compassionate centrism, and is often seen as being moderate on social issues but conservative as regards economics. The party lists its core values as equality of opportunity, fiscal rectitude, free enterprise and reward, individual rights and responsibilities. It is strongly in favour of the European Union and opposed to physical force republicanism. The party's youth wing, Young Fine Gael, was formed in 1977, and has approximately four thousand members. Fine Gael is a founding member of the European People's Party and a member of the Centrist Democrat International.
Leader: Enda Kenny, TD
Founder: W. T.
Cosgrave, Frank MacDermot, Eoin O'Duffy
Deputy leader: James Reilly, TD
Founded: 8 September 1933
Merger of: Cumann na nGaedheal, Nat. onal Centre Party, National Guard
Youth wing: Young Fine Gael
Ideology: Christian democracy, Pro-Europeanism, Liberal conservatism, Social conservatism