Europe of Freedom and Democracy (EFD) is a Eurosceptic political group in the European Parliament. Formed after the European parliamentary election in 2009, it is mostly made up of elements of the now-defunct Independence/Democracy and Union for a Europe of Nations groups from the outgoing parliament.
The group is a coalition of ten political parties – the largest being the UK Independence Party with eleven seats and the Italian Northern League, with nine seats – along with one independent. EFD is the most hostile to European integration among the groups in the European Parliament. It is considered to belong to the right-wing to far-right part of the political spectrum.
Formal name: Europe of Freedom and Democracy Group
Ideology: Euroscepticism, Nationalism,Conservatism, National conservatism
Founded: 1 July 2009 (de facto)
Chairmen: Nigel Farage (UKIP), Francesco Speroni (LN)
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