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Edén Pastora

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Un antiguo guerrillero, político y militar nicaragüense. | A Nicaraguan politician and former guerrilla leader.
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Biography

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ESP:

 

Edén Atanacio Pastora Gómez, mejor conocido como Edén Pastora (Metapa, actual Ciudad Darío, departamento de Matagalpa; 1936) es un antiguo guerrillero, político y militar nicaragüense.

 

Fue uno de los más connotados líderes militares de la guerrilla del Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (de la tendencia "Tercerista" antes de la Unidad), organizador y ejecutor como Comandante Cero de la toma del Palacio Nacional de Managua el 22 de agosto de 1978 junto a comandante uno Hugo Torres y la Comandante dos Dora María Téllez. Durante la lucha insurreccional contra Somoza dirigió las operaciones en el Frente Sur "Benjamín Zeledón" que enfrentaron a los guerrilleros del FSLN con las tropas élites de la Guardia Nacional.

 

Tras el triunfo de la Revolución Sandinista le fue otorgado el grado honorífico de Comandante Guerrillero y el grado militar Comandante de Brigada en el naciente EPS y ocupó por un tiempo el cargo de viceministro de Defensa y Jefe Nacional de las Milicias Populares Sandinistas (MPS), antes de romper con el Frente Sandinista y fundar en el exilio en Costa Rica el grupo antifrentista ARDE (Alianza Revolucionaria Democrática).

 

Dragado del río San Juan de Nicaragua

En octubre de 2010, dirigió las obras de dragado del río San Juan de Nicaragua, iniciadas por Nicaragua. Recibiendo fuertes críticas por parte del Gobierno de la República de Costa Rica, aludiendo que el gobierno nicaragüense, junto con sus tropas armadas, se infiltró en territorio Costaricense, y depositando sedimentos en el lado tico afectando áreas protegidas. Edén Pastora, negó las acusaciones y continuó con el dragado. Por estas razones, Costa Rica ha presentado una demanda en contra del Gobierno de Nicaragua, acusándolo por su obvia intromisión en territorio costarricense utilizando sus fuerzas armadas, comandadas por Edén Pastora.

 

fuente

 

 

ENG:

 

Edén Atanacio Pastora Gómez (born in Ciudad Darío January 22, 1937) is a Nicaraguan politician and former guerrilla who ran for president as the candidate of the Alternative for Change (AC) party in the 2006 general elections. In the years prior to the fall of the Somoza regime, Pastora was the leader of the Southern Front, the largest militia in southern Nicaragua, second only to the FSLN (Sandinista National Liberation Front) in the north. Pastora was nicknamed Comandante Cero ("Commander Zero").

 

His group was the first to call itself "Sandinistas", and was also the first to accept an alliance with the FSLN, the group that was to become more popularly identified by the name. At the end of 1982, a few years after the revolutionary victory, Pastora became disillusioned with the government of the FSLN, and formed the Democratic Revolutionary Alliance (ARDE) with the object of confronting the "pseudo-Sandinistas" politically and militarily.

 

As of 2010, he is reconciled with the FSLN and holds a ministerial post in the government of Daniel Ortega. His role in a boundary dispute with Costa Rica and allegations of environmental damage to territory claimed by that country has led to legal indictment by the government of Costa Rica.

 

Personal

Pastora had three failed marriages. Lamenting about the interpersonal strains that occur in the life of a revolutionary, Pastora said: "The first thing we revolution. ries lose is our wives. The last thing we lose is our lives. In between our women and our lives, we lose our freedom, our happiness, our means of living."

 

source

12th Dec 08

updated: 2013-06-29

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