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Daniel Ortega Saavedra

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Un político nicaragüense, presidente de ese país desde 2007 y líder del FSLN. | A Nicaraguan politician, the current President of Nicaragua.
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José Daniel Ortega Saavedra (La Libertad, 11 de noviembre de 1945 - ) es un político nicaragüense, presidente de ese país desde 2007 y líder del Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN).


Durante su vida ha sido uno de los líderes más importantes del Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN), formó parte del directorio que se hizo cargo del poder al triunfo de la Revolución Sandinista que derrotó la dictadura que la familia Somoza venía manteniendo en el país, con apoyo de Estados Unidos, desde 1934.


Fue el jefe de estado anteriormente, en el período de 1985 hasta 1990 cuando el FSLN perdió las elecciones ante la Unión Nacional Opositora (UNO), una coalición de 14 partidos opuestos al FSLN, que llevó a la presidencia a Violeta Chamorro, y más adelante en 1996 y 2001, siendo derrotado nuevamente. En las elecciones presidenciales del 5 de noviembre de 2006 fue electo como presidente de Nicaragua.


En las elecciones presidenciales celebradas el 6 de noviembre de 2011 el FSLN, partido con el cual se presenta Daniel Ortega, obtiene el resultado que lo mantiene en el poder por otra legislatura más. El FSLN obtuvo más del 62% de los votos emitidos mientras que el Partido Liberal Independiente, PLI, no llegó a completar el 31% seguidos ya a mucha distancia por el Partido Liberal Constitucionalista, PLC, obtuvo algo más del 6%. Los demás partidos no llegaron a alcanzar el 1% de los votos.







José Daniel Ortega Saavedra (orn 11 November 1945) is a Nicaraguan politician who has been President of Nicaragua since January 2007; previously he was President from 1985 to 1990. A leader in the socialist Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, FSLN), his policies in government have seen the implementation of leftist reforms across Nicaragua.


Born into a working-class family, from an early age Ortega opposed ruling President Anastasio Somoza Debayle, widely recognized as a dictator, and became involved in the underground movement against his regime. Joining the Sandinistas, he also travelled to Cuba to receive training in guerilla warfare from Fidel Castro's Marxist-Leninist government. After the Nicaraguan Revolution resulted in the overthrow and exile of Somoza's government, Ortega became President ruling multipartisan Junta of National Reconstruction. During this period Ortega ruled with the help of Castro government and unpopular policies, suppression, and forced removal of 150,000 Indians on the Atlantic coast led to a bloody civil war between the Sandinista government and the rebel Contras. Ortega held suppressed election, winning and serving from 1985 to 1990.  A Marxist-Leninist, and guided by the Castro regime, his first period in office was characterized by a controversial program of forced removal, nationalization, land reform, wealth redistribution and literacy programs. U.S.'s governing Reagan administration funded the opposing rebel groups the Contras.


Ortega was defeated by Violeta Barrios de Chamorro in the 1990 presidential election, but he remained an important figure in Nicaraguan opposition politics, gradually moderating in his political position from Marxism-Leninism to democratic socialism. He was an unsuccessful candidate for president in 1996 and 2001, before winning the 2006 presidential election. He has made alliances with fellow Latin American socialists, such as the late Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez. He has also . igned up Nicaragua to the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas. Ortega was re-elected president with a vote on November 6 and confirmation on November 16, 2011.



12th Dec 08

updated: 2013-06-29

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