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Chandra Shekhar

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चन्द्रशेखर सिंह | Was the eighth Prime Minister of India. Died in 2007.
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Biography

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चन्द्रशेखर सिंह (जन्म 1 जुलाई, 1927 - मृत्यु 8 जुलाई, 2007) भारत के नौवें प्रधानमन्त्री थे।

 

प्ररम्भिक जीवन

उनका जन्म १९२७ में पूर्वी उत्तरप्रदेश के बलिया जिले के इब्राहिमपट्टी का एक कृषक परिवार में हुआ था। उन्हौने एम ए डिग्री इलाहाबाद विश्वविद्यालय से किया। उन्हें विद्यार्थी राजनीति में एक "फायरब्रान्ड" के नाम से जाना जाता था। विद्यार्थी जीवन के पश्चात वह समाजवादी राजनीति में सक्रिय हुए।

 

राजनैतिक जीवन

१९६२ से १९६७ तक वह भारत के ऊपरी सदन राज्य सभा के सदस्य थे। उन्होंने १९८४ में भारत की पदयात्रा की, जिससे उन्होंने भारत को अच्छी तरह से समझने की कोशिस की। इस पदयात्रा से इन्दिरा गांधी को थोड़ी घबराहट हुई।

 

उन्होंने पहले का नेता विश्वनाथ प्रताप सिंह के राजीनामा के बाद जनता दल से कुछ नेता लेकर समाजवादी जनता पार्टी स्थापना की। उनकी सरकार को भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस ने चुनाव ना करने के लिए समर्थन करने के बाद उनका छोटा बहुमत का सरकार बन गया। उन का कांग्रेस से सम्बन्ध बाद मे कांग्रेस ने उनको नेता राजीव गांधी का सुराकी करने के आरोप के कारण से बदल गया। कांग्रेस ने उनके सरकार को सहयोग नकारने के बाद उन्होंने ६० सांसद के समर्थन के साथ इस्तीफा घोषणा कर दी।

 

प्रधान मन्त्री के पद में ७ महीने तक रहे चन्द्रशेखर मार्च ६, १९९१ में राजीनामा किया। उन्होंने लेकिन राष्ट्रीय चुनाव तक प्रधानमन्त्री का पद संभाला। चन्द्रशेखर उनके संसदीय वार्तालाप के लिए बहुत चर्चित थे। उन्हे १९९५ में आउटस्ट्यांडिंग पार्लिमेन्टेरियन अवार्ड भी मिला था।

 

चन्द्र शेखर भारत के निचले सदन लोक सभा के सदस्य थे। उन्होंने यहाँ समाजवादी जनता पार्टी (राष्ट्रीय) का नेतृत्व किया था। १९७७ से उन्होंने लोक सभा की निर्वाचन ८ बार उत्तर प्रदेश के बल्लिया क्षेत्र से जीता था। उन्होंने १९८४ मे इन्दिरा गांधी की बडी समर्थन के समय में ही एक बार चुनाव हारा था।

 

शेखरजी को मल्टिपल मायलोमा, एक प्रकार का प्लाज्मा कोष क्यान्सर हुवा था। ३ मई, २००७ को उनको इस रोग ने गंभीर अवस्था में अस्पताल में भर्ती किया गया। उनकी अवस्था बिगड्ती गयी और आखिर में जुलाई ८ में नई दिल्ली में अस्पताल में उनका देहावसान हो गया।

 

स्रोत

 

 

ENG:

 

Chandra Shekhar Singh (17 April 1927 – 8 July 2007) was the eighth Prime Minister of India.

 

Early life

Chandra Shekhar Singh was born in a Hindu Rajput farming family on 17 April 1927 in Ibrahimpatti, a village in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. He was awarded a Master of Arts degree at Allahabad University. He was known as a firebrand in student politics. After graduation, he became active in socialist politics. He was married with Duja Devi.

 

Political career

He joined the socialist movement and was elected secretary of the district Praja Socialist Party (PSP), Ballia. Within a year, he was elected joint secretary of the PSP’s State unit in Uttar Pradesh. In 1955–56, he took over as general secretary of the party in the State. His career as a parliamentarian began with his election to the Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh in 1962. He came under the spell of Acharya Narendra Dev, a fiery Socialist leader in the beginning of his political career. From 1962 to 1967, Shekhar belonged to the Rajya Sabha, the Upper house of the Parliament of India. He had a nationwide padayatra in 1983 to know the country better, which he claimed gave the jitters to Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister. He was called a "Young Turk".

 

Chandra Shekhar was a prominent leader of socialists. He joined Congress in 1964. From 1962 to 1967, he was a member of the Rajya Sabha. He first entered the Lok Sabha in 1967. As a member of the Congress Party, he vehemently criticised Indira Gandhi for her activities. This led to a split in the Congress in 1975. Chandrashekhar was arrested during the emergency and sent to prison.

 

After the emergency, he became the President of Janata Party. In the parliamentary elections, Janata Party did very well and formed the coalition government headed by late Morarji Desai. In 1988, his party merged with other parties and formed the government under the leadership of V.P. Singh. Again his relationship with the coalition deteriorated and he formed another party, Janata Dal socialist faction. With the support of Congress (I) headed by Rajiv Gandhi, he replaced V.P. Singh as the Prime Minister of India in November 1990.

 

Death

Chandra Shekhar suffered from multiple myeloma, a form of cancer of the plasma cell. He had been hospitalised for over three months by the date of his death, aged 80, in New Delhi on 8 July 2007. He was survived by two sons. One of them, Neeraj Shekhar contested and won the Ballia Lok Sabha which was vacated through his father's death. He was survived by two sons. and one grandson. His elder son Pankaj Shekhar is well known public figure and the grandson Shashank Shekhar is a prominent lawyer practicing in London.

 

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19th November 09

updated: 2013-05-05

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