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Bo Xilai

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photo 薄熙来

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前中国政治家。 | Former Chinese politician. Was the Secretary of Chongqing Committee of CPC from 2007 to 2012.
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Biography

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中文简介: 

 

薄熙来(1949年7月3日-),中国山西省定襄县人,1949年出生于北平市,1979年毕业于北京大学历史系,1980年加入中国共产党。先后历任大连市市长、大连市市委书记、辽宁省省长、商务部部长、中共重庆市委书记等职。曾任第十七届中共中央政治局委员。薄熙来是中共元老之一薄一波的儿子,跟習仲勛之子、中央政治局常委習近平一樣,被視為「太子黨」成員。在擔任重慶市市委書記期間,由於“唱紅打黑”运动、“共富”理念等构成的「重慶模式」而聲名大噪,被广泛认为是中共第五代领导层的热门人选。2012年3月15日,薄熙來被解除重慶市委書記職務,同年4月10日被暂停中国共产党中央委员和政治局委员的职务,并接受中共中央纪委调查,成为六四事件后,继陈希同、陈良宇之后第三位因违反党纪下台的中央政治局委员。 

 

早期

薄熙来1968年毕业于北京市第四中学,1968年1月至1972年11月“文革”中进“学习班”,参加劳动。在文革期间,薄熙来是红卫兵组织“联动”成员,宣扬“老子英雄儿好汉,老子反动儿混蛋”的“血统论”。 1972年薄熙来成为北京市二轻局五金机修厂工人,后又在1978年2月考入北京大学历史系世界史专业本科学习。在研究生恢复招生之后,于1979年考入中国社会科学院研究生院。 1980年10月薄熙来加入中国共产党,1982年中国社会科学院研究生院毕业,获硕士学位。后历任中共中央书记处研究室、中共中央办公厅干部。

 

主政重庆

2007年10月当选中共中央政治局委员(第十六、十七屆中央委員,第十七屆中央政治局委員。);同年11月30日,接任中共重庆市委书记。

薄熙来在重庆政治时期,2008年当年的外商直接投资金额就成长了170%,达到27亿美元,从西部12省市的第6名跃升至第2名,2009年吸引40亿美元的外资,成为西部第1名。2008年重庆市的年经济成长率为14.3%。

他在重庆展开“重庆打黑除恶专项行动”,已经逮捕涉案人员多达3000人。但是随着打黑行动的深入,对打黑行动中存在问题的质疑声音也开始出现,主要集中在过程中法治思想不足和对保护网的深究力度不够等方面。部分媒体因此也呼吁薄熙来出面处理这类问题。

薄熙来任内掀起「唱红歌、读经典、讲故事、传箴言」的运动,并向各学校指定27首必教必唱的革命歌曲,又发布《毛泽东语录》等红色短讯,使重慶有「西紅市」的稱號。此举在社会上引起了支持者与反对者之间的争论。支持者如左派网站「乌有之乡」称赞其为「毛泽东思想在重庆回归」,甚至高呼「薄熙来精神万岁」。反对者则批评为「讲大话」、「讲套话」、「打政治算盘」、「愚民教育」、「文革遗毒」。

 

去职并接受调查

2012年2月9日,中国外交部發言人办公室表示,“重庆市副市长王立军于2月6日进入美国驻成都总领事馆,滞留1天后离开。有关部门正在对此进行调查。” 2012年2月15日美国之音报道称,王立军掌握中国政治局常委周永康与重庆市委书记薄熙來想整垮中国国家副主席习近平,不让他顺利接班的资料。 据海外传媒报道,3月7日,在召开的中共中央常委会议上,胡锦涛、温家宝、习近平、李克强均支持免除薄熙来职位的决定,但是该决定受到了周永康的抵制。在此之前,胡锦涛与温家宝与多名部长、省级领导、党内元老会面寻求支持免除薄熙来职位的决定,其中包括朱镕基、李鹏、李瑞环和乔石。2012年3月14日,温家宝在兩會记者招待会上公开要求重庆市委、市政府就王立军事件进行反思并吸取教训。2012年3月15日,即「兩會」結束後的第二天,中共中央决定薄熙來不再兼任重慶市市委書記、常委及委員職務,由国务院副总理张德江兼任重庆市委委员、常委、书记。 据海外媒体报道,薄熙来被停职后被中共中央办公厅警卫局限制在北京的住所内,面临一系列纪律调查,调查内容涉及腐败和滥用权力。其妻子薄谷开来则受到更为正式的拘留。薄熙来曾对一位友人表示:“我可以禁得起在腐败和政治上不服从这两方面的调查”,他还对其友人提到两人在“文革”时期坐过牢,并说“我们有什么苦没受过?” 2012年4月10日,中共中央决定停止薄熙来担任的中央政治局委员、中央委员职务,由中共中央纪律检查委员会对薄熙来立案调查。官方媒体新华社的发文称,公安机关对尼尔·海伍德(官方通报称“尼尔·伍德”)死亡案进行了复查,薄熙来妻子谷开来(官方通报中称其“薄谷开来”)与海伍德有经济利益矛盾,有证据证明海伍德死于他杀,谷开来和薄家勤务人员张晓军有重大作案嫌疑,二人涉嫌故意杀人犯罪,已被移送司法机关处理。

 

资料来源:新华网

 

 

ENG:

 

Bo Xilai (born 3 July 1949) is a Chinese politician. He came to prominence through his tenures as the mayor of the coastal economic hub of Dalian and then governor of Liaoning province. From 2004 to November 2007, he served as Minister of Commerce and in 2007 he was appointed head of the Communist Party's Chongqing branch. He was removed as Chongqing party chief in March 2012. The son of Bo Yibo, one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China, Bo Xilai is identified as one of the "princelings" in Chinese politics. He cultivated a casual and charismatic image in the media—a departure from the normally staid nature of Chinese politics. In Chongqing Bo became known for heavy-handed populism. He initiated a campaign against organized crime, increased spending on welfare programs, maintained consistent double-digit percentage GDP growth, and campaigned to revive Cultural Revolution-era "red culture." Bo's promotion of egalitarian values and the achievements of his "Chongqing model" made him the champion of the Chinese New Left, composed of both Maoists and social democrats disillusioned with the country's market-based economic reforms and increasing economic inequality. However, the perceived lawlessness of Bo's anti-corruption campaigns, coupled with concerns about his outsized personality, made him a controversial figure. Bo was considered a likely candidate for promotion to the nine-member Politburo Standing Committee in 2012. His political fortunes came to an abrupt end in large part because of the Wang Lijun incident, in which his top lieutenant and police chief sought asylum at the American consulate in Chengdu. In the fallout, Bo was removed as Chongqing party chief in March 2012 and suspended from the politburo the following month. 

 

Early life

Bo Xilai was the fourth child of prominent Communist Party member, Bo Yibo, who served as Minister of Finance in the early years of the People's Republic of China but who fell from favor in 1965 for supporting open trade with the West. When the Cultural Revolution began in 1966, Bo Yibo was labeled a "rightist" and a "counterrevolutionary" and purged from the party. He spent the ensuing twelve years in prison, where he was reportedly tortured. His wife, Hu Ming, was abducted by Red Guard in Guangzhou, and was either beaten to death or committed suicide. Bo Xilai was 17 years old when the Cultural Revolution began, and at the time attended the prestigious No. 4 High School in Beijing — one of the best in the country. In the early years of the Cultural Revolution, Bo is reported to have been an active member of the liandong Red Guard organization and may have at one point denounced his father.

 

As the political winds of the Cultural Revolution shifted, Bo and his siblings were either imprisoned or sent to the countryside, and Bo Xilai was locked up for five years. After the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, the members of the Gang of Four were officially blamed for the chaos of the Cultural Revolution, and Bo's family was released. Bo Yibo was politically rehabilitated, and in 1979 became vice premier. After his release, Bo Xilai worked at the Hardware Repair Factory for the Beijing Second Light Industry Bureau. He was admitted to the Peking University by public examination in 1977. Unlike many of his contemporaries in the Chinese leadership who studied engineering, Bo majored in world history. In his sophomore year, Bo enlisted in a Master's program in international journalism at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, graduating with a Master's degree in 1982. He joined the Communist Party in Octob。r 1980.

 

Political career

See more informations about the political activities of Bo Xilai here

 

source

2012-04-23

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