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Ahmed Zewail

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عالم كيميائي مصري و أمريكي الجنسية. | An Egyptian-American scientist and political scientist. In 1999 won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
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Biography

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أحمد حسن زويل عالم كيميائي مصري و أمريكي الجنسية حاصل على جائزة نوبل في الكيمياء لسنة 1999 لابحاثه في مجال الفيمتو ثانية . وهو أستاذ الكيمياء وأستاذ الفيزياء في معهد كاليفورنيا للتكنولوجيا.

 

نشأته وتعليمه

ولد أحمد حسن زويل في 26 فبراير 1946 بمدينة دمنهور، وفي سن 4 سنوات انتقل مع أسرته إلى مدينة دسوق التابعة لمحافظة كفر الشيخ حيث نشأ وتلقى تعليمه الأساسي. التحق بكلية العلوم بجامعة الإسكندرية بعد حصوله على الثانوية العامة وحصل على بكالوريوس العلوم بامتياز مع مرتبة الشرف عام 1967 في الكيمياء، وعمل معيداً بالكلية ثم حصل على درجة الماجستير عن بحث في علم الضوء.

 

سافر إلى الولايات المتحدة في منحة دراسية وحصل على الدكتوراه من جامعة بنسلفانيا في علوم الليزر. ثم عمل باحثاً في جامعة كاليفورنيا، بركلي (1974 - 1976). ثم انتقل للعمل في معهد كاليفورنيا للتكنولوجيا (كالتك) منذ 1976، وهي من أكبر الجامعات العلمية في أمريكا. حصل في 1982 على الجنسية الأمريكية. تدرج في المناصب العلمية الدراسية داخل جامعة كالتك إلى أن أصبح استاذاً رئيسياً لعلم الكيمياء بها، وهو أعلى منصب علمي جامعي في أمريكا خلفاً للينوس باولنغ الذي حصل على جائزة نوبل مرتين، الأولى في الكمياء والثانية في السلام العالمى.

 

الحياة الشخصية

يعيش البروفيسور زويل حالياً في سان مارينو، لوس أنجلوس. وهو أستاذ رئيسي لينوس باولنغ في الكيمياء الفيزيائية وأستاذ الفيزياء في كالتيك، وهو متزوج من السيدة ديما زويل (الفحام) وهي ابنة شاكر الفحام وتعمل طبيبة. تم تعيينه أخيراً كمبعوث علمي للولايات المتحدة لدول الشرق الأوسط.

 

مصدر

 

 

ENG:

 

Ahmed Hassan Zewail (Arabic: أحمد حسن زويل‎), (born February 26, 1946) is an Egyptian-American scientist, known as the "father of femtochemistry", he won the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on femtochemistry. He is the Linus Pauling Chair Professor Chemistry and Professor of Physics at the California Institute of Technology.

 

Birth and education

Ahmed Hassan Zewail, was born on February 26, 1946 in Damanhour, Egypt and was raised in Alexandria. His father Hassan assembled bicycles and motorcycles and later became a government official. His parents remained married for 50 years, until Hassan died on October 22, 1992.

 

He received a bachelor's and an MS degree from the University of Alexandria before moving from Egypt to the United States to complete his PhD at the University of Pennsylvania with advisor Robin Hochstrasser. While at the University of Alexandria he met his wife, Mervat. She accompanied him to the University of Pennsylvania. At the university, Ahmed completed his Ph.D. and they had their first child. He completed a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of California, Berkeley with advisor Charles B. Harris.

 

Political work

In June 4, 2009 his speech at Cairo University, US President Barack Obama announced a new Science Envoy program as part of a "new beginning between the United States and Muslims around the world." In January 2010, Ahmed Zewail, Elias Zerhouni, and Bruce Alberts became the first US science envoys to Islam, visiting Muslim-majority countries from North Africa to Southeast Asia.

 

When asked about rumors that he might contest the 2011 Egyptian presidential election, Ahmed Zewail said: "I am a frank man... I have no political ambition, as I have stressed repeatedly that I only want to serve Egypt in the field of science and die as a scientist."

 

During the 2011 Egyptian protests he announced his return to the country. Zewail said that he would join a committee for constitutional reform alongside Ayman Nour, Mubarak's rival at the 2005 presidential elections and a leading lawyer. Zewail was later mentioned as a respected figure working as an intermediary between the military regime ruling after Mubarak's resignation, and revolutionary youth groups such as the April 6 Youth Movement and young supporters of Mohamed ElBaradei.

 

Zewail City of Science and Technology

Zewail City of Science and Technology is a not-for-profit, independent institution of learning, research and innovation. The concept of the City was proposed in 1999 and its cornerstone laid on 1 January 2000. After many delays in its establishment, the 25 January 2011 revolution brought a revival to the project with an Egyptian Cabinet of Ministers’ decree on 11 May 2011. The project was labeled by the Cabinet a National Project of Scientific Renaissance and named the Zewail City of Science and Technology.

 

source

07.05.2011

updated: 2013-02-07

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