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Ahmad Zia Massoud

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Jabh-e Melli
photo احمد ضیاء مسعود

احمد ضیاء مسعود - for

سیاستمدار افغان، وی در حال حاضر رهبر جبهه ملی افغانستان می‌باشد. | An Afghan politician, leader of the National Front of Afghanistan (Jabh-e Melli).
 NO! احمد ضیاء مسعود

احمد ضیاء مسعود - against

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احمد ضیاء مسعود، سیاستمدار افغان، معاون اول سابق رئیس جمهور افغانستان و برادر احمدشاه مسعود، فرمانده نامدار آن کشور است. وی در حال حاضر رهبر جبهه ملی افغانستان می‌باشد.



او آموزش‌های ابتدایی را، در لیسه استقلال، که یک مکتب (مدرسه) فرانسوی در کابل است، به پایان رساند. مسعود، سپس برای ادامه تحصیل، وارد موسسه پلی تکنیک کابل شد، اما تحصیل در این مرکز را، پس از سه سال، در سال ۱۹۷۸ میلادی، رها کرد و به برادرش احمدشاه مسعود، در دره پنجشیر پیوست.


فعالیت نظامی

در فاصله سالهای ۱۹۷۸ تا ۱۹۸۱، او فرمانده مجاهدین افغان در قرارگاه پریان پنجشیر بود. فرمانده احمدشاه مسعود، احمدضیاء را در سال ۱۹۸۱ میلادی، به عنوان نماینده خاص حزب جمعیت اسلامی افغانستان در شهر پیشاور پاکستان، محل فعالیت احزاب هفتگانه مجاهدین، منصوب کرد. احمدضیاء مسعود، تا ماه آوریل سال ۱۹۹۲، زمان سقوط دولت دکتر نجیب الله و انتقال قدرت به مجاهدین، در این مقام باقی ماند. او در آن سال، توسط برهان الدین ربانی، رئیس دولت اسلامی افغانستان، به عنوان مشاور رئیس دولت انتخاب شد.



آقای مسعود، در سال ۲۰۰۱ میلادی، پس از سقوط طالبان و تشکیل دولت جدید افغانستان، از سوی حامد کرزی رئیس دولت انتقالی افغانستان، به عنوان سفیر این کشور در روسیه منصوب کرد. او در سال ۲۰۰۴، به فرمان رئیس جمهور، با حفظ سفارت افغانستان در روسیه، به عنوان سفیر غیرمقیم کشورش در ارمنستان، گرجستان و بلاروس نیز تعیین شد.


معاون رئیس جمهور

حامد کرزی نخستین رئیس جمهور منتخب افغانستان، در انتخابات ریاست جمهوری این کشور در سال ۲۰۰۵ میلادی، احمد ضیاء مسعود را به همراه کریم خلیلی، به عنوان معاونان خود معرفی کرد. آقای مسعود متاهل است و چهار فرزند، (سه دختر و یک پسر) دارد. همسر وی، دختر برهان الدین ربانی، رئیس جمهور پیشین افغانستان و عضو سابق مجلس نمایندگان این کشور است.







Ahmad Zia Massoud (born May 1, 1956) was the First Vice President of Afghanistan in the first elected administration of President Hamid Karzai, from December 2004 to November 2009. He is a younger brother of Ahmad Shah Massoud, the legendary resistance leader against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and against the Taliban. In late 2011, Ahmad Zia Massoud joined hands with major leaders in the National Front of Afghanistan which strongly opposes a return of the Taliban to power. The National Front is generally regarded as a reformation of the United Front (Northern Alliance) which with U.S. air support removed the Taliban from power in late 2001.


Ahmad Zia Massoud was born on May 1, 1956, in Muqur, which is in the Ghazni province of Afghanistan. He attended the Lycée Esteqlal in Kabul.In 1976, he was admitted to the Polytechnical University of Kabul where he studied for three years.Caught up in the tumultuous events in the country after the communist Saur Revolution he left the university and joined the mujahideen led by his brother Ahmad Shah Massoud in the Panjsher Valley north of Kabul.


Political career

In December 2001, after the fall of the Taliban regime, President Hamid Karzai named him ambassador to the Russian Federation under Vladimir Putin. In February 2004 Ahmad Zia's functions were extended to include the Republic of Armenia, and then in July of that year, Belarus, and Moldavia as well. On July 26, 2004, Karzai announced that he had chosen Ahmad Zia Massoud as his running mate over Defense Minister Mohammad Qasim Fahim in the October 9, 2004 presidential elections. While campaigning in the 2004 elections a bomb was detonated at a political rally of Massoud in the northern Afghan city of Feyzabad. Two people were killed but Massoud emerged unscathed.


After several political disputes between Ahmad Zia Massoud and Hamid Karzai, the two men parted ways. In the 2009 presidential elections Karzai ran on an election ticket with Mohammad Qasim Fahim instead. In December 2009 another bomb blast is believed to have targeted Ahmad Zia Massoud. He emerged unharmed while 8 people were killed and 40 wounded.


In late 2011, Ahmad Zia Massoud united major political anti-Taliban leaders in the National Front of Afghanistan which strongly opposes a return of the Taliban to power.The National Front retains significant military capabilities. U.S. Congressman Louie Gohmert wrote, "These leaders who fought with embedded Special Forces to initially defeat the Taliban represent over 60-percent of the Afghan people, yet are being entirely disregarded by the Obama and Karzai Administrations in negotiations."


In January 2012, Ahmad Zia Massoud, Abdul Rashid Dostum, leader of the Uzbek-dominated Junbish-i Milli; Haji Mohammad Mohaqiq, one leader of the Hazara Shia Hezb-e Wahdat and Amrullah Saleh, former director of the Afghan intelligence service NDS and leader of the Basij-e Milli, came together in a meeting with US congressmen in Berlin and signed a joint. declaration. He is running for Vice President of Afghanistan, as the First Deputy of Dr Zalmai Rassoul in the Afghan presidential election, 2014.



20th  November 09

updated: 2014-04-07

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