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Biography هشام قنديل

> Egypt > Politicians > Hesham Qandil
هشام قنديل هشام قنديل
هشام قنديل
مهندس مصري والموظفة المدنية السابقة. | An Egyptian engineer and former civil servant.
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هشام قنديل Biography

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هشام محمد قنديل (17 سبتمبر 1962) رئيس مجلس الوزراء المصري من 24 يوليو 2012 وحتى استقالته في 8 يوليو 2013 احتجاجا على أحداث دار الحرس الجمهوري،  بعد انقلاب 3 يوليو. شغل منصب وزير الموارد المائية والري منذ 21 يوليو 2011 بحكومة عصام شرف الثانية واستمر في حكومة كمال الجنزوري. كلفه محمد مرسي في 24 يوليو 2012 بتشكيل أول حكومة بعد توليه الرئاسة. في 3 يوليو 2013 صدر حكم نهائي بحبسه وعزله لعدم تنفيذه أمرا قضائيا. شغل العديد من المناصب المهمة، آخرها كبير خبراء الموارد المائية بالبنك الإفريقي للتنمية ، وشارك في أعمال مبادرة حوض النيل ، وعضو مراقب للهيئة المصرية –السودانية المشتركة لمياه النيل.

 

مسيرته

تخرج من كلية الهندسة بجامعة القاهرة سنة 1984، وحصل على درجتي الماجستير والدكتوراه من جامعتي يوتا ونورث كارولينا بالولايات المتحدة الأمريكية عامي 1988 و1993. التحق قنديل بالمركز القومي لبحوث المياه، ومُنح وسام الجمهورية من الطبقة الثانية في عام 1995. وتولى منصب مدير مكتب وزير الموارد المائية والري لشؤون مياه النيل خلال الفترة من 1999 حتى 2005. وعين كرئيس لقطاع مياه النيل.

 

التعاون الأفريقي

ساهم هشام قنديل في إنشاء المجلس الأفريقي للمياه ومرفق المياه الأفريقي. فتولى قيادة فريق العمل لإعداد خطة البنك الأفريقي لتنمية الموارد المائية والري بالقارة الأفريقية إلى جانب الإعداد والإشراف على تنفيذ مشروعات تنمية الموارد المائية في عدة دول أفريقية مثل أثيوبيا وتنزانيا وزامبيا ومالاوي وموزمبيق. وتقلد قنديل العديد من المناصب في بنك التنمية الأفريقي كان آخرها منصب كبير خبراء الموارد المائية بالبنك ورئيس قطاع النيل في البنك فضلا عن مشاركته في أعمال مبادرة حوض النيل.

 

قضية عمال طنطا للكتان

في 2005 بيعت شركة طنطا للكتان والزيوت للمستثمر السعودي عبد الإله الكحكي مقابل 83 مليون جنيه بعد أن كانت أصولها قد قُيّم في 1996 بما يعادل 211 مليون جنيه، وهو ما دفع عمال الشركة للاحتجاج والاعتصام ورفع دعاوي ضد الحكومة. في 21 سبتمبر 2011 قضت محكمة القضاء الإداري ببطلان خصخصة الشركة وعودتها لملكية الدولة، إلا أن الحكم لم ينفذ. في 17 أبريل 2013 وأثناء توليه رئاسة الوزراء أصدرت محكمة جنح الدقي حكمًا غيابيًا بسجن رئيس الوزراء سنة واحدة ودفع كفالة قيمتها 2000 جنيه وعزله من الوظيفة لامتناعه عن تنفيذ الحكم القضائي. صرحت رئاسة الوزراء أنها لم تكن تعلم عن القضية وأن الحكم صدر غيابا على صفة رئيس الوزراء لا على شخص قنديل. في 3 يوليو صدر حكم نهائي يؤيد حبس قنديل وعزله.

 

مصدر

 

 

ENG:

 

Hesham Mohamed Qandil (also spelled: Hisham Kandil, Arabic: هشام محمد قنديل‎) (born 17 September 1962) is an Egyptian engineer and civil servant who was Prime Minister of Egypt from 2012 to 2013. He was appointed prime minister by President Mohammed Morsi on 24 July 2012. Qandil previously served as minister of water resources and irrigation from 2011 to 2012. Reuters reported that Qandil was a politically independent senior public servant in the Morsi administration, but was not popularly considered to be a likely candidate for the position of prime minister. Qandil was Egypt's youngest prime minister since Gamal Abdel Nasser's appointment in 1954.

 

Early life and education

Qandil was born in 1962. He holds a bachelor's degree in engineering, which he obtained from Cairo University in 1984. Then he received a master's degree in irrigation and drainage engineering from Utah State University in 1988 and a PhD in biological and agricultural engineering with a minor in water resources from North Carolina State University in 1993.

 

Political career

After graduation, Qandil joined the Egyptian civil service in the Water Resources Department in 1985. From 1999 to 2005 he served as the office director for the minister of water resources. Qandil also held several positions. He participated in the work of the Nile Basin Initiative, and was an observer member of the Egyptian - Sudanese joint Nile water. He was also Chief of Water Resources, African Development Band, a position in which he worked for approximately 6 years (2004- early 2011). He returned to Egypt after the revolution to help build up the new country. In 2011, he was to be announced as the minister of water resources and the Nile Basin (as part of Essam Sharaf's second Cabinet). Qandil was the minister of water resources and irrigation when he obtained a PhD from North Carolina State University.

 

Prime Minister of Egypt

On 24 July 2012, Qandil was designated by Mohamed Morsi to be the prime minister of Egypt. His appointment was seen as unexpected by the Arab media, including The Majalla. On 2 August 2012, he took office as the new prime minister of the Arab Republic of Egypt. He formed a technocrat-dominated government, with a few political parties (FJP, AWT, ANA).

  • First Qandil Cabinet

The first cabinet of Egyptian Prime Minister Hesham Qandil was presented on 2 August 2012. Qandil was appointed by president Mohamed Morsi, after the resignation of military-named premier Kamal Ganzouri. The cabinet consist in 35 ministers. The composition of the government is formed by technocrats, the Islamist Freedom and Justice Party, moderate Al-Wasat Party and the salafist Renaissance Party.

  • Second Qandil Cabinet

On 6 January 2013, ten ministers in the first cabinet of Qandil were changed. The reshuffle included ministry of finance, ministry of local development, ministry of transportation, ministry of legal affairs and parliamentary councils, ministry of electricity, ministry of interior, ministry of supply and social affairs, ministry of environment, ministry of communications and ministry of civil aviation. After reshuffle, the number of the ministers who are member of the Freedom and Justice Party increased to eight in the cabinet.

  • Resignations

On 2 July 2013, five cabinet members resigned together; they were Hisham Zazou, the tourism minister, Atef Helmi, the communications and IT minister, Hatem Bagato, the state minister for legal and parliamentary affairs, Abdel Qawy Khalifa, the water minister, and Khaled Abdel Aal, the environment minister. Mohamed Kamel Amr, the foreign minister, resigned as well.

  • Dismissal

On 3 July 2013, an Egyptian appeals court endorsed a verdict dismissing Qandil of his duties and sentencing him to one year in prison for not executing a court ruling to re-nationalize the Tanta Flax and Oil Company. Subsequently, on the same day, President Morsi was removed from office and arrested by the Egyptian army, along with other leading Muslim Brotherhood figures. In late September 2013, the Cairo Misdemeanor Court endorsed the sentence against Qandil who could file appeal with the court of cassation.

 

source

2013-02-10

updated: 2013-10-18

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