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Biography محمد مرسى

> Egypt > Politicians > Freedom and Justice Party > Mohamed Morsi
محمد مرسى محمد مرسى
محمد مرسى
سياسي مصري. | An Egyptian politician.
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محمد مرسى Biography

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محمد محمد مرسي عيسى العياط وشهرته محمد مرسي (8 أغسطس 1951الرئيس الخامس لجمهورية مصر العربية والأول بعد ثورة 25 يناير ويعتبر أول رئيس مدني منتخب للبلاد. تم إعلان فوزه في 24 يونيو 2012 بنسبة 51.73 % من أصوات الناخبين المشاركين وتولى منصب رئيس الجمهورية رسميا في 30 يونيو 2012 بعد أداء اليمين الجمهوري. حتى عزلته قيادات القوات المسلحة في انقلاب 3 يوليو والذي جاء بعد مظاهرات للمعارضة. تولى رئاسة حزب الحرية والعدالة بعد تأسيسه بعد أن كان عضوا في مكتب إرشاد جماعة الإخوان المسلمين. ونائب سابق بمجلس الشعب المصري دورة 2000 - 2005.

 

توليه منصب رئاسة الجمهورية

في 30 يونيو 2012 تولى محمد مرسى منصب رئيس جمهورية مصر العربية بصفة رسمية حين قام بأداء اليمين الجمهوري أمام المحكمة الدستورية العليا بالقاهرة في حضور الرؤساء والقضاة. ثم توجه إلى جامعة القاهرة في موكب رئاسة الجمهورية ليلتقى بقيادات الدولة والشخصيات العامة وسفراء الدول وغيرهم في مراسم رسمية، وإلقاء خطابه احتفالا بهذه المناسبة. ثم توجه إلى منطقة الهايكستيب، لحضور حفل القوات المسلحة، بحضور المشير محمد حسين طنطاوي، رئيس المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة في ذلك الوقت، ونائبه الفريق سامي عنان وعدد من قيادات الجيش ورجال الدولة.

 

أعلن مرسي المخلوع على 3 يوليو 2013 من قبل مجلس شورى مؤلف من وزير الدفاع عبد الفتاح السيسي، زعيم المعارضة محمد البرادعي، وفضيلة الإمام الأكبر شيخ الأزهر أحمد الطيب، والبابا تاوضروس الثاني. علقت الجيش للدستور، وأنشأت إدارة جديدة برئاسة رئيس المحكمة العليا، وشرعت في "وحشية" الكراك صارمة ضد جماعة الإخوان مسلم. في 1 سبتمبر 2013، والمدعين العامين المشار مرسي للمحاكمة بتهمة التحريض على أعمال العنف الدامية. تم تعيين موعد ل4 نوفمبر 2013.

 

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Mohamed Morsi (Arabic: محمد محمد مرسى عيسى العياط‎, ALA-LC: Muḥammad Muḥammad Mursī ‘Īsá al-‘Ayyāṭ,) (born 20 August 1951) is an Egyptian politician who served as the fifth president of Egypt, from 30 June 2012 to 3 July 2013, when he was removed by the military after mass protests. He is considered by most to be the first democratically elected head of state in Egyptian history. Although his predecessors also held elections, these were generally marred by irregularities and allegations of rigging. He was also the first president to have first assumed his duty after an election, as opposed to coming to power as revolutionaries (in the case of Gamal Abdel Nasser) or as appointed successors (Sadat, Mubarak).

 

Mohamed Morsi was educated in Egyptian public schools and universities; he was later granted a scholarship from the Egyptian government to prepare for a Ph.D. degree in the United States. Morsi was a Member of Parliament in the People's Assembly of Egypt from 2000 to 2005, and a leading member in the Muslim Brotherhood. He became Chairman of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) when it was founded by the Muslim Brotherhood in the wake of the 2011 Egyptian revolution. He stood as the FJP's candidate for the May–June 2012 presidential election.

 

Morsi's victory in the presidential election was announced on 24 June 2012 after he won the run-off election winning 51.7 percent of the vote against Ahmed Shafik, deposed leader Hosni Mubarak's last prime minister.

 

As president, Morsi granted himself unlimited powers on the pretext that he would "protect" the nation from the Mubarak-era power structure, which he called "remnants of the old regime" (Arabic: فلول‎, ALA-LC: Foloul), and the power to legislate without judicial oversight or review of his acts. In late November, he issued an Islamist-backed draft constitution and called for a referendum, an act that his opponents called an "Islamist coup". These issues, along with complaints of prosecutions of journalists and attacks on nonviolent demonstrators, brought hundreds of thousands of protesters to the streets in the 2012 Egyptian protests.

 

On 30 June 2013, mass protests erupted across Egypt which saw millions of protesters calling for the president's resignation. In response to the events, Morsi was given a 48 hour ultimatum by the military to meet the people's demands and to solve political differences or else they would intervene by implementing their own road map for the country and made it clear that they were not planning a coup.

 

Morsi was declared unseated on 3 July 2013 by a council consisting of defence minister Abdul Fatah al-Sisi, opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei, the Grand Imam of Al Azhar Ahmed el-Tayeb, and Coptic Pope Tawadros II. The military suspended the constitution, and established a new administration headed by the chief justice, and initiated a "brutal" crack down on the Muslim Brotherhood. On 1 September 2013, prosecutors referred Morsi to trial on charges of inciting deadly violence. The date has been set for 4 November 2013.

 

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Jun 20, 2012 

updated: 2013-02-07

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