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> Egypt > Politicians > National Democratic Party of Egypt > Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
محمد حسين طنطاوي  محمد حسين طنطاوي 
محمد حسين طنطاوي 
المصري المشير السابق ورجل دولة. | An Egyptian Field Marshal and former statesman.


محمد حسين طنطاوي



المشير محمد حسين طنطاوي (31 أكتوبر 1935) هو مستشار رئيس جمهورية مصر العربية د.محمد مرسي، والقائد العام السابق للقوات المسلحة المصرية وزير الدفاع والإنتاج الحربي السابق. ولد لأسرة مصرية نوبية. تخرج في الكلية الحربية سنة 1956، ثم كلية القيادة والأركان. شارك في حرب 1967 وحرب الاستنزاف وحرب أكتوبر 1973 حيث كان قائد وحده مقاتله بسلاح المشاة. وبعد الحرب حصل على نوط الشجاعة العسكري ثم عمل في عام 1975 ملحقا عسكريا لمصر في باكستان ثم في أفغانستان. واعلن الغاء حالة الطوارئ في مصر بتاريخ 25 يناير 2012


أحيل للتقاعد بقرار رئاسي من الرئيس محمد مرسي في 12 أغسطس 2012، ومنح قلادة النيل و عين مستشارًا لرئيس الجمهورية.


شغل طنطاوي مناصب قيادية عديدة في القوات المسلحة المصرية قبل تكليف الرئيس السابق محمد حسني مبارك له بتولي مسؤولية القيادة العامة للقوات المسلحة. فمن بين المناصب التي تولاها قائد الجيش الثاني الميداني 1987، ثم قائد الحرس الجمهوري 1988، ثم قائدا عاما للقوات المسلحة ووزيرا للدفاع في 1991 برتبة فريق ثم بعدها بشهر أصدر الرئيس مبارك قرارًا بترقيته إلى رتبة الفريق أول. وفي 4 أكتوبر سنة 1993 أصدر الرئيس مبارك قرارا جمهوريا بترقيته إلى رتبة المشير ووزيرًا للدفاع والإنتاج الحربي.






Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Soliman (Arabic: محمد حسين طنطاوى سليمان), (born 31 October 1935) is an Egyptian Field Marshal and former statesman. He was the commander-in-chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces and, as Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, was the de facto head of state from the ouster of Hosni Mubarak on 11 February 2011 to the inauguration of Mohamed Morsi as President of Egypt on 30 June 2012. Tantawi served in the government as Minister of Defense and Military Production from 1991 until Morsi ordered Tantawi to retire on 12 August 2012.


Public activity

Military career

Tantawi, who is of Nubian origin, received his commission as a military officer on 1 April 1956 serving in the infantry. Later that year he took part in the Suez War (or the Tripartite Aggression as it is often known in Egypt). Later in his career he was involved in the Six-Day War of 1967, the War of Attrition of 1967–1970, and the October or Yom Kippur War of 1973. He held various command and staff appointments including both the Chief of Staff and then Commander of the Egyptian Second Army. Additionally he has served as the military attaché to Pakistan, an important role given the two countries political and military links. Tantawi has served as Commander of the Republican Guard, and Chief of the Operations Authority of the Armed Forces. In 1991, he also commanded an Egyptian Army unit in the U.S.-led Gulf War against Iraq to force Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, which it invaded in 1990.


On 29 May 1991, following the dismissal of Lt. General Youssef Sabri Abu Taleb, Tantawi was appointed as Minister of Defense and Military Production and commander-in-chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces. He was also appointed as Field Marshal. It is believed that Tantawi would have succeeded Mubarak as president of Egypt, had the assassination attempt in June 1995 been successful. Early in 2011, Tantawi was seen as a possible contender for the Egyptian presidency.


2011–2012 Egyptian Revolution

On 11 February 2011 when President Hosni Mubarak resigned, after 18 days of protests from the Egyptian people, he transferred authority to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, headed by Tantawi. On a personal level, Tantawi had kept a relatively low profile since the handing over of power to the Council, only making a first public appearance in an address to mark the graduation of a batch at the Police Academy on 16 May 2011. He has opted to leave most public speeches and press releases to other senior members in the council, he also appointed Prime Minister Essam Sharaf and his cabinet. Tantawi has also received a number of foreign officials, including British Prime Minister David Cameron and US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.


On 12 August 2012, Egypt's president Mohamed Morsi ordered Tantawi to retire as head of the armed forces and defence minister. Tantawi has been decorated with the Order of the Nile and appointed, instead, as an advisor to Morsi; there is speculation that his removal is part of a pre-arranged withdrawal by the military from political power in exchange for immunity from prosecution for earlier actions.



Criticism of Tantawi in Egypt has been manyfold, including many chants in Tahrir for him to leave. Chants against Tantawi have included "Tantawi stripped your women naked, come join us." According to The Telegraph, protesters have also "demanded the execution of Tantawi.".


Nabeel Rajab, the head of Bahrain Center for Human Rights, criticized Tantawi for his reception for king of Bahrain, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa in October 2011. "This is a very bad message from the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to the international community, the Egyptian and Bahraini people", he said. "Continuing this path threatens Egypt's democratic future", he added.



July 9, 2012

updated: 2013-02-08

icon Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
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