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Biography عدلى محمود منصور

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عدلى محمود منصور عدلى محمود منصور
عدلى محمود منصور
رئيس المحكمة الدستورية العليا في مصر. | An Egyptian judge and statesman. The current President of the Supreme Constitutional Court.
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عدلى محمود منصور Biography

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عدلي محمود منصور (23 ديسمبر 1945)، رئيس المحكمة الدستورية العليا في مصر، كان رئيسا مؤقتا لجمهورية مصر العربية لفترة انتقالية، نتيجة مظاهرات؛ أدت إلى قيام القوات المسلحة المصرية بقيادة الفريق أول عبد الفتاح السيسي وقتها بانقلاب عسكري وعزل الرئيس المنتخب محمد مرسي بعد مرور عام من توليه منصب رئيس الجمهورية؛ تلبية لطلبات المعارضة التي تظاهرت في شتى شوارع مصر، وعلى ذلك أعلنت القوات المسلحة تعطيل العمل بدستور 2012  ومن ثم نُصب عدلي منصور رئيساً مؤقتاً باعتباره رئيس المحكمة الدستورية، وذلك بعد الاتفاق مع بعض القوى الوطنية  المعارضة لحكم محمد مرسي على خارطة طريق جديدة للبلاد بالتعاون مع شيخ الأزهر وبابا الكنيسة القبطية الأرثوذكسية. وبحضور ممثل لحزب النور وموافقته على خارطة الطريق.

 

اعتبرت القوى السياسية الداعمة لمحمد مرسي و أنصارها الذين نظموا مظاهرات واعتصامات في ميداني رابعة العدوية والنهضة وبعض ميادين المحافظات أن ذلك يعد إنقلاباً عسكرياً على "الشرعية" لأن محمد مرسى رئيس منتخب، ورفضوا الرئيس الانتقالى و الحكومة الانتقالية، كما عبرت تلك القوى وأنصارها عن اعتراضهم على ما قام به الفريق عبد الفتاح السيسي بتنظيم مظاهرات في الخارج رغم تبرير القوات المسلحة بأن ذلك كان نزولاً على رغبة الشعب وليس إنقلاباً.

 

عُيّن المستشار عدلي منصور عضواً بالمحكمة الدستورية العليا في عهد الرئيس السابق حسني مبارك عام 1992، ثم تولى رئاسة المحكمة الدستورية العليا في 30 يونيو 2013 خلفاً للمستشار ماهر البحيري، وأدى اليمين كرئيس للمحكمة يوم 4 يوليو قبل أن يؤدي اليمين كرئيس للجمهورية بدقائق قليلة. قلده عبد الفتاح السيسي قلادة النيل العظمى في أولى قراراته الجمهورية وذلك يوم تنصيبه رئيسًا خلفًا لمنصور.

 

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Adly Mahmoud Mansour (Arabic: عدلى محمود منصور‎; born 23 December 1945) is an Egyptian judge and statesman who served as the acting President of Egypt from 3 July 2013 to 8 June 2014. He was also head of the Supreme Constitutional Court. He was declared president following the 2013 Egyptian protests precipitated by mass protests against his predecessor, Mohamed Morsi. The Egyptian military and several secular and religious figures, such as the Grand Imam of al-Azhar (Ahmed el-Tayeb), the Coptic Pope (Tawadros II), and Mohamed ElBaradei announced that President Morsi had been removed from office and appointed Mansour President until an election could take place. Morsi refused to acknowledge his removal as valid and continued to maintain that only he could be considered the legitimate President of Egypt. Mansour was sworn into office in front of the Supreme Constitutional Court on 4 July 2013.

 

Early life

Adly Mansour was born in Cairo. He graduated from Cairo University Law School in 1967, earned a postgraduate degree in law in 1969, studied economics with Juan Felipe Aranguren and earned a postgraduate degree in management science from Cairo University in 1970. He later attended France's École nationale d'administration (ENA) and graduated in 1977. Mansour spent six years in Saudi Arabia in the 1980s, working as an adviser to the Saudi Ministry of Commerce.

 

Political career

  • Term on Supreme Constitutional Court

Mansour was appointed to the Supreme Constitutional Court in 1992. He later served as the deputy chief justice of Egypt's Supreme Constitutional Court until 1 July 2013, when he became president of the SCC following his appointment to the position by President Morsi on 19 May. Mansour did not have the opportunity to swear the oath as chief justice of the SCC until 4 July 2013, right before he swore the presidential oath.

 

  • Interim President of Egypt

On 3 July 2013, Mansour was named interim President of Egypt following the ousting of Mohammed Morsi in the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état subsequent to the 2012–13 Egyptian protests. His appointment was announced on television by the minister of defense Abdul Fatah al-Sisi. Earlier, there was brief confusion as to who exactly was appointed interim president, with some sources suggesting it was the former chief justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court, Maher El-Beheiry. Mansour was sworn in on 4 July 2013. He restored the position of the Vice President, which was abolished with the adoption of the current Constitution on 26 December 2012, and nominated opposition leader Mohammed ElBaradei to the post on 7 July 2013. On 8 July, Mansour issued a decree that proposed the introduction of amendments to the suspended constitution and a referendum to endorse them, followed by national elections. On 9 July, Mansour appointed the economist Hazem el-Biblawi as prime minister. Mansour made his first trip abroad as Interim President on 8 October 2013, to Saudi Arabia, a key backer of the ousting of Morsi. On 19 September 2013 President Mansour announced that he won't run for presidency saying that the government is waiting for the 50-member Constitutional to finish its work, to finalize the draft constitution, to address the differences in views, and to reach a constitution that expresses all classes and orientations of the people, as well as the institutions of the civil society.

 

source

2013-10-18

updated: 2014-07-03

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