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> Afghanistan > Politicians > Zalmai Rassoul
زلمی رسول  زلمی رسول 
زلمی رسول 
سیاست‌مدار برجستهٔ افغان. | An Afghan politician and statesman.
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زلمی رسول

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زلمی رسول در سال ۱۹۴۳ در کابل متولد شده است. او پشتون و مربوط به قبیله محمدزایی است. زلمی رسول، از ژانویه ۲۰۱۰ تا اوایل اکتبر ۲۰۱۳ وزیر امور خارجه افغانستان بود. زلمی رسول، به زبان‌های فارسی دری، پشتو، فرانسه، انگلیسی و ایتالیایی صحبت می‌تواند و با زبان عربی هم آشنایی دارد. او از اشتراک کنندگان نخستین اجلاس بن در مورد افغانستان در سال ۲۰۰۱ بود که به ایجاد دولت موقت در این کشور منجر شد. پس از رویکار آمدن دولت جدید، حامد کرزی، آقای رسول را در سال ۲۰۰۲ نامزد وزارت هوانوردی کرد که به اتفاق آرای کابینه به این سمت رسید. در سال ۲۰۰۲ برای مدت کوتاهی وزیر هوانوردی شد، سپس مشاور امنیت رئیس جمهوری افغانستان شد و تا سال ۲۰۱۰ در این سمت باقی ماند. مسئولیت‌هایی چون "هماهنگی فعالیت‌های امنیت و سیاست خارجی" را به عهده داشته است. در ژانویه ۲۰۱۰ حامد کرزی رئیس جمهوری افغانستان او را نامزد سمت وزارت خارجه این کشور کرد و به شورای ملی افغانستان معرفی کرد که با اکثریت آرای اعضای حاضر مجلس وزیر امور خارجه افغانستان شد. آقای رسول در دوازده سال گذشته از افراد نزدیک به حامدکرزی در ارگ بوده و در بیشتر سفرهای مهم، حامد کرزی را همراهی کرده است.

 

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Zalmai Rassoul (born 11 May 1943) is an Afghan politician who served as Foreign Minister of Afghanistan from January 2010 to October 2013. He previously served as National Security Advisor beginning in June 2002. He has accompanied Afghan President Hamid Karzai on all official visits since the establishment of the Interim Administration in 2001. He resigned as Foreign Minister on 5 October 2013 to stand as a candidate in the 2014 presidential election.

 

Early years

Rassoul was born in or about 1942 in Kabul, Afghanistan, to Abdu'l Qayyum Khan Sarkar and his wife Farukh Begum, daughter of EmirHabibullah Khan. Amānullāh Khān, the King of Aghanistan 1909-1929, was his uncle. He attended Lycée Esteqlal where he graduated as the valedictorian. Subsequently, he traveled to France to study on a scholarship at the Paris Medical School and received his M.D. in 1973. An ethnic Pashtun, belonging to Barakzai (Mohammadzai) tribe (of the Zirak branch of the Durrani Confederacy), he is fluent in Pashto, Dari Persian, French, English, and Italian and has a working knowledge of Arabic. He has over 30 publications in European and American medical journals and is a member of the American Society of Nephrology. Dr. Rassoul is unmarried and has no children.

 

Political activity

Since 1998, Rassoul devoted his full attention to the convening of the Emergency Loya Jirga (Grand Assembly) as the director of the Secretariat of Mohammad Zaher Shah, the former King of Afghanistan. Under Rassoul's leadership, the Secretariat in Rome played a key role in the future political transition of Afghanistan. Prior to the Bonn Conference, Zahir Shah dispatched numerous delegations to world capitals, Afghanistan's neighbors, and Afghanistan itself to build support for the convening of the Emergency Loya Jirga.

 

Rassoul accompanied President Hamid Karzai, at that time a leading member of the Executive Committee of the Loya Jirga, on these missions. Rassoul was suited for this work because of his long term, close contact with Afghan resistance and his 1980 founding and publishing of the monthly publication Afghan Reality created to increase awareness and be a voice of information from inside Afghanistan to the international community regarding the plight of the Afghan people.

 

Rassoul was nominated by President Hamid Karzai as Minister of Civil Aviation and unanimously approved by the Cabinet in March 2002. Under his leadership, Afghanistan's aviation sector was revived after many years of United Nations sanctions against the Taliban and Afghanistan. Rassoul played an important role in Afghanistan's readmission to the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). Prior to his service in the Afghan government, Rassoul served as a delegate to the historic November 2001 Bonn Conference. Following the Bonn Conference, he accompanied President Karzai to Kabul for the inauguration of the Afghan Interim Administration.

 

On 5 October 2013 Rassoul resigned from his position as Foreign Minister and on 6 October he officially filed his nomination to stand as as candidate in the 2014 presidential election. His running mate is Ahmad Zia Massoud.

 

source

2014-04-10

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