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Biography Toomas Hendrik Ilves

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Toomas Hendrik Ilves Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Eesti poliitik, alates 2006 Eesti Vabariigi president. | The fourth President of Estonia, in office since 2006.
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DESCRIPTION OF CANDIDATE: 

Toomas Hendrik Ilves Biography

EST:

 

Toomas Hendrik Ilves (sündinud 26. detsembril 1953 Stockholmis) on Eesti poliitik ja alates 9. oktoobrist 2006 Eesti Vabariigi president. Ilves on tegutsenud ka diplomaadina ja aastatel 2004–2006 oli ta Euroopa Parlamendi liige. 23. septembril 2006 valiti ta Eesti Vabariigi presidendiks. 29. augustil 2011 valiti ta ametisse uueks ametiajaks.

 

Poliitiline karjäär

1997. aasta lõpus astus Ilves Eesti Talurahva Erakonda, mis ühines aprillis 1998 erakonnaga Parempoolsed. Ilves oli liitumisel tekkinud Rahvaerakonna asutajaid ja aastani 1999 selle esimees, aastast 1999, mil Rahvaerakond ühines Mõõdukatega, tekkinud erakonna Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad aseesimees, seejärel kuni 2002 esimees. Hiljem muutis Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad oma nime Sotsiaaldemokraatlikuks Erakonnaks. 2004. aasta Euroopa Parlamendi valimistel kandideeris Ilves Sotsiaaldemokraatliku Erakonna nimekirja esinumbrina ja osutus valituks. Europarlamendi saadikuna kuulus Ilves Euroopa Sotsialistide Parteisse.

 

  • Esimene ametiaeg Eesti Vabariigi presidendina

2006. aasta presidendivalimistel oli Toomas Hendrik Ilves presidendikandidaat 29. augustil Riigikogus toimunud valimiste teises ja kolmandas voorus. Ta kogus Riigikogu koosseisu vajaliku 2/3-lise häälteenamuse ehk 68 hääle asemel mõlemas voorus 64 häält, ega osutunud seega valituks. Nii nagu esimeses voorus, kus kandidaadiks oli seatud Ene Ergma (65 häält), ei võtnud valimistest osa Keskerakonna ega Rahvaliidu poliitikud, kes olid otsustanud Riigikogus toimuvaid valimisi boikoteerida ning seada oma kandidaat, ametis olev Vabariigi President Arnold Rüütel, üles alles valimiskogus. Valimiskogus toimunud valimiste esimeses voorus 23. septembril 2006 kogus Toomas Hendrik Ilves 174 poolthäält ning osutus valituks Eesti Vabariigi Presidendiks. Tema vastaskandidaat Arnold Rüütel kogus 162 häält, märgistamata sedeleid oli 8 ning kehtetuid sedeleid 1. Kokku osales valimistel 345 valimiskogu liiget, valituks osutumiseks oli vaja lihthäälte enamust ehk vähemalt 173 häält. Ajakirjanik Argo Ideon avaldas Wikileaksi kaudu avalikkuse ette jõudnud USA välisministeeriumi memodele tuginedes 28. jaanuaril 2011 ajalehes Postimees artikli "Ilves USA saadikule: Eesti presidendi koht on vaesevõitu ja võimuta". Sellest selgub, et Ilves kritiseeris USA diplomaatidega kohtudes Keskerakonna juhti Edgar Savisaart, keda ta nimetas "Eesti Hugo Cháveziks" ja "odavaks populistiks". Avaldatud ettekannete järgi olla Ilves 2006. aasta juunis kohtumisel tolleaegse USA suursaadikuga Aldona Wosiga öelnud, et tegelikult ta ei tahagi presidendiametit. Ettekande koostajad järeldasid, et peamised põhjused, miks ta kandideeris Arnold Rüütli vastu oli see, et Ilvese sõnul pole Rüütli presidendiks olemise ajal sisuliselt riigipead olnudki ja Ilves usub, et tema on ainuke, kes suudab Rüütlit võita. Presidendi sõnul on tegemist memo koostaja tõlgendusega.

 

  • Teine ametiaeg Eesti Vabariigi presidendina

2011. aastal oli Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ainus vastaskandidaat Indrek Tarand. Ilves valiti Riigikogus tagasi presidendiks esimeses hääletusvoorus, kus teda toetas 73 riigikogulast, Tarandit 25, 3 hääletussedelit tunnistati aga kehtetuks. Pärast Paul Krugmani Eesti majanduspoliitikat kritiseeriva blogipostituse "Estonian Rhapsody" avaldamist New York Times'i arvamuslehel ründas Ilves Krugmani teravalt ööl vastu 7. juunit Twitteri kaudu, märkides muuhulgas: "Let's sh*t on East Europeans: their English is bad, won't respond & actually do what they've agreed to & reelect govts that are responsible." Sündmus leidis laialdast kajastamist meedias.

 

allikas

 

 

ENG:

 

Toomas Hendrik Ilves (born 26 December 1953) is the fourth President of Estonia, in office since 2006. Ilves worked as a diplomat and journalist, and he was the leader of the Social Democratic Party in the 1990s. He served in the government as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1996 to 1998 and again from 1999 to 2002. Later, he was a Member of the European Parliament from 2004 to 2006. He was elected as President of Estonia by an electoral college on 23 September 2006 and his term as President began on 9 October 2006.

 

Political career

Ilves worked as a research assistant in Columbia University Department of Psychology from 1974 to 1979. From 1979 to 1981 he served as assistant director and English teacher at the Open Education Center in Englewood, New Jersey. Ilves then moved to Vancouver, Canada; from 1981 to 1983 he was director and administrator of arts in Vancouver Arts Centre and from 1983 to 1984 he taught Estonian literature and linguistics in Simon Fraser University.

 

From 1984 to 1993, Ilves worked in Munich, Germany as a journalist for Radio Free Europe, being the head of its Estonian desk since 1988. As Estonia had restored its independence in 1991, Ilves became Ambassador of Estonia to the United States in 1993, also serving as Ambassador to Canada and Mexico at the same time.

 

In December 1996, Ilves became Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs, serving until he resigned in September 1998, when he became a member of a small opposition party (Peasants' Party, agrarian-conservative). Ilves was soon elected chairman of the People's Party (reformed Peasants' Party), which formed an electoral cartel with the Moderates, a centrist party. After the March 1999 parliamentary election he became foreign minister again, serving until 2002, when the so-called Triple Alliance collapsed. He supported Estonian membership in the European Union and succeeded in starting the negotiations which led to Estonia joining the European Union on 1 May 2004. From 2001 to 2002 he was the leader of the People's Party Moderates. He resigned from the position after the party's defeat in the October 2002 municipal elections, in which the party received only 4.4% of the total votes nationwide. In early 2004, the Moderates party renamed itself the Estonian Social Democratic Party.

 

In 2003, Ilves became an observer member of the European Parliament and, on 1 May 2004, a full member. In the 2004 elections to the European Parliament, Ilves was elected MEP in a landslide victory for the Estonian Social Democratic Party. He sat with the Party of European Socialists group in the Parliament. Katrin Saks took over his MEP seat when Ilves became President of Estonia in 2006. In 2011, he was re-elected for a second five-year term. In 2013, it was announced that Ilves had accepted a position on the Council on CyberSecurity's Advisory Board.

 

source

January 28, 2013

updated: 2014-04-01

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