ENG: Ever since Texas requested and received annexation by the United States of America in 1845, segments of its population have sought independence from that nation. While those who have sought to secede from the Union have often been a minority of the population, Texan nationalism has been highlighted through history in events such as the American Civil War, where Texas declared its separation from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy was not recognized as a separate country by any nation, but it was recognized as a belligerent party. Defeated by the Union in 1865, the Confederacy collapsed and all states were restored to full status in the United States. In 1869, in Texas v. White, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Texas continued to be a State, and a State of the Union, notwithstanding its adoption in 1861 of the Ordinance of Secession. Texas was not readmitted to congressional representation until 1870, after the state had adopted a constitution of state government which reestablished a republican form of state government.
2012 Election Response
After President Barack Obama's re-election in 2012, multiple petitions were posted on the White House's We The People site requesting that various states be allowed to secede from the United States of America. These petitions were non-binding -- the We The People site exists only as a means for citizens to request comment from the White House on submitted issues, and does not have any legal standing as a bill of law.
As stated on the We the People site, if a petition on the site received over 25,000 signatures, it would merit a response from the White House. By November 16th, 2012, petitions for many states had already surpassed this minimum, the most prominent being the petition for Texas with over 112,210 signatures.
Texas Governor Rick Perry responded to the petition saying he opposed secession, but "shares the frustrations many Americans have with our federal government."
November 19, 2012