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Details Tanzim Dahwat-e-Islami

> Afghanistan > Parties > Islamic Dawah Organisation
 Tanzim Dahwat-e-Islami  Tanzim Dahwat-e-Islami
 Tanzim Dahwat-e-Islami
تنظیم دعوت اسلامی افغانستان یک حزب سیاسی در افغانستان به رهبری عبدالرب رسول سیاف است. | The Islamic Dawah Organization of Afghanistan is a poltical party.


Tanzim Dahwat-e-Islami



تنظیم دعوت اسلامی افغانستان یک حزب سیاسی در افغانستان به رهبری عبدالرب رسول سیاف است. این حزب در اوایل دههٔ ۱۹۸۰ با نام اتحاد اسلامی برای آزادی افغانستان با هدف مبارزه با جمهوری دمکراتیک افغانستان و نیروهای ارتش شوروی در این کشور تشکیل شد. این سازمان اسلام‌گرای سنی که بیشتر اعضای آن را پشتون‌ها تشکیل می‌دهند، از جریان‌های اصلی مجاهدین افغان در دوران جنگ با شوروی بود و از حمایت پاکستان، ایالات متحدهٔ آمریکا و کشورهای عربی حوزهٔ خلیج فارس به‌ویژه کمک‌های مالی فراوان عربستان سعودی برخوردار بود.


نیروهای اتحاد اسلامی در دوران جنگ داخلی افغانستان که پس از فتح کابل توسط مجاهدین در سال ۱۳۷۱ آغاز شد، درگیر نبرد سنگینی با حزب وحدت اسلامی، متعلق به هزاره‌های شیعه‌مذهب مورد حمایت ایران، در غرب کابل شدند. اتحاد اسلامی در دوران حکومت طالبان به ائتلاف شمال پیوست و پس از سرنگونی طالبان در حکومت جدید شرکت یافته و در سال ۱۳۸۴ خود را با نام تنظیم دعوت اسلامی افغانستان به حیث یک حزب سیاسی ثبت کرده و به عنوان حامی دولت حامد کرزای فعالیت می‌کند.


اهمیت این حزب بیشتر ناشی از شخصیت رسول سیاف رهبر آن از ابتدا تا به اکنون است که پیروی ایدئولوژی اخوان‌المسلمین و معتقد به برقراری حکومت کاملاً اسلامی است چنان‌که افزودن پسوند اسلامی به نام حکومت کنونی افغانستان با پیشنهاد او در لویه جرگه محقق شد. سیاف و حزب اتحاد در دوران جهاد (شورش علیه حکومت افغانستان و جنگ با شوروی) از مخالفان و دشمنان سرسخت ظاهر شاه و گروه‌های طرفدار غرب و تشیع و مجاهدین شیعه به شمار می‌رفت با این حال در سال ۱۳۸۳ و پس از بازگشت ظاهر شاه به افغانستان از اولین کسانی بود که در استقبال او یک مجلس دعوت شاهانه ترتیب داده و دست او را بوسیده بود. گلبدین حکمتیار نیز از سیاف انتقاد کرده که با وجود ادعاهایش در مورد کافر دانستن شیعیان و تحریم همکاری با کمونیست‌ها در حکومت ائتلافی با آن‌ها (حکومت اسلامی افغانستان ۱۳۷۱-۱۳۷۵) شرکت کرده‌است.







The Islamic Dawah Organization of Afghanistan (Persian: تنظیم دعوت اسلامی افغانستان‎, Tanzim-e Dahwat-e Islami-ye Afghanistan) is a political party in Afghanistan led by Abdul Rasul Sayyaf. Founded in the early 1980s as the Islamic Union for the Liberation of Afghanistan (Ittehad-e Islami bara-ye Azadi-ye Afghanistan), it was originally an attempt to bring unity amongst Islamist opposition forces in Afghanistan. However, the creation of the new umbrella organization effectively created a split and the organization became a political party of its own. The organization was part of the 'Peshawar Seven', the coalition of mujahedin forces supported by the United States, Pakistan and various Arab states of the Persian Gulf in the war against the PDPA government and Soviet forces. Through the financial aid received from Saudi sources, the organization was able to attract a considerable military following. Arab volunteers fought in the militia forces of the organisation.


After the ouster of the PDPA government in April 1992, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar initiated a bombardment campaign against the Islamic State of Afghanistan which had been established by the peace and power-sharing agreement Peshawar Accords. In addition, Saudi Arabia and Iran – as competitors for regional hegemony – supported Afghan militias hostile towards each other. According to Human Rights Watch, "Iran assisted the Shia Hazara Hezb-i Wahdat forces of Abdul Ali Mazari, as Iran attempted to maximize Wahdat's military power and influence." Saudi Arabia supported the Wahhabite Abdul Rasul Sayyaf and his Ittihad-i Islami faction. Conflict between the two militias soon escalated into a full-scale war. Both Ittihad and Wahdat engaged in large-scale kidnapping campaigns against civilians and combatants of the "other side". The Islamic State and International Committee of the Red Cross regularly tried to mediate between the two sides, but cease-fires commonly were broken in a matter of days. In early 1993, the Hezb-i Wahdat joined an alliance with Gulbuddin Hekmatyar starting to shell northern Kabul. On February 11, 1993 Ittihad forces took part in the Islamic State's military Afshar operation which had the objective of ending the bombardment on residential areas in northern Kabul conducted by Hezb-i Wadat. After the military operation had ended and successfully forced Wahdat forces from the area, Ittihad forces started to escalate the situation by turning against the civilian population. During and after the operation 70 combatants and civilians were killed. After the operation Ittihad troops under the command of Abdul Rasul Sayyaf kidnapped up to 900 people, 200 of whom were released after ransoms were paid to Ittihad commanders, 700 were never returned by Ittihad forces.


In 2001, Ittihad's leader Abdul Rasul Sayyaf was suspected of being complicit in the assassination of anti-Taliban leader Ahmad Shah Massoud. In 2005, the Ittihad organization was registered as a political party with the Ministry of Justice under its new name. Sayyaf and Ittihad are currently allied to the Karzai government. The party is strongest in the Paghman area, and receives from of its support from Pashtuns. Ideologically, the party follows advocates an Orthodox form of Islam, and the party's leader, Sayyaf, is a Wahhabi.


Leader: Abdul Rasul Sayyaf

Founded: 2005 (as a political party)

Ideology: Wahhabi Islamism, Pashtun interests




updated: 2014-04-11

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