Tõnis Lukas (sündinud 5. juunil 1962 Tallinnas) on Eesti ajaloolane ja poliitik. 5. aprillist 2007 kuni 6. aprillini 2011 oli ta Andrus Ansipi teises valitsuses haridus- ja teadusminister. Detsembris 2012 valiti Lukas teistkordselt Eesti Rahva Muuseumi direktoriks. Tõnis Lukas oli alates 2005. aastast kuni Isamaaliidu ja Res Publica ühinemiseni viimane Isamaaliidu esimees. Erakondade ühinemise järel oli ta 2006–2007 Isamaa ja Res Publica Liidu kaasesimees. Alates 26. maist 2007 Isamaa ja Res Publica Liidu aseesimees. 1996–1997 oli ta Tartu linnapea ja 1999–2002 Eesti haridusminister.
- 1987–1989: Rõngu 8-klassilise kooli õpetaja
- 1989–1992: Tartu Ülikooli lektor
- 1992–1995: Eesti Rahva Muuseumi direktor
- 1995–1996: Riigikogu VIII koosseisu liige, kultuurikomisjoni esimees
- 1996–1997: Tartu linnapea
- 1999–2002: Eesti Vabariigi haridusminister
- 2002–2003: Riigikogu IX koosseisu liige
- 2003–2007: Riigikogu X koosseisu liige
- 2007–2011: Eesti Vabariigi haridus- ja teadusminister
- 2011–2012: XII Riigikogu liige
- 2013– Eesti Rahva Muuseumi direktor
Tõnis Lukas (born 5 June 1962 in Tallinn) is an Estonian politician. He is the Vice-Chairman of the Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica.
Lukas joined Pro Patria Union in 1992 and was elected to Tartu City Council the next year. 1995 he became a member of Riigikogu and served for a year as the Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee for Cultural Affairs. Tõnis Lukas left the parliament in 1996 to serve as a Mayor of Tartu (1996 to 1997).
After the parliamentary elections of 1999 he was appointed a Minister of Education in Prime Minister Mart Laar's cabinet on 25 March 1999. The highlight of his career as Minister was the transfer of the Ministry of Education from Tallinn to Tartu, justified as decentralisation of power and fostering regional development, while the critics see in it a result of successful lobby by University of Tartu. When the government fell on 28 January 2002 Tõnis Lukas returned to Riigikogu and was re-elected to the parliament in 2003, serving currently as a member of the Parliamentary Committee for Cultural Affairs.
After the resignation of Tunne Kelam he was elected the Chairman of Pro Patria Union on 16 April 2005. In November 2005 he unveiled plans of merger between Pro Patria Union and Union for the Republic - Res Publica. After the merger of the parties on 4 June 2006 he became one of the two co-Chairmen of the new Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica. At the party congress on 26 May 2007 Mart Laar was elected a new Chairman of the Union and Tõnis Lukas became one of the three Vice-Chairmen elected to assist Mart Laar.
From 5 April 2007 to 6 April 2011, he again served as the Minister of Education and Research. Tõnis Lukas is a member of the Estonian Vocational Ed
ucation Promotion Union, Society of Friends of Estonian National Museum, Estonian Heritage Society and Learned Estonian Society. He is an author of several textbooks on history.
January 28, 2013