Γενική Συνομοσπονδία Εργατών Ελλάδας
Η Γενική Συνομοσπονδία Εργατών Ελλάδας ή Γ.Σ.Ε.Ε. είναι το ανώτατο Συνδικαλιστικό Όργανο των εκτός Δημοσίου εργαζομένων στην Ελλάδα.
Γενική Συνομοσπονδία Επαγγελματιών Βιοτεχνών Εμπόρων Ελλάδας
Η Γενική Συνομοσπονδία Επαγγελματιών Βιοτεχνών Εμπόρων Ελλάδας ή ΓΣΕΒΕΕ, είναι τριτοβάθμια πανελλαδική οργάνωση εργοδοτών και ένας από τους 4 κοινωνικούς εταίρους που συνυπογράφουν την Εθνική Γενική Συλλογική Σύμβαση Εργασίας. Αποτελεί το ανώτατο συνδικαλιστικό όργανο των Επαγγελματιών, Βιοτεχνών και Εμπόρων όλης της χώρας. Δραστηριοποιείται για την προαγωγή και κατοχύρωση των επαγγελματικών, οικονομικών, πολιτιστικών και κοινωνικών συμφερόντων των μικρομεσαίων επιχειρήσεων. Η ΓΣΕΒΕΕ έχει στην δύναμή της 58 Τοπικές και 28 Κλαδικές Ομοσπονδίες Επαγγελματιών Βιοτεχνιών & Εμπόρων και 1 συνταξιούχων, με περίπου 160.000 εγγεγραμμένα μέλη φυσικά πρόσωπα. Η ΓΣΕΒΕΕ είναι επίσης μέλος της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης Βιοτεχνικών και Μικρομεσαίων Επιχειρήσεων (UEAPME).
ENG: A trade union (British English), labour union (Canadian English) or labor union (American English) is an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members (rank and file members) and negotiates labour contracts (collective bargaining) with employers. The most common, but by no means only, purpose of these organisations is "maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment".
This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies. The agreements negotiated by the union leaders are binding on the rank and file members and the employer and in some cases on other non-member workers.
Originating in Europe, trade unions became popular in many countries during the Industrial Revolution, when the lack of skill necessary to perform most jobs shifted employment bargaining power almost completely to the employers' side, causing many workers to be mistreated and underpaid. Trade union organisations may be composed of individual workers, professionals, past workers, students, apprentices and/or the unemployed.
Over the last three hundred years, trade unions have developed into a number of forms. Aside from collective bargaining, activities vary, but may include:
- Provision of benefits to members: Early trade unions, like Friendly Societies, often provided a range of benefits to insure members against unemployment, ill health, old age and funeral expenses. In many developed countries, these functions have been assumed by the state; however, the provision of professional training, legal advice and representation for members is still an important benefit of trade union membership.
- Industrial action: Trade unions may enforce strikes or resistance to lockouts in furtherance of particular goals.
- Political activity: Trade unions may promote legislation favourable to the interests of their members or workers as a whole.
To this end they may pursue campaigns, undertake lobbying, or financially support individual candidates or parties (such as the Labour Party in Britain) for public office. In some countries (e.g., the Nordic countries and the Philippines), trade unions may be invited to participate in government hearings about educational or other labour market reforms.
General Confederation of Greek Workers
The General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE), in Greek Γ.Σ.Ε.Ε, is the highest, tertiary trade union body in Greece. It was founded in 1918 and is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation.
GSEE is made up of 83 worker unions and 74 departmental secondary confederations. Its prime purpose is defending the interests of all workers in Greece, in the private sector. To that purpose, it negotiates with the employer unions the signing of national union labour agreements and also has the ability to call all workers of the private sector on strike in case the need arises.
Moreover, GSEE has established a number of supporting institutes to help it achieve its goals.
INE/GSEE-ADEDY is tasked with the provision of GSEE and ADEDY, the equivalent of GSEE in the public sector, of formulated scientific data reports which GSEE and ADEDY use for the scientific validations of their argumentation when dealing with the employers. KE.PE.A is tasked with the provision of information and legal advice to all workers and unemployed people in Greece. A.RIS.TOS is tasked with the tracking and filling of the historical evidence of all worker unions in Greece. KANEP/GSEE is tasked with the support of policy of GSEE in education and the R&D field.
Today, GSEE faces the issues of unemployment, sustainable social insurance and sustainable economic growth that involves everybody. Duri
ng the Greek public debt crisis of 2010, GSEE has played a pivotal role for the protection of the established labour rights in the private sector which have been under pressure by the 2010 EU-IMF-ECB memorandum to Greece.