Stjepan ("Stipe") Mesić (Orahovica, 24. prosinca 1934.) bivši predsjednik Republike Hrvatske i bivši predsjednik predsjedništva SFRJ.
Mesić je bio zastupnik u Hrvatskom saboru u 1960-ima, a nakon toga van politike do 1990.-e kada je postao član Hrvatske demokratske zajednice (HDZ), a potom i hrvatski premijer. Sabor Republike Hrvatske izabrao ga je za hrvatskog člana predsjedništva SFRJ, napušta premijersku dužnost, odlazi u Beograd gdje je prvo postao potpredsjednik, a zatim 1991. i posljednji predsjednik predsjedništva SFR Jugoslavije. Godine 1992. postao je predsjednik Sabora Republike Hrvatske.
Godine 1994. izašao je iz HDZ-a s istomišljenicima i osnovao stranku Hrvatski nezavisni demokrati (HND). Kasnije je većina članova HND-a, uključujući Mesića, prešla u Hrvatsku narodnu stranku (HNS).
Kad je Franjo Tuđman umro u prosincu 1999. godine, Mesić je u 2. krugu glasovanja na predsjedničkim izborima izabran za predsjednika Hrvatske (veljača 2000.). Ponovo je izabran za predsjednika u siječnju 2005. g.
Izabran je za predsjednika Hrvatske 2000. godine nakon što je pobijedio u prvom krugu izbora, te u drugom krugu porazio kandidata HSLS-a i SDP-a Dražena Budišu. Mesić je nastupio kao kandidat stranaka HNS, HSS, LS te IDS. Nakon što je postao predsjednik, istupio je iz članstva u HNS-u.
Stjepan "Stipe" Mesić (born 24 December 1934) is a Croatian politician who served as the second President of Croatia, 2000 to 2010. Before his ten-year presidential term between 2000 and 2010 he held the posts of Speaker of the Croatian Parliament (1992–1994), Prime Minister of Croatia (1990), the last President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia (1991), Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement (1991), a judge in Našice and mayor of his home town of Orahovica.
Mesić was a deputy in the Croatian Parliament in the 1960s, and was then absent from politics until 1990 when he joined the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), and was named Prime Minister after HDZ won the elections. SR Croatia's member of the Yugoslav Federal Presidency where he served first as Vice President and then in 1991 as the last President of Yugoslavia before Yugoslavia dissolved.
He was appointed to serve as
Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, Mesić served as Speaker of the Croatian Parliament from 1992 to 1994, when he left HDZ. With several other members of parliament, he formed a new party called Croatian Independent Democrats (HND). In 1997 the majority of HND members, including Mesić, merged into the Croatian People's Party (HNS).
After Franjo Tuđman had died in December 1999 Mesić won the elections to become the next President of Croatia in February 2000. He was re-elected in January 2005 for a second five-year term. Mesić had always topped the polls for the most popular politician in Croatia during his two terms.
He served his first 5-year term until February 2005. In the 2005 election, Mesić was a candidate supported by eight political parties and won nearly half of the vote, but was denied the absolute majority by a few percent. Mesić faced off with Jadranka Kosor in the run-off election and won. He served his second 5-year term until 2010 when he was superseded by Ivo Josipović.