ENG: Steven Arnold "Steve" King (born May 28, 1949) is the U.S. Representative for Iowa's 4th congressional district, serving in Congress since 2003. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district is located in the northwestern part of the state and includes Sioux City.
Early life, education, and business career
King was born on May 28, 1949 in Storm Lake, Iowa. The son of Emmett King, a state police dispatcher, and Mildred King, a homemaker, King graduated in 1967 from Denison Community High School. He attended Northwest Missouri State University from 1967 to 1970, taking courses toward becoming a wildlife officer.
In 1975, he founded King Construction, an earth moving company. King founded the Kiron Business Association in the 1980s. His involvement with the Iowa Land Improvement Contractors' Association led to regional and national offices in that organization and a growing interest in public policy.
Iowa Senate (1997-2003) - Elections
In 1996, he ran for Iowa's 6th Senate district and defeated Democrat Eileen Heiden 64%-35%. In 2000, he won re-election to a second term, defeating Democrat Dennis Ryan 70%-30%.
From 1996 to 2002, King served as an Iowa State Senator, representing the 6th district. He assisted in eliminating the inheritance tax, authored and passed into law workplace drug testing, worked for strengthening parental rights, passing tax cuts for working residents of Iowa, and passing a law that made English the official language in Iowa.
U.S. House of Representatives (2003-Present) - Elections - 2002
In 2002, after redistricting King ran for the open Iowa's 5th congressional district. He ranked first in the the four-way Republican primary with 31% of the vote. He didn't get the 50% threshold needed to win. Subsequently, a nominating convention was held which King won on the third ballot defeating State Representative Brent Siegrist 51%-47%. King won the general election, defeating Council Bluffs City Councilman Paul Shomshor 62%-38%.
He won all the counties in the district except Pottawattamie.
King won re-election to a second term, defeating Democrat Joyce Schulte, 63%-37%. He won all the counties in the district except Clarke.
In 2006, King won re-election to a third term, defeating Democrat Joyce Schulte, 59%-36%. He won all the counties in the district except Clarke and Union.
King won re-election to a fourth term, defeating Democrat Rob Hubler, 60%-37%. For the first time in his career he won all 32 counties in his district.
King won re-election to a fifth term, defeating Matt Campbell, 66%-32%. That was his highest percentage yet.
King also won all 32 counties again.
Iowa lost a district as a result of the 2010 Census. King's district was renumbered as the 4th District, and pushed well to the east, absorbing Mason City and Ames in the process. This placed King and his predecessor, Latham, in the same district. Latham opted to move to the reconfigured 3rd District to challenge Democratic incumbent Leonard Boswell. While the new district closely resembles the area Latham represented for his first four terms, it is much more competitive than King's old district.
The old 5th had a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+9 while the new 4th has a PVI of R+4.
Soon afterward, former Iowa First Lady Christie Vilsack, the wife of former Governor and current Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, announced she was moving to the new 4th to challenge King. King received endorsement from Mitt Romney, who said, "I’m looking here at Steve King because this man needs to be your congressman again. I want him as my partner in Washington, D.C." King won re-election to a sixth term, defeating Vilsack, 53%-45%. King won all but seven counties: Webster, Boone, Story, Chickasaw, Floyd, Cerro Gordo, and Winnebago. All of those counties he did not represent in the 5th district. Of the election, King stated “I faced $7 million, the best of everything Democrats can throw at me, their dream candidate and everything that can come from the Obama machine, and prevailed through all of that with 55 percent of my district that was new.”
King is considered an outspoken fiscal and social conservative. After winning the 2002 Republican nomination, he said that he intended to use his seat in Congress to "move the political center of gravity in Congress to the right."
During the 110th Congress, King voted with the majority of the Republican Party 90.9% of the time. King has continuously voted for Iraq War legislation, and has supported surge efforts and opposed a time table for troop withdrawals.
During the 112th Congress King was one of 40 "staunch" members of the Republican Study Committee who frequently voted against Republican party leadership and vocally expressed displeasure with House bills.
He was the only Representative from Iowa to score 100 percent on the joint Family Research Council Action/Focus on the Family Action Congressional Scorecard in the second session of the 109th Congress. In the 109th United States Congress, and again in the 110th Congress, King chairs the Conservative Opportunity Society, an organization founded by Newt Gingrich and others consisting of Republican members of Congress committed to representing the conservative agenda in the House of Representatives.
February 13, 2013