KOR: 대한민국(大韓民國)은 동아시아의 한반도 남반부에 자리한 공화국이다.
서쪽으로는 황해를 넘어 중화인민공화국, 동쪽으로는 동해를 넘어 일본이 있으며, 북쪽은 조선민주주의인민공화국과 맞닿아 군사적으로 대치 중이다. 수도는 서울특별시이다.
대한민국은 한국 전쟁 이후 한강의 기적이라 불리는 경제적 발전을 이루어냈다. 1960년 1인당 PPP 환산 국내총생산은 아프리카의 우간다와 비슷한 수준이었지만, 2012년 기준으로 1인당 명목기준 GDP는 $23,000, PPP 환산 기준 $30,000으로 우간다의 30배에 근접할 정도로 성장하였다. 또, 2012년 기준으로 명목 국내총생산은 세계에서 15번째로 크며, 세계은행에서 선정된 고소득 국가로, IMF에서 선진 경제국으로 분류된 국가 중 하나이며 세계 주요경제국가들의 모임인 경제 협력 개발 기구(OECD), 개발 원조 위원회(DAC)의 회원국이다.
ENG: South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, is a sovereign state located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The name "Korea" is derived from Goryeo, a dynasty which ruled in the Middle Ages. Its neighbors are China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone with a predominantly mountainous terrain. It covers a total area of 99,392 square kilometers and has a population of 50 million. The capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of 9.8 million.
Archaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula was occupied by the Lower Paleolithic period (2.6 Ma–300 Ka). Korean history begins with the founding of Gojoseon in 2333 BC by the legendary Dan-gun. Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Silla 668 AD, Korea was ruled by the Goryeo Dynasty (918–1392) and Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910).
It was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U.S. zones of occupation. An election was held the U.S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea. Although the United Nations passed a resolution declaring the Republic to be the only lawful government in Korea, the Soviets set up a rival government in the North.
The Korean War began in 1950 when forces from the North invaded the South. The war lasted three years and involved the U.S., China, the Soviet Union, and many other nations. The border between the two nations remains the most heavily fortified in the world. In the decades that followed, the South Korean economy grew significantly and the country was transformed into a major economy. Civilian government replaced military rule in 1987.
Presently, South Korea has strict gun control laws that rank them among countries with the fewest quantity of firearms per capita.
South Korea is a presidential republic consisting of seventeen administrative divisions and is a developed country with a very high standard of living. It is Asia's fourth largest economy and the world's 15th (nominal) or 12th (purchasing power parity) largest economy. The economy is export-driven, with production focusing on electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics. South Korea is a member of the United Nations, WTO, and OECD. It is also a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit.
Republic of Korea - 대한민국 - Daehan Minguk
Motto: "홍익인간" (unofficial) (English: "Benefit broadly the human world")
Anthem: 애국가 "Aegukga" (English: "Patriotic Song")
Capital (an Seoul d largest city):
Official languages: Korean
Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic