डॉ० सर्वपल्ली राधाकृष्णन (तमिल: சர்வபள்ளி ராதாகிருஷ்ணன்; ५ सितम्बर १८८८ – १७ अप्रैल १९७५) भारत के प्रथम उप-राष्ट्रपति (१९५२ - १९६२) और द्वितीय राष्ट्रपति रहे। उनका जन्म दक्षिण भारत के तिरुत्तनि स्थान में हुआ था जो चेन्नई से ६४ किमी उत्तर-पूर्व में है। उनका जन्मदिन (५ सितम्बर) भारत में शिक्षक दिवस के रूप में मनाया जाता है।
राधाकृष्णन भारतीय संस्कृति के संवाहक, प्रख्यात शिक्षाविद, महान दार्शनिक और एक आस्थावान हिन्दू विचारक थे। उनके इन्हीं गुणों के कारण सन् १९५४ में भारत सरकार ने उन्हें सर्वोच्च सम्मान भारत रत्न से अलंकृत किया था।
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (Telugu: సర్వేపల్లి రాధకృష్ణ); (5 September 1888 – 17 April 1975) was an Indian philosopher and statesman who was the first Vice President of India (1952–1962) and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967.
One of India's most influential scholars of comparative religion and philosophy, Radhakrishnan built a bridge between the East and the West by showing how the philosophical systems of each tradition are comprehensible within the terms of the other. exegeses of India's religious and philosophical literature for the English speaking world. His academic appointments included the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921–1932) and Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at Oxford University (1936–1952).
He wrote authoritative
Radhakrishan was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, in 1954. Among the many other honors he received were the British Knight Bachelor in 1931 and the commonwealth Order of Merit (1963), but ceased to use the title "Sir" after India attained independence. His birthday is celebrated in India as Teachers' Day on 5 September. He was also awarded the Templeton Prize in 1975 in recognition of the fact that "his accessible writings underscored his country’s religious heritage and sought to convey a universal reality of God that embraced love and wisdom for all people".
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born in a Niyogi Telugu Brahmin family at a village near Thiruttani India, 84 km to the northwest of Madras (now Chennai). His father's name was Sarvepalli Veeraswami and his mother's was Sitamma. His early years were spent in Tiruttani and Tirupati. His father was a subordinate revenue official in the service of a local zamindar (landlord). His primary education was at Primary Board High School at Tiruttani. In 1896 he moved to the Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheral Mission School in Tirupati.
Radhakrishnan studied philosophy by chance rather than choice.
Being a financially constrained student, when a cousin who graduated from the same college passed on his philosophy textbooks in to Radhakrishnan, it automatically decided his academic course. Later on he felt deep interest in his subject and wrote many acclaimed works on philosophy, both Eastern and Western.
Radhakrishnan stated that Western philosophers, despite all claims to objectivity, were influenced by theological influences of their own culture. He wrote books on Indian philosophy according to Western academic standards, and made all efforts for the West to give serious consideration to Indian philosophy. In his book An Idealist View of Life, he made a powerful case for the importance of intuitive thinking as opposed to purely intellectual forms of thought. He is well known for his commentaries on the namely, the Bhagavadgita, the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutra.
August 10, 2012