The Scottish National Party (SNP; Scottish Gaelic: Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Scots: Scots Naitional Pairtie) is a social-democratic political party in Scotland, United Kingdom which campaigns for Scottish independence. The SNP is the largest political party in Scotland, in terms of membership, number of MSPs and local councillors.
The SNP was founded in 1934, and has had continuous representation at Westminster since Winnie Ewing's groundbreaking victory at the 1967 Hamilton by-election. With the creation of the Scottish Parliament in 1999, the SNP became the second largest party in the legislature, serving two terms as the main party of the Opposition. In the 2007 general election the SNP won the most seats in the Scottish Parliament for the first time, forming a minority government with party leader Alex Salmond elected First Minister of Scotland. In the 2011 general election, the SNP won a landslide victory and became the first party to form a majority government in the Scottish Parliament since its resumption.
The SNP currently holds 6 of 59 Scottish seats in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom and 2 of 6 Scottish seats in the European Parliament. The SNP is also currently the largest group in Scottish local government and, in coalition, forms 12 out of 32 local administrations.
Leader: Alex Salmond
Depute Leader: Nicola Sturgeon
Westminster Group Leader: Angus Robertson
Student wing: Federa
tion of Student Nationalists
Youth wing: Young Scots for Independence
Ideology: Scottish independence, Scottish nationalism, Social democracy, Civic nationalism
June 3, 2010