Robert William "Rob" Bishop (born July 13, 1951) is the U.S. Representative for Utah's 1st congressional district, serving since 2003. He is a member of the Republican Party, and a member of the Tea Party Caucus.
Early life, education, and early career
Bishop was born in Kaysville, Utah and graduated from Davis High School. He served as a Mormon missionary in Germany from 1970 until 1972. Bishop received a bachelor's degree in political science from the University of Utah in Salt Lake City in 1974. He taught civics classes at Brigham City's Box Elder High School from 1974 to 1980; he next taught German in Ogden, Utah at Ben Lomond High School; then he returned to teaching government and history classes at Box Elder High School until his retirement from teaching in 2002.
Early political career
Bishop was a member of the Utah State House of Representatives from 1979 until 1995.
He was House Majority Leader and later served as Speaker of the House from 1992 until 1994. In 1997 he was elected chairman of the Utah Republican Party, and served for two terms in this position. He has also worked as a legislative lobbyist in Washington. After his retirement from the state legislature, Bishop returned to Box Elder High School and taught advanced placement courses while chairing the history department.
U.S. House of Representatives
In 2002, he was elected with 61% of the vote.
He has won re-election 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010 with even larger margins.
As a teacher, he has made education related issues his top priority, advocating local control of schools. He voted against No Child Left Behind and supports school vouchers. He was also a co-sponsor of a proposed amendment to guarantee a balanced federal budget.
From 2008-2010 Rob Bishop served as Chairman of the Congressional Western Caucus, where he advocated for multiple use of public lands and the need for fewer restrictions and mandates that limit use.
In May 2010 Rob Bishop joined with other conservative House members to launch the 10th Amendment Task Force. The Task Force aims to educate Congress and the public about the concept of federalism.
As a member of Congress, Rob Bishop has introduced many pieces of legislation aimed at increasing domestic energy production in the United States, such as the 3-D energy bill. He leveraged his position as Chairman of the Subcommittee over National Parks, Forests and Public Lands to stop the Department of Interior from designating areas as new defacto wilderness areas known as Wild Lands.
In February 2011, Bishop introduced an amendment during the debate on a continuing budget resolution for fiscal year 2011 that would have prohibited the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) from spending federal funds on the National Landscape Conservation System.  Bishop withdrew it before the continuing budget resolution was voted on.
After coming under fire for introducing this amendment,
When later asked the same question, Bishop conceded that oil companies do receive a drilling tax break, seemingly unaware of the dozen other tax breaks offered to the oil and gas industry. When urged by a taxpayers’ watchdog group to end all oil and gas industry tax breaks to help the federal deficit Bishop stated that he believed "Raising taxes on American energy producers and consumers will do nothing to bring down gas prices and will only further hinder job creation," and refused.
In early 2011 Bishop was criticized by local hunting groups and wildlife professionals for his support of a plan that completely defunded the North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA), and the Land and Water Conservation fund (LWCF). Through NAWCA, Utah has received $3.6 million in federal funding which has been used to stimulate more than $10.4 million in private donations.
In mid 2011, after touring of the U.S. Mexico border, Rob Bishop led the charge on introducing a border security bill, H.R. 1505 the National Security and Federal Lands Protection Act.
This bill gives the U.S. Border Patrol the authority to override specific environmental laws in order to allow the U.S. Border Patrol greater access to some of the most highly trafficked areas along the border. U.S. Border Patrol agents have cited that their efforts to address rampant criminal activity along the border have been hampered by environmental laws. The bill passed the House Natural Resources Committee and has not yet been brought before the full U.S. House of Representatives for a vote.
Similarly Congressman Bishop co-sponsored a bill put forth by House Majority whip Kevin McCarthy to remove regulations from 43 million acres (170,000 km2) of Forest Service Roadless Areas and Wilderness Study Areas to multiple use purposes.
Bishop is married to Jeralynn Hansen, a former Miss Peach Queen for Brigham City, Utah. They have five children — four sons and one daughter.
February 21st, 2012