Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (d. 26 Şubat 1954; Kasımpaşa, Beyoğlu, İstanbul), Türkiye Cumhuriyeti'nin 2003 yılından beri başbakanı ve 2002 yılından beri Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi'nin genel başkanı. Erdoğan, 1994 ve 1998 yılları arasında Refah Partisi'nden İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediye Başkanlığı'nı yürüttü.
Aksaray Yüksek Ticaret Okulu, yeni adıyla İstanbul İktisadi ve Ticari İlimler Akademisi'nden 1981 yılında mezun oldu, 18 yaşından itibaren siyasete dahil oldu. 1969-1982 yılları arasında amatör olarak futbol oynadı. 4 Temmuz 1978’de Emine Erdoğan'la evlendi. 2 kız, 2 erkek olmak üzere 4 çocukları vardır.
Erdoğan 27 Mart 1994 yerel seçimlerinde İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediye Başkanı olarak seçildi. DGM Savcılığı'nın "halkı sınıf, ırk, din, mezhep veya bölge farklılığı gözeterek kin ve düşmanlığa tahrik ettiği" gerekçesiyle açtığı davada Türk Ceza Kanununun 312. maddesinin 2. fıkrası uyarınca 10 ay hapis cezasına çarptırıldı. Cezaevinde dört ay kaldıktan sonra, 14 Ağustos 2001'de Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (AKP)'nin kurucuları arasında yer aldı ve kurucu başkanı oldu. Genel Başkanı olduğu Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi ilk kez 2002 Türkiye genel seçimlerinde %34,43'lük oy oranı ile tek başına hükûmet kurarak iktidara geldi.
12 Aralık 1997 tarihinde Siirt'te düzenlenen bir mitingde yaptığı konuşma nedeniyle Diyarbakır
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born 26 February 1954) is the 25th and current Prime Minister of Turkey, in office since 2003. He is also the chairman of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), which holds a majority of the seats in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Erdoğan served as Mayor of Istanbul from 1994 to 1998. He graduated from an Imam Hatip school, an Islamic high school, before studying in Marmara University's Faculty of Economics and Commercial Sciences, where he graduated in 1981. Erdoğan was also a semi-professional footballer from 1969 to 1982. Erdoğan was elected Mayor of Istanbul in the local elections of 27 March 1994. He was banned from office and sentenced to a ten-month prison term for reciting a poem during a public address in the province of Siirt in 1997. After less than four months in prison, Erdoğan established the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in 2001. From its first year, the AKP became the largest publicly supported political movement in Turkey. In the general election of 2002, the AKP won 34% of the vote and nearly two-thirds of the seats in parliament, forming the first single-party government since 1987.
45 years after Turkey signed an Association Agreement with the EU, the negotiations for Turkey's accession to the EU started during Erdoğan's tenure. Parallel to this, inflation, which had for decades adversely affected the country's economy, was brought under control and the Turkish Lira was re-valued. Interest rates were reduced and per capita income grew significantly.
His foreign policy vision is claimed to rest on Neo-Ottomanism, the policy according to which Turkey should maintain and increase its presence in the lands formerly ruled by the Ottoman Empire. Under his premiership, the country has consolidated its position as a regional power with global ambitions.
The AKP won the elections of 2007 making it the first time in 52 years that a party in power had increased its votes for a second term. In the 2011 general election, the AKP was re-elected for a third term and Erdoğan remained Prime Minister.
May and June 2013 saw protests against what large sections of the Turkish public perceive as a growing authoritarianism of Erdogan and his government and his policies, starting from a small sit-in in Istanbul in defense of a city park. After the police's intense reaction with burning down the tents of the demonstrators, the protests spread all over Turkey. After the demonstrations began, the police continued with tear gas and water cannons to control and clear the demonstrations.