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Biography Ramiz Alia

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Ramiz Alia Ramiz Alia
Ramiz Alia
Ishte një politikan shqiptar dhe burrë shteti. Vdiq në vitin 2011. | Was an Albanian politician and statesman. Died in 2011.
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Ramiz Alia Biography

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Ramiz Alia lindi më 18 tetor 1925 në Shkodër dhe vdiq më 7 tetor 2011 në Tiranë pasi vuante nga një komplikacion në mushkëri, (trenboembolia pulmonare). Ai u diplomua në shkollën e Partisë në Moskë (1954). Alia është një nga figurat më të rëndësishme të Partisë së Punës së Shqipërisë, i cili udhëhoqi Shqipërinë mes viteve 1984 – 1990. Gjatë kësaj periudhe Ramiz Alia ka kryer detyra të larta në drejtim të PPSH-së, rrjedhimisht edhe të shtetit shqiptar.

 

Detyrat më të rëndësishme kanë qenë: Sekretar i Parë i KQBRPSH (1949-1955), Ministër i Arsimit dhe Kulturës (1955-1958), anëtar i Byrosë Politike dhe Sekretar i KQ PPSH-së për ideologjinë (1961-1985), deputet, Kryetar i Presidiumit të Kuvendit Popullor (1982-1990), Sekretar i Parë i KQ të PPSH-së (1985-1991) dhe kryetar i Këshillit Presidencial (1991).

 

Pas zgjedhjeve të para shumëpartiake në Shqipëri të zhvilluara më 31 mars 1991, parlamenti i ri pluralist i dominuar nga deputetët e PPSH-së, më 30 prill 1991 me propozim të PPSH-së e zgjodhi Ramiz Alinë, President të Republikës. Pas zgjedhjeve të parakohshme parlamentare të 22 marsit 1992 ku fitoi koalicioni i opozitës i udhëhequr nga Partia Demokratike, më 3 prill 1992 Alia dha dorëheqje nga posti i Presidentit. Semiramis Xhuvani Alia vajza e Aleksandër Xhuvanit ishte bashkëshortja e Alisë me të cilën pati tre fëmijë. Dy vajza, Zanën, Besën, si dhe një djalë, Arbenin.

 

burimi

 

 

ENG:

 

Ramiz Tafë Alia (18 October 1925 – 7 October 2011) was the second and last Communist leader of Albania from 1985 to 1991, and the country's head of state from 1982 to 1992. He had been designated as successor by Enver Hoxha and took power after Hoxha died. Alia died on 7 October 2011 in Tirana due to lung disease, aged 85. He was the first President of Albania from 1991 to 1992.

 

Political career

After World War II, Alia resumed his duties in the Communist Youth Organization, and at the First Congress of the Albanian Party of Labor in November 1948, he was elected to its Central Committee and was assigned in the department of agitation and propaganda. When he succeeded Hoxha in 1985, the country was in grave difficulty.

 

Despite Alia's efforts to proceed with change on a limited, cautious basis, reform from above threatened to turn into reform from below, largely because of the increasingly vocal demands of Albania's youth. On 9 December 1990, student demonstrators marched from the Enver Hoxha University (now University of Tirana) at Tirana through the streets of the capital shouting slogans and demanding reforms.

 

Alia managed to remain a key political figure throughout several political crises. Nonetheless, with Albania in the throes of a grave economic crisis, Alia had to face challenges that he could not surmount. After the collapse of a coalition government in December 1991 and the Democratic Party of Albania's (DPA) landslide victory in the spring 1992 general election, he resigned as president on 3 April 1992. On 9 April the People's Assembly elected DPA leader Sali Berisha as Albania's new head of state.

 

On 21 May 1994, senior officials from the Communist regime, including Ramiz Alia, went to trial. Alia was charged with abuse of power and misappropriation of state funds, as was Adil Carçani, the former prime minister, Manush Myftiu, his deputy, and Rita Marko, a former vice-president.

 

On 30 November, the Court of Cassation reduced Alia's term by an additional three years. On 7 July 1995, Ramiz Alia was freed from jail. However, his freedom was short-lived and in 1996 he was charged with committing crimes against humanity during his term, and was imprisoned anew in March. The trial against him began on 18 February 1997, but he escaped from the prison following the unrest in the country and the desertion of the guards. Amid the unrest he appeared on State TV in an exclusive interview with Blendi Fevziu. In the late 2000s he was sometimes seen traveling to Albania from Dubai to give interviews or publicize his books.

 

Ramiz Alia died on 7 October 2011 in Can Ramiz Alia have an influence on Bamir Topi ? -redirect">Tiranë from lung disease, shortly before his 86th birthday, according to a spokesman for President Bamir Topi.

 

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January 21, 2013

updated: 2013-11-14

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