डाक्टर राजेन्द्र प्रसाद (3 दिसंबर, 1884 - 28 फरवरी, 1963) भारत के प्रथम राष्ट्रपति थे। वे भारतीय स्वाधीनता आंदोलन के प्रमुख नेताओं में से थे एवं भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस के अध्यक्ष के रूप में एक प्रमुख भूमिका निभाई। उन्होंने भारतीय संविधान के निर्माण में भी अपना प्रमुख योगदान दिया था जिसकी परिणति २६ जनवरी १९५० को भारत के एक गणतंत्र के रुप में हुई थी। राष्ट्रपति होने के अतिरिक्त उन्होंने स्वाधीन भारत में केन्द्रीय मंत्री के रुप में भी थोड़े समय के लिए काम किया था। पूरे देश में अत्यंत लोकप्रिय होने के कारण उन्हें राजेन्द्र बाबू या "देशरत्न" कहकर पुकारा जाता था।
Dr. Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was an Indian political leader who served as the first President of the Republic of India (1950–1962).
A lawyer by training, Prasad joined the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement and became a major leader from the region of Bihar. A supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, Prasad was imprisoned by British authorities during the Salt Satyagraha (1930–31) and the Quit India movement of 1942. Prasad served one term as President of the Indian National Congress from 1934 to 1935. After the 1946 elections, Prasad served as minister of food and agriculture in the central government. Upon independence in 1947, Prasad was elected president of the Constituent Assembly of India, which prepared the Constitution of India and served as its provisional parliament.
When India became a Republic in 1950, Prasad was elected its first President by the Constituent Assembly.
Following the general election of 1951, he was elected President by the electoral college of the first Parliament of India and its state legislatures. As President, Prasad established a tradition of non-partisanship and independence for the office-bearer, and retired from Congress party politics. Although a ceremonial head of state, Prasad encouraged the development of education in India and advised the Nehru government on several occasions. In 1957, Prasad was re-elected to the presidency, becoming the only president to have been elected twice for the office.
19th November 09