प्रतिभा पाटील (डिसेंबर १९, इ.स. १९३४ - हयात) या भारतीय प्रजासत्ताकाच्या १२ व्या राष्ट्रपती आहेत. माजी राष्ट्रपती ए.पी.जे. अब्दुल कलाम यांच्या कार्यकाळानंतर जुलै २५, इ.स. २००७ रोजी त्यांनी राष्ट्रपतीपदाची जबाबदारी स्वीकारली. भारताच्या राष्ट्रपतीपदावर नेमल्या गेलेल्या त्या पहिल्या महिला आहेत.
राष्ट्रपतीपदापूर्वी त्या राजस्थानच्या १६व्या राज्यपाल होत्या.
तत्पूर्वी त्या राज्यसभेच्या उपसभापती व इ.स. १९६२ ते इ.स. १९८५ दरम्यान महाराष्ट्राच्या विधानसभेत आमदार होत्या.
source in Marathi language
प्रतिभा देवीसिंह पाटिल (उपनाम:प्रतिभा ताई) (जन्म १९ दिसंबर १९३४) स्वतन्त्र भारत के ६० साल के इतिहास में पहली महिला राष्ट्रपति तथा क्रमानुसार १२वीं राष्ट्रपति रही हैं। राष्ट्रपति चुनाव में प्रतिभा पाटिल ने अपने प्रतिद्वंदी भैरोंसिंह शेखावत को तीन लाख से ज़्यादा मतों से हराया था। प्रतिभा पाटिल को ६,३८,११६ मूल्य के मत मिले, जबकि भैरोंसिंह शेखावत को ३,३१,३०६ मत मिले। उन्होंने २५ जुलाई २०१२ को संसद के सेण्ट्रल हॉल में आयोजित समारोह में नव निर्वाचित राष्ट्रपति प्रणव मुखर्जी को अपना कार्यभार सौंपते हुए राष्ट्रपति भवन से विदा ली।
Pratibha Devisingh Patil (born 19 December 1934) is an Indian politician who served as the 12th President of India from 2007 to 2012; she was the first woman to hold the office. She was sworn in as President on 25 July 2007, succeeding Abdul Kalam, after defeating her rival Bhairon Singh Shekhawat. She retired from the office in July 2012. She was succeeded as President by Pranab Mukherjee. Patil is a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) and was nominated for the presidency by the governing United Progressive Alliance and Indian Left.
Pratibha Devisingh Patil is the daughter of Narayan Rao Patil. She was born on 19 December 1934 in the village of Nadgaon, in the Jalgaon district of Maharashtra, India. She was educated initially at RR Vidyalaya, Jalgaon and subsequently was awarded a Masters degree in Political Science and Economics by Mooljee Jetha College, Jalgaon, and then a Bachelor of Law degree by Government Law College, Mumbai. Patil then began to practice law at the Jalgaon District Court, while also taking interest in social issues such as improving the conditions faced by Indian women.
Patil married Devisingh Ransingh Shekhawat on 7 July 1965. The couple have a son and a daughter.
The BBC has described Patil's political career prior to assuming Presidential office as "long and largely low-key". In 1962, at the age of 27, she was elected to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly for the Jalgaon constituency. Thereafter she won in the Muktainagar (formerly Edlabad) constituency on four consecutive occasions between 1967 and 1985, before becoming a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha between 1985 and 1990. In the 1991 elections for the 10th Lok Sabha, she was elected as a Member of Parliament representing the Amravati constituency.
A period of retirement from politics followed later in that decade.
Patil had held various Cabinet portfolios during her period in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and she had also held official positions while in both the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. In addition, she had been for some years the president of the Maharashtra Pradesh Congress Committee and also held office as Director of the National Federation of Urban Co-operative Banks and Credit Societies and as a Member of the Governing Council of the National Co-operative Union of India.
On 8 November 2004 she was appointed as the 24th Governor of Rajasthan and she was the first woman to hold that office, and, according to the BBC, was "a low-profile" incumbent. Patil won the election held on 19 July 2007. She garnered nearly two-thirds of the votes and took office as India's first woman president on 25 July 2007. The office of president has a five-year term and Patil retired from the role in July 2012.
August 10, 2012