Patrick Joseph "Pat" Toomey, Sr. (born November 17, 1961) is the junior United States Senator from Pennsylvania and a member of the Republican Party. Previously, Toomey served as the U.S. Representative for Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district from 1999 to 2005. He narrowly lost the Republican primary for United States Senate in 2004. From 2005 to 2009, he served as president of the Club for Growth. He was elected to the United States Senate on November 2, 2010.
Born in Providence, Rhode Island, Toomey was raised by Catholic parents, and was one of six children.
He attended La Salle Academy on scholarship and graduated from Harvard University with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in political science. Toomey was hired by Chemical Bank in 1984, where he was involved in currency swap transactions. In 1986, Toomey was hired by Morgan, Grenfell & Co., where he dealt in multiple foreign currencies, interest rates, and currency-related derivatives. In 1991, Toomey resigned from the firm when it was acquired by Deutsche Bank in order to avoid the decreased flexibility and entrepreneurship that the acquisition would have caused. The same year, Toomey and two younger brothers, Steven and Michael, opened Rookie's Restaurant in Allentown, Pennsylvania.In 1994, aged 32, Toomey was elected to Allentown's newly established Government Study Commission. During his term, Toomey drafted a new charter for the Commission requiring a super-majority for any tax increase. The charter was approved by Allentown voters on April 23, 1996.
U.S. House of Representatives
In 1998, Toomey ran for the 15th District seat being vacated by the Democratic incumbent Paul McHale against state Senator and future Allentown Mayor Roy Afflerbach. Toomey won by a ten-point margin. Toomey was reelected two more times by relatively comfortable margins.
He did not run for reelection to his House seat in 2004, fulfilling a pledge that he had signed in 1998 to serve only three terms. Toomey served as the U.S. Representative for Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district from 1999 to 2005. While serving in the United States House of Representatives he distinguished himself as a fiscal expert. Honoring his three-term pledge, he did not seek reelection in 2004.
In 2004, Toomey challenged incumbent Senator Arlen Specter in the Republican primary election. Aided by $2 million of advertising from the Club for Growth, Toomey's campaign theme was that Specter was not a conservative, especially on fiscal issues. However, most of the state's Republican establishment closed ranks behind Specter. This included endorsements by Pennsylvania's other Senator, Rick Santorum and by President George W. Bush.
Toomey lost the election by a 1.7% margin. On April 15, 2009, Toomey announced his intention to once again challenge Specter in the Republican senatorial primary. On April 28, 2009, Specter announced that he was switching parties and would run as a Democrat in 2010 after polls showed him losing to Toomey in the primary. Specter's withdrawal left Toomey as the front runner for the 2010 Republican nomination. Toomey won the Republican Senate primary on May 18, 2010. On November 2, 2010 he was elected to the United States Senate defeating Democrat Joe Sestak. Toomey was elected to the United States Senate on November 2, 2010. His term began on January 3, 2011. He joined the Congressional Hispanic Conference, a caucus which he was an original member of in his days in the House.
Based on his three terms in United States House of Representatives, the conservative American Conservative Union (ACU) has assigned Toomey a lifetime congressional rating of 97%, and the liberal Americans for Democratic Action (ADA) a lifetime "Liberal Quotient" of 6%. The ACLU has given Toomey a 13% lifetime rating on civil rights. In January 2005 Toomey became president of the Club for Growth, which had greatly supported his 2004 race against Specter. Toomey identifies as pro-life. Toomey received a 100% by the National Right to Life Committee. He has stated that he supports imposing jail terms for doctors who perform abortions. In his first term as a congressman, Toomey won $9 million overall in earmark funding to his district. In successive terms in Congress, he swore off earmarks and signed the "No Pork" pledge as a senate candidate. Pat Toomey has strongly supported increased school choice and charter schools. Toomey opposed the passage of the Medicare Prescription Drug Act which he argued was fiscally irresponsible.Toomey's 2012 budget proposal called for turning Medicaid into a block grant to states and cutting federal funding for the program by half by 2021. Toomey has been a consistent advocate of reducing and eliminating taxes.
In November 1997, Toomey married Kris Ann Duncan. They have three children, Bridget, Patrick and Duncan.
August 10th, 2011