KOR - 조선민주주의인민공화국(朝鮮民主主義人民共和國, 영어: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK)은 아시아의 한반도(조선반도) 북부에 자리잡고 있는 국가로 공식 약칭은 조선(朝鮮)이다. 수도는 평양이며, 공산주의 국가 중 하나이다. 국가 이념은 선군정치(先軍政治·군 우선 정치)와 주체사상이다. 북쪽으로는 압록강과 두만강을 경계로 중국, 러시아와 접하며, 남쪽으로는 휴전선을 경계로 대한민국(한국, 남한)과 접한다. 지정학상 대한민국, 중화인민공화국, 몽골, 일본, 중화민국(타이완)과 함께 동아시아를 이룬다. 1945년 제2차 세계 대전이 끝나고 독립했으며, 소련의 군정을 거친 후, 김일성을 수상(후에 주석이 됨.)으로, 박헌영·홍명희 등을 부수상으로 하여 1948년 9월 9일 정부를 수립했다.
ENG - North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) (Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a state in East Asia, occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pyongyang. The Korean Demilitarized Zone serves as the buffer area between North Korea and South Korea. The Amnok (or Yalu) River is the border between North Korea and People's Republic of China. The Tumen River in the extreme north-east is the border with Russia.
The peninsula was governed by the Korean Empire until it was occupied by Japan following the Russo-Japanese War of 1905. It was divided into Soviet and American occupied zones in 1945, following the end of World War II. North Korea refused to participate in a United Nations-supervised election held in the south in 1948, which led to the creation of separate Korean governments for the two occupation zones. Both North and South Korea claimed sovereignty over the peninsula as a whole, which led to the Korean War of 1950. A 1953 armistice temporarily ended the fighting; however, the two countries are officially still at war with each other, as a peace treaty was never signed. Both states were accepted into the United Nations in 1991. On May 26, 2009, North Korea unilaterally withdrew from the armistice.
North Korea is a single-party state under a united front led by the Korean Workers' Party. The country's government styles itself as following the Juche ideology of self-reliance, developed by Kim Il-sung, the country's former leader. Juche became the official state ideology in 1972, when the country adopted a new constitution, though Kim Il-sung had been using the ideology to form policy since 1963. Though nominally a socialist republic, it is widely considered by the outside world to be a de facto authoritarian/totalitarian Stalinist dictatorship. The current leader is Kim Jong-il, the late president Kim Il-sung's son.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea - 조선민주주의인민공화국 - Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk
Motto: 강성대국 "Powerful and Prosperous Nation"
Anthem: Aegukka (English: The Patriotic Song)
Capital (and largest city): Pyongyang
Official languages: Korean
Government: Hereditary autocracy, Juche political religion, Single-party communist state
- Eternal President of the Republic: Kim Il-sung (deceased) a
- Chairman of the National Defence Commission: Kim Jong-ilb
- President of the Supreme People's Assembly: Kim Yong-namc
- Premier: Kim Yong-il