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菅直人  菅直人 
菅直人 
日本の政治家、日本の元首相。 | Japanese politician, and former Prime Minister of Japan.
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菅直人

JPN:

 

菅 直人(かん なおと、1946年(昭和21年)10月10日 - )は、日本の政治家、弁理士。衆議院議員(11期)、民主党最高顧問。

 

閣僚としては厚生大臣(第85代)、財務大臣(第13代)、内閣府特命担当大臣(科学技術政策担当、経済財政政策担当)、内閣総理大臣(第94代)、党職としては社会民主連合副代表、新党さきがけ副代表、民主党代表(初代・第3代、第8代)などを歴任した。

 

幼少期

1946年10月10日、岡山県出身の父・菅寿雄の勤務先、山口県宇部市に長男として生まれた。本籍地は岡山県久米郡福渡町(現在の岡山市北区建部町)。父・寿雄は宇部曹達(現セントラル硝子)に勤める技術者(のち常務)だった。母は純子。姉が一人いる。

 

宇部市立神原小学校をへて 1959年3月に宇部市立琴芝小学校卒業。1962年3月、宇部市立神原中学校卒業。同年4月山口県立宇部高等学校へ進学。少年時代は、勉強はできるが運動神経は鈍かった。幕末の志士・高杉晋作に憧れていた。この頃は父と同じ東京工業大学に進み、サラリーマン技術者になろうと考えていた。 1963年、高校2年生の夏、父の転勤に伴い菅一家は東京都三鷹市に引っ越し、東京都立小山台高等学校2年に編入。父は再度の転勤で三重県に引っ越すが菅は姉と東京に残る。その後、津田塾大学に入学していた従姉の伸子が菅家で下宿を始める。1965年3月、卒業。

 

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ENG:

 

Naoto Kan ( Kan Naoto, born 10 October 1946) is a Japanese politician, and former Prime Minister of Japan. In June 2010, then-Finance Minister Kan was elected as the leader of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) and designated Prime Minister by the Diet to succeed Yukio Hatoyama. Kan was the first Prime Minister of Japan since the resignation of Junichiro Koizumi in 2006 to serve for more than 1 year, with predecessors Yukio Hatoyama, Tarō Asō, Yasuo Fukuda, and Shinzō Abe either resigning prematurely or losing an election. On 26 August 2011, Kan announced his resignation. Yoshihiko Noda was formally appointed as Prime Minister on 2 September 2011. On 1 August 2012, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced Kan would be one of the members of the UN high-level panel on the post-2015 development agenda.

 

Early life

Kan was born in Ube City, Yamaguchi Prefecture, as the son of Hisao Kan, an executive for a glass manufacturer. He graduated in 1970 from the Tokyo Institute of Technology and became a licensed benrishi (patent agent/attorney) in 1971. His hobbies are go, shogi and origami. Kan built a machine to calculate the complicated mahjong point system and applied for a patent in 1973.

 

Political career

He gained national popularity in 1996, when serving as the Minister of Health and Welfare, admitting the government's responsibility for the spread of HIV-tainted blood in the 1980s and directly apologized to victims. At that time, he was a member of a small party forming the ruling coalition with the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).

 

During the campaign of the election of 2003, the DPJ called the election as the choice of the government between the ruling LDP-bloc and the DPJ, with Kan being presented as the alternative candidate to then Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi. His face was used as the trademark of the campaign against the LDP.

 

However, in 2004 Kan was accused of unpaid annuities and forced to again resign the position of leader. On 10 May 2004, he officially announced his resignation and made the Shikoku Pilgrimage. Later, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare spokesman apologized, saying the unpaid record was due to an administrative error.

 

In mid-October 2005, Kan, who turned 60 in 2006, proposed the creation of a new political party to be called the "Dankai (baby boomer) Party." The initial intent of the party was to offer places of activity for the Japanese baby boomers – 2.7 million of whom began to retire en masse in 2007.

 

On 6 January 2010, he was picked by Yukio Hatoyama to be the new Finance Minister, assuming the post in addition to deputy prime minister. Subsequently, on 4 June, Kan was designated Prime Minister by the Diet. On 8 June, Emperor Akihito formally appointed Kan as the country's 94th Prime Minister, and the 29th postwar Prime Minister.

 

During the December 16 2012 Tokyo gubernatorial election called due to the resignation of incumbent Governor Shintaro Ishihara, the Democratic Party of Japan itself did not endorse any candidate, but former but Kan supported Kenji Utsunomiya, who shared Kan's anti-nuclear stance. Ultimately Utsunomiya came second in the election, losing to Naoki Inose who had been vice-governor under Ishihara from 2007 to 2012, and then acting governor after Ishihara's abrupt resignation.

 

In the December 16 2012 general election called by Kan's successor Noda, Kan lost his seat in Tokyo's Number 18 District, but retained a seat in the diet through the proportional representation system.

 

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19th November 08

updated: 2013-04-16

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