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Die NNP was 'n Suid-Afrikaanse konserwatiewe politieke party. | The New National Party was a South African political party. Merged into ANC in 2005.
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NNP

AFR:

 

Die Nuwe Nasionale Party (NNP) is gevorm vanuit die ou Nasionale Party, nadat die party homself onttrek het aan die Regering van Nasionale Eenheid saam met die ANC. Die naamverandering is gedoen in 'n poging om die party te skei van sy verlede met die instelling en onderhoud van apartheid, en om die party te vernuwe as 'n gematigde, nie-rassige federale party.

 

Die eerste leier was FW de Klerk, wenner van die Nobelprys vir Vrede tesame met Nelson Mandela, vir sy rol in die afskaffing van apartheid. Die laaste leier van dié party was Marthinus van Schalkwyk. Die party het 'n samewerkingsooreenkoms met die ANC gesluit, wat baie van sy lede ontnugter het.

 

In die 1999 Algemene Verkiesing was die party feitlik uitgewis op nasionale vlak, maar het baie invloed behou in die Wes-Kaap. Tydens die Suid-Afrikaanse algemene verkiesing van 2004 het meeste van die oorblywende ondersteuning die party verlaat, deels weens ongelukkigheid oor die party se alliansie met die ANC, deels oor wat beken geword het uit die Waarheids-en-Versoeningskommissie. Die nasionale ondersteuning van 6.9% het in 1999 na 1.9% geval (dit was 20.4% in 1994, toe nog as die Nasionale Party). Met die voorheen regerende party nou slegs die sesde grootste party in die land word vrae gevra oor die party se langtermyn toekoms, asook die leierskap van Van Schalkwyk. Ten spyte van die party se powere uitslag in die 2004 verkiesing is Van Schalkwyk die pos van Minister van Omgewingsake en Toerisme toegeken weens die alliansie wat hy gesluit het met die ANC.

 

Op 9 April 2005 het die federale raad van die NNP amptelik besluit om die party te ontbind. Die party het ophou bestaan om middernag van die dag waarop uitslae aangekondig was van die plaaslike regeringsverkiesings, wat plaasgevind het op 1 Maart, 2006.

 

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ENG:

 

The New National Party (NNP) was a South African conservative political party formed in 1997 when the National Party pulled out of the Government of National Unity with the African National Congress and decided to change its name in the process. The name change was an attempt to distance itself from its apartheid past, and reinvent itself as a moderate, non-racial federal party. The attempt was largely unsuccessful and the New National Party voted to disband itself in 2005.

 

Its first leader was former president of South Africa F. W. de Klerk, the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize along with Nelson Mandela, for his role in dismantling apartheid. De Klerk was succeeded by Marthinus van Schalkwyk until the eventual disbanding and merger with the African National Congress.

 

The New National Party had some difficulty carving out a political base in post-apartheid South Africa. On the one hand, the NNP still had the legacy of its role under apartheid. On the other hand, it seemed uncertain about its relationship with the government under the African National Congress and seemed unable to decide whether it was in a political alliance with the ANC or in opposition. These two issues led to defections to the Democratic Party which had a historical legacy of being anti-apartheid and was clearly an opposition party to the ANC.

 

The 1999 South African general election saw the party losing much of its support as well as its status as official opposition nationally and in most provinces. It remained influential however in the Western Cape despite being pushed into second place there by the African National Congress. One big aim of the party remained; to regain its position as the dominant in the Western Cape. The NNP was also part of a short-lived alliance with the Democratic Party for which purpose the Democratic Party changed its name into Democratic Alliance. After leaving the alliance, the NNP allied itself with the ruling ANC.

 

Leader: Marthinus van Schalkwyk

Founded: 1997

Dissolved: 2005

Preceded by: National Party

Merged into: African National Congress

Ideology: Conservatism, Afrikaner nationalism

 

source

3 November 2008

updated: 2013-04-24

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