Polaiteoir Éireannach is ea Máirtín Mag Aonghusa (Béarla: Martin McGuinness) (Lán-ainm James Martin Pacelli McGuinness). Saolaíodh ar an 23 Bealtaine, 1950 i nDoire é. Is ball d'Ard Chomhairle Shinn Féin é, agus ceapadh é mar leas-phríomhaire ar Thuaisceart na hÉireann sa bhliain 2007.
D'admhaigh McGuinness go raibh sé ina bhall den IRA Sealadach san 1970dí. Ag druidim le Comaontú Aoine an Chéasta d'éirigh sé ina phríom-idirbheartaí as Sinn Féin. Tar éis toghchán 1997 bhí sé ina bhall tionóil agus ceapadh é ina Aire Oideachais san Fheidhmeannacht Roinnte Cumhachta.
Ainmníodh é ag Sinn Féin do toghchán uachtaránachta na hÉireann ar an 16 Meán Fómhair 2011, agus d'éirigh sé as post an leasChéad-Aire.
James Martin Pacelli McGuinness (Irish: Máirtín Mag Aonghusa; born 23 May 1950) is an Irish Sinn Féin politician who has been the deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland since 2007. He was also Sinn Féin's unsuccessful candidate for President of Ireland in the 2011 election.
A former Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) leader, McGuinness was the MP for Mid Ulster from 1997 until his resignation on 2 January 2013. Like all Sinn Féin MPs, McGuinness practised abstentionism in relation to the Westminster Parliament. Following the St Andrews Agreement and the Assembly election in 2007, he became deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland on 8 May 2007, with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) Leader Ian Paisley becoming First Minister. On 5 June 2008 he was re-appointed as deputy First Minister to serve alongside Peter Robinson, who succeeded Paisley as First Minister. McGuinness previously served as Minister of Education in the Northern Ireland Executive between 1999 and 2002.
McGuinness has acknowledged that he is a former IRA member but claims that he left the IRA in 1974. On 9 December 1982, McGuinness, Gerry Adams and Danny Morrison were banned from entering Great Britain under the Prevention of Terrorism Act by William Whitelaw, by then Home Secretary . In 2005, Michael McDowell, the Irish Tánaiste, claimed McGuinness, along with Gerry Adams and Martin Ferris, were members of the seven-man IRA Army Council. McGuinness denied the claims, saying he was no longer an IRA member. Experienced "Troubles" journalist Peter Taylor presented further apparent evidence of McGuinness's role in the IRA in his documentary Age of Terror, shown in April 2008. In his documentary, Taylor alleges that McGuinness was the head of the IRA's Northern Command and had advance knowledge of the IRA's 1987 Enniskillen bombing, which left 11 civilians dead.
- Chief negotiator and Minister of Education
He became Sinn Féin's chief negotiator in the time leading to the Good Friday Agreement. He was elected to the Northern Ireland Forum in 1996 representing Foyle.
One of his controversial acts as Minister of Education was his decision to scrap the 11-plus exam, which he himself had failed as a schoolchild. He was re-elected to the Westminster Parliament in 2001, 2005 and 2010.
- St Andrews Agreement and deputy First Minister
In the weeks following the St Andrews Agreement between Paisley and Adams, the four parties — the DUP, Sinn Féin, the UUP and the SDLP — indicated their choice of ministries in the Executive and nominated members to fill them. The Assembly convened on 8 May 2007 and Ian Paisley and Martin McGuinness were nominated as First Minister and deputy First Minister respectively. On 12 May the Sinn Féin Ard Chomhairle agreed to take up three places on the Policing Board, and nominated three MLAs to take them.
- 2011 presidential campaign
On 16 September 2011 McGuinness was announced as the Sinn Féin candidate in the 2011 Irish presidential election. In the election held on 27 October McGuinness placed third in the first preference vote, behind Michael D. Irish citizen, he is not ordinarily resident in the Republic of Ireland. Following his defeat, McGuinness formally returned to the role of deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland on 31 October.
Higgins and Seán Gallagher. McGuinness was the only candidate who was ineligible to vote in the election as, although he is an
- Resignation from the House of Commons
On 30 December 2012 McGuinness announced that he had formally resigned as the MP for Mid-Ulster stating "I have served formal notice of my resignation from the position of MP for Mid-Ulster with immediate effect. This is in line with my party's commitment to end double jobbing.". In order to formally do this, however, he was appointed to the Stewardship of the Manor of Northstead on 2 January 2013 by Chancellor George Osborne.