ENG: Michael Richard "Mike" Pence (born June 7, 1959) is an American politician who has been the 50th Governor of Indiana since 2013. A Republican, Pence previously served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013.
Pence was Chairman of the House Republican Conference from 2009 to 2011. After the 2010 election, Pence announced that he would not run for re-election as the committee's chair. On May 5, 2011, Pence officially announced that he would seek the Republican nomination for Governor of Indiana in 2012. Pence's announcement was anticipated by his resignation of his leading position in the GOP caucus in the House. On November 6, 2012, Pence narrowly won the 2012 Indiana gubernatorial election over Democratic nominee John R.
Gregg and Libertarian Party nominee Rupert Boneham.
Early life, education and career
Pence was born in Columbus, Indiana, one of six children of Nancy Jane (née Cawley) and Edward J. Pence, Jr., who ran a string of gas stations. His family was of Irish Catholic descent (Pence later converted to Evangelical Christianity). He was named after his grandfather, Richard Michael Cawley, a Chicago bus driver who came to the United States from Ireland through Ellis Island. He attended Columbus North High School, graduated from Hanover College in 1981, and earned his J.D.
from the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law in 1986. While at Hanover, Pence joined the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, serving as his chapter's president.
Personal life and family
Pence and his wife Karen have three children: Michael, Charlotte, and Audrey. Michael is a student at Purdue University. Charlotte is a student at DePaul University.
Pence is a declared Christian and attends Community Church of Greenwood in Greenwood, Indiana. During his service in the U.S. House, the Pence family lived in Arlington, Virginia when Congress was in session.
Political campaigns - Congressional campaigns
Pence ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 1988 and 1990, losing to longtime Democratic incumbent Phil Sharp with the direct endorsement of President Ronald Reagan. Many[who?] considered Pence's political future dead at that point.
In 2000, Pence was elected after six-year incumbent David M. McIntosh opted to run for governor of Indiana.
His first term in Congress began in January 2001. The 6th District comprises all or portions of 19 counties in eastern Indiana, and was numbered as the 2nd District during his first term in Congress. He has been reelected four more times by comfortable margins. In the 2006 House elections, he defeated Democrat Barry Welsh. He was listed as one of the top ten legislators by Esquire magazine in 2008.
Pence had been encouraged by William Kristol of The Weekly Standard, among others, to run in 2010 against incumbent Democratic Senator Evan Bayh.
Pence led Senator Bayh by a 3 point margin according to Rasmussen polling done on January 21 and 24, 2010. On January 26, 2010, in an open letter to friends and supporters through Facebook, Pence announced his decision not to run for the Senate; he cited his role in the Republican leadership and the belief that Republicans would win back the House in 2010 as his reasons for staying in the House of Representatives.
House Republican leadership campaigns - 2006
On November 8, 2006, Mike Pence announced his candidacy for leader of the Republican Party (minority leader) in the United States House of Representatives.
Pence's release announcing his run for minority leader focused on a "return to the values" of the 1994 Republican Revolution. He said regarding the Contract with America: "Our opponents will say that the American people rejected our Republican vision. I say the American people didn't quit on the Contract with America, we did. And in so doing, we severed the bonds of trust between our party and millions of our most ardent supporters..."
Some political analysts, such as Robert D. Novak, say Pence benefited in the long run from the endorsement of numerous organizations and individuals aligned with the party's base. Some of those include Human Events, Laura Ingraham, and Rush Limbaugh. Ingraham stated on her show, "If there is a God in heaven, (Pence) will be the next House minority leader." Pence also received support from the Club for Growth, The Wall Street Journal and David Keene from the American Conservative Union.
On November 17, Pence lost to Representative John Boehner of Ohio by a vote of 168-27-1 (the one vote went to Representative Joe Barton of Texas).
After defeating Reverend Barry Welsh in the 2008 House election, Pence was elected by his GOP colleagues to become the Republican Conference Chairman, the third-highest-ranking Republican leadership position. He ran unopposed and was elected unanimously. He is the first Representative from Indiana to hold a House leadership position since 1981.
Potential presidential campaigns
Mike Pence was mentioned as a possible candidate for President in 2008, but he didn't run. In June 2009, an MSNBC political blog listed him as one of a dozen or so possible Republican candidates for President in 2012. In September 2010, Pence was the top choice for President in a straw poll conducted by the Value Voters Summit.
Pence announced that he would not run for president in the 2012 elections on January 27, 2011. On May 5, 2011, he announced that he will be seeking the Republican nomination for Governor of Indiana in 2012.
2012 gubernatorial campaign
Pence won the race for governor in 2012 against Democratic nominee John R. Gregg and Libertarian nominee Rupert Boneham. Incumbent Republican Governor Mitch Daniels was term-limited.
February 13, 2013