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Biography Mark Rutte

> Netherlands > Politicians > Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie > Mark Rutte
Mark Rutte Mark Rutte
Mark Rutte
Een Nederlands politicus. Minister-president van Nederland en minister van Algemene Zaken. | The current Prime Minister of the Netherlands.
Prime minister
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Mark Rutte Biography

NLD:

 

Mark Rutte (Den Haag, 14 februari 1967) is een Nederlands politicus. Sinds 14 oktober 2010 is hij minister-president van Nederland en minister van Algemene Zaken. Op 5 november 2012 werd zijn tweede kabinet, kabinet-Rutte II, beëdigd. Hij is tevens politiek leider van de Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie (VVD).

 

Na een gymnasiumopleiding in zijn geboortestad Den Haag volgde Rutte vanaf 1985 een geschiedenisstudie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Leiden, die hij voltooide in 1992. Ook was hij van 1988 tot 1991 voorzitter van de JOVD. Na zijn studie werkte Rutte gedurende tien jaar bij het levensmiddelenbedrijf Unilever op de afdeling personeelszaken en zat hij enige jaren in het partijbestuur van de VVD.

 

In 2002 stapte Rutte over van het bedrijfsleven naar de landelijke politiek. Hij was staatssecretaris van Sociale Zaken en vervolgens van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap in het eerste en tweede kabinet-Balkenende; tussen deze kabinetten in was hij nog kortstondig Tweede Kamerlid. Rutte verruilde in 2006 zijn staatssecretariaat voor het fractievoorzitterschap in de Tweede Kamer om zo als lijsttrekker zijn partij te leiden bij de verkiezingen van dat jaar. Die mondden uit in een nederlaag voor de VVD, waarna Rutte als leider van de fractie in de Tweede Kamer bleef. Bij de Tweede Kamerverkiezingen 2010 werd de VVD onder leiding van Rutte met 31 zetels de grootste partij en werd het kabinet-Rutte I gevormd, bestaande uit de VVD en het christendemocratische CDA, gedoogd door de PVV. Nadat de PVV in april 2012 haar gedoogsteun opzegde, werd het kabinet demissionair en trad af op 5 november 2012.

 

Bij de verkiezingen in 2012 wist Rutte de VVD naar 41 zetels te leiden, een recordaantal voor de partij en voldoende om opnieuw als winnaar de kabinetsformatie in te gaan. Na onderhandelingen met de tweede partij in de Tweede Kamer, de PvdA werd op 5 november 2012 het kabinet-Rutte II beëdigd.

 

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ENG:

 

Mark Rutte (orn 14 February 1967) is a Dutch politician who has been the Prime Minister of the Netherlands since 14 October 2010 and the Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie - VVD) since 29 June 2006. He previously served as State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment from 22 July 2002 to 17 June 2004, and State Secretary for Education, Culture and Science from 17 June 2004 until 27 June 2006, when he was elected to succeed Jozias van Aartsen as the new VVD Leader.

 

At the 2006 general election, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy under Rutte lost six seats and he became opposition leader. At the following general election in 2010, the VVD won the highest number of votes cast, resulting in their occupying 31 of the 150 seats in the House of Representatives. After a long formation period, Rutte became Prime Minister and formed a Cabinet. When he was sworn in on 14 October 2010, he became the first Liberal Prime Minister of the Netherlands in 92 years. He offered his government's resignation on 23 April 2012 after an impasse in talks on an austerity budget, prompting a general election in which the VVD won its highest number of seats ever, which led to a coalition being formed with the VVD and Labour Party. On 5 November 2012, the Second Rutte cabinet was installed by Queen Beatrix.

 

Personal life

Mark Rutte is unmarried and thus a bachelor. He is a member of the Calvinist Reformed Protestant Church in the Netherlands. He still teaches two hours a week at the Johan de Witt College in The Hague.

 

Political career

Between 1993 and 1997 he was a member of the national board of the VVD. He also served as a member of the VVD candidate committee for the general election of 2002. He was himself elected as a member of parliament in 2003.

 

Rutte served as State Secretary in the Social Affairs and Employment from 22 July 2002 to 17 June 2004 in the first and second Balkenende cabinets. He was responsible for fields including bijstand (municipal welfare) and arbeidsomstandigheden (Occupational safety and health). After the 2003 elections Rutte was briefly also a member of the House of Representatives, between 30 January and 27 May 2003. Rutte resigned as State Secretary in June 2006 to return to the House of Representatives, and he soon became the Parliamentary leader of the VVD. Rutte became an important figure within the VVD leadership. He was campaign manager for the 2006 municipal elections.

 

On 31 May 2006, it was announced that Mark Rutte would be the next 'lijsttrekker' of the VVD. He was elected by 51.5% of party members. After repeated criticisms by Rita Verdonk on the policy of the VVD, Rutte expelled her from the party's parliamentary faction on 14 September 2007.

 

After garnering support for such a coalition, Rutte was appointed as formateur (prime minister-designate) on 8 October 2010. Rutte then appointed the ministers, with Maxime Verhagen (CDA) as his deputy prime minister. On 14 October, Beatrix formally invited Rutte to form a government. Later that day, Rutte presented his Cabinet team to Parliament, and it was confirmed in office by the smallest possible majority.

 

In the Dutch general election, 2012, Rutte was the VVD's lijsttrekker for the third time. The party won 41 seats and remained the largest party in the House of Representatives. On 5 November 2012, the Second Rutte cabinet was formed, a coalition cabinet with the Labour Party (PvdA).

 

source

November 9, 2010

updated: 2013-05-22

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