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Biography Margrethe II of Denmark

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Margrethe II of Denmark Margrethe II of Denmark
Margrethe II of Denmark
Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid er siden 14. januar 1972 Danmarks regent. | The Queen regnant of Denmark.
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Margrethe II of Denmark Biography

DAN:

 

Hendes Majestæt Dronning Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid, Danmarks dronning) (født 16. april 1940 på Amalienborg Slot) er siden 14. januar 1972 Danmarks regent. Hun er datter af Kong Frederik 9. og Dronning Ingrid. Margrethe II er gift med Henrik, Prinsgemalen med hvem hun har sønnerne Kronprins Frederik og Prins Joachim.

 

Formalia

Margrethe II er Danmarks dronning i medfør af Tronfølgeloven af 1953, og tilhører den glücksburgske slægt. Dronningen tituleres Hendes Majestæt Dronning Margrethe II i tiltale Deres Majestæt. Hun har residensbolig i Christian IX's Palæ på Amalienborg Slot. Fredensborg Slot benyttes som bolig i forårs- og efterårsperioden, mens Marselisborg Slot i Århus benyttes en del af sommeren. Derudover ejer regentparret vinslottet Château de Cayx i Frankrig, hvor de hvert år holder sommerferie under private former. Idet Margrethe II er barnebarn af Margareta af Connaught er hun nr. 321 i den britiske tronfølge.

 

Dronning

Ved sin fars død den 14. januar 1972 besteg hun tronen som Margrethe 2. af Danmark. Hun blev udråbt som dronning fra Christiansborg Slots balkon af statsminister Jens Otto Krag den 15. januar 1972. Dronningen valgte som valgsprog: Guds hjælp, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke.

 

Dronning Margrethe blev fejlagtigt betegnet som den anden Margrethe-dronning. Margrete 1. var imidlertid ikke dronning, idet datiden i 1300-tallet kun tillod kvinder som Danmarks riges formynder. Hun var formynder for sin søn Oluf, men ved hans død i 1387 valgte Rigsrådet Margrete til regent. Margrethe 2. er officielt den første regerende dronning af Danmark, idet kvindelig arvefølge først blev indført med grundlovsændringen af 1953.

 

Dronning Margrethe blev farmor første gang den 28. august 1999, da Prins Joachim og hans daværende hustru Prinsesse Alexandra (nu Alexandra, grevinde af Frederiksborg) fødte Prins Nikolai. Siden fulgte 6 børnebørn, hvoraf tronarvingen Christian Valdemar Henri John (Prins Christian), søn af Kronprins Frederik og Kronprinsesse Mary, fødtes den 15. oktober 2005.

 

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ENG:

 

Margrethe II, sometimes anglicised as Margaret II (full name: Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid; born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant of Denmark. As the eldest child of King Frederick IX and Ingrid of Sweden, she succeeded her father upon his death on 14 January 1972. On her accession, she became the first female monarch of Denmark since Margaret I, ruler of the Scandinavian countries in 1375–1412 during the Kalmar Union.

 

Magrethe was born in 1940, but did not become heiress presumptive until 1953, when a constitutional amendment allowed women to inherit the throne (after it became clear that King Frederick was unlikely to have any male issue). In 1967, she married Henri de Laborde de Monpezat, with whom she has two sons: Crown Prince Frederik (born 1968) and Prince Joachim (born 1969).

 

Early life

Princess Margrethe was born on 16 April 1940 at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen as the first child of Crown Prince Frederick and Crown Princess Ingrid of Denmark. Her father was the eldest son of King Christian X and Queen Alexandrine of Denmark, and her mother was the only daughter of Crown Prince Gustav Adolf and Crown Princess Margaret of Sweden. Her birth took place just one week after Nazi Germany's invasion of Denmark on 9 April 1940.

 

She was baptised on 14 May 1940 in the Church of Holmen in Copenhagen. The princess's godparents were King Christian X of Denmark, Prince Knud of Denmark, Prince Axel of Denmark, King Gustaf V of Sweden, Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden and Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn.

 

She was named Margrethe after her maternal grandmother, Alexandrine after her paternal grandmother, and Ingrid after her mother. Since her paternal grandfather, the then-reigning King Christian X, was also the King of Iceland at the time, and Margrethe until 1944 was an Icelandic princess, the Princess was as a tribute to the people of Iceland given an Icelandic name, Þórhildur, consisting of "Thor" and the word for "battle" or "fight". The name is spelled with the thorn letter, which is a surviving rune, and is equivalent to "th". It is sometimes anglicized as Thorhildur.

 

When Margrethe was four years old, in 1944, her first sister Princess Benedikte was born. She later married Prince Richard of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and lives in Germany. Her third sister Princess Anne Marie was born in 1946. She later married Constantine II of Greece and now lives in London. On 20 April 1947, King Christian X died and Margrethe's father ascended the throne as King Frederick IX.

 

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19.2. 2009

updated: 2013-01-07

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