ENG: Marcia Carolyn "Marcy" Kaptur (born June 17, 1946) is the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 9th congressional district, serving since 1983. She is a member of the Democratic Party. The district, anchored by the city of Toledo, includes all of Ottawa and Erie counties, and part of Lucas and Lorain counties.
Serving her fourteenth term in the House of Representatives, Kaptur is the dean of Ohio's congressional delegation, the longest currently-serving woman in the House and the second longest-serving ever after Edith Rogers; in the Congress, she is currently tied for the second longest-serving woman with Senator Barbara Boxer, behind Senator Barbara Mikulski. She ranks 17th out of 435 members in seniority and serves on the powerful House Appropriations Committee.
Early life, education, and early political career
Kaptur, a Polish-American, was born in Toledo, Ohio, the daughter of Anastasia Delores (née Rogowski) and Stephen Jacob Kaptur. Her family operated a small grocery.
Kaptur became a Democratic Party volunteer in the late 1950s, at age 13.
Kaptur graduated from St. Ursula Academy in 1964 and became the first member in her family to attend college. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1968 and a Master of Urban Planning from the University of Michigan in 1974. She did post-graduate study in urban planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1981.
Kaptur served on the Toledo-Lucas County Plan Commissions from 1969 to 1975 and was director of planning for the National Center for Urban Ethnic Affairs (1975–1977) founded by the late Msgr. Geno Baroni.
She later served as a domestic policy advisor during President Jimmy Carter's Administration.
U.S. House of Representatives - Elections
While pursuing a doctorate in urban planning development finance at MIT, Kaptur was recruited to run for Congress in 1982 against freshman Republican Ed Weber, who had upset 26-year incumbent Lud Ashley two years earlier. Despite being outspent by almost 3-1, she defeated Weber 58%-39%. Although the 9th had traditionally been a Democratic bastion, Kaptur's win was considered a major upset.
In 1984, Kaptur faced a strong challenge from Republican Frank Venner, longtime anchorman and weatherman at WTVG, but defeated him 55%-44%, even as Ronald Reagan carried the district. Between 1984 and 2004, she won every election with at least 74% of the vote.
In 2004, she faced her first serious opponent in 20 years in Lucas County auditor Larry Kaczala. However, Kaptur dispatched him fairly easily, winning by 68%-32%.
Kaptur won her 13th term with 74% of the vote.
Kaptur won her 14th term with 74% of the vote.
Shortly after achieving fame during the 2008 election, conservative figure Samuel "Joe the Plumber" Wurzelbacher announced that he was considering challenging Kaptur in the 2010 election. However, he chose not to run. Kaptur was instead challenged by Republican Rich Iott, a Tea Party movement favorite. Kaptur won re-election to her 15th term with 59% of the vote, which was her worst re-election performance since 1984.
Kaptur ran for re-election to a 16th term.
After congressional redistricting, fellow U.S. Congressman Dennis Kucinich (D-Cleveland) ended up in the 9th District as well, so they ran against one other in the Democratic primary. Graham Veysey, a small business owner from Cleveland, also ran in the primary. Kaptur won the primary with 56% of the vote, while Kucinich received 40%. In the general election, she won against Republican Samuel "Joe the Plumber" Wurzelbacher and Libertarian Sean Stipe.
Kaptur is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.
She was once named "Most Valuable Member" of the House by The Nation. In 1996, Kaptur was asked by Ross Perot to be his vice-presidential running mate. She eventually declined.
Kaptur was a dedicated opponent of the America Invents Act that passed into law and changed the U.S. Patent System. Kaptur opposed changing from a "first to invent system" to a "first to file system", claiming it hurt small businesses. Kaptur stated "Our patent system is the finest in the world... the proposed solutions are special fixes that benefit these few giants at the expense of everyone else."
January 15, 2013